What was the result of Columbus coming to the New World?

European countries began to colonize the relatively sparsely-populated lands of North and South America. These included Spain, Portugal, England, France, and the Netherlands, and to a much lesser extent Russia and Prussia (Germany). The technology developed during the Renaissance made the colonial countries militarily superior to the tribes of the Americas, and the natives had no resistance to many European diseases. This resulted in the new American civilizations becoming essentially a mirror of the civilizations of Europe, to the detriment of the original populations.