At the end of, the governments of the United States and the Soviet Union decided that the Soviet Union would invade the Japanese held territories of mainland Asia south to the 38th Parallel and the United States would invade north to the same point. In 1948,with a failure to unite the two areas, elections were held and the new South Korea came under the power of Syngman Rhee. Kim Il-sung took power in North Korea.
On June 25 June, 1950, communist North Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel into democratic South Korea.
The 38th parallel, as the pre-war boundary between the countries, became the focal point for negotiations of a cease fire.
There has been no peace treaty, only a cease fire. The 38th parallel continues to be the most highly defended border in the world across the 3 mile wide Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
The 38th parallel was the boundary between the northern and southern halves of the Korean peninsula between World War 2 and the Korean War. After the Korean War the border between North Korea and South Korea did not change much and therefore is still sometimes referred to as the 38th parallel, though it is not along the actual 38th parallel north as it used to be.
The 38th parallel is actually one of the imaginary (I can't remember if it's longitude or latitude) lines that divide the earth. In the Korean War, the war stalled out around the 38th parallel and so the peace treaty ending the war put the borders between North and South Korea roughly along that line.
The Korean War. The 38th parallel is also associated with World War 2. At the Potsdam Conference the US and the Soviet Union agreed that each would invade the Korean Peninsula to defeat the Japanese there. The Soviet Union was to attack from the North and the US from the south. They would both stop at the 38th parallel.
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