Australia was first colonised by the British in order to relieve the overly full British prisons. However, only relatively small parts of Australia were used as penal settlements. Indigenous Australians inhabited the rest of the continent as well.
The threat of Aboriginal attack, together with the fact that the continent was surrounded by water was considered enough insurance to prevent any convicts ever escaping back to England - which was the primary and original purpose of the colonies.
As well as Sydney, convict colonies were begun in Victoria, Moreton Bay (Queensland), Hobart and Newcastle. The colony of South Australia was never a penal settlement. Swan River (Perth) began as a free settlement, but convicts were sent there later as free labour.
It was decided that with the loss of the American colonies after the American war of independence that England needed a place to send convicts. Upon receiving favourable reports by Lieutenant Cook, on his return from his first expedition, that New South Wales (the name given to the eastern half of Australia) was an ideal place for a convict settlement and as the French were expanding in the Pacific, it would be advantageous to settle NSW rather than let the French get a foothold.
Australia was colonised by the British on 26 January 1788, with the arrival of the First Fleet.
Pretty much once the British colonized the place in 1788
The first people sent to colonise Australia were convicts and the officers and marines sent to supervise them.
The British colonized Australia or Oceania first.
Captain Arthur Phillip was the one who colonised Australia, as he commanded the First Fleet of convicts.
Yes, in 1788.
India was first colonized in 1497
I think the British did
1801 was the year Australia day was first celebrated
The aboriginals are indigenous people of Australia What did they do ? lived in Australia and then the British people came and colonized Australia.
The british colonized nigeria.