What was the primary aim of the war for the south?
The overriding aim of the south was to force the Union to recognize the Confederacy as a separate country. This could occur by militarily defeating the Union, bankrupting the Union, toppling the elected government of the Union, or by gaining recognition from foreign powers who would then help persuade the Union. A second objective was to permit the continuation and expansion of slavery. For some southerners, this was the principal aim.