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That is up to the executor to decide. They can use any method they wish to do so, as long as the court approves. In most cases they want to sell as few things as possible.

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Q: When an estate is going through probate how does the executor decide what property must be sold to pay off bills?
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Sample of a letter of administration for probate?

Letters of administration of probate are issued by the court. If a will is left by the deceased, the property is distributed according to the will. If there is no will, the property goes into probate and the courts decide.

One primary advantage of having a will is that your estate avoids probate?

No, you still have to go through probate. But you get to decide where your property goes. Otherwise without a will the state will decide (ORC) where your estate goes. It makes it simpler for you and your loved ones in the end.

What determines if a will goes to probate?

All wills go to probate. It's a matter of how long the process takes. When there is a will, the probate proceedings are called "testate proceedings." The heirs usually decide if it is necessary to submit the will for probate, especially if an executor has not been appointed. The court reviews the will, makes sure that it is valid, reviews and validates the death and appoints an executor if there is none.

Is the executor of a family member's will required to carry out all of the deceased wishes even if the executor disagrees with some of the deceased's requests?

First, no one is an executor until the will has been allowed by the probate court and the court has appointed the executor. Until appointed by a court, an executor has NO power.Once appointed, the executor MUST follow the provisions of the will regardless of their personal feelings. The executor has no personal interest in the estate. They perform their responsibilities under the supervision of the probate court and will be held personally liable for any misbehavior.Every person has the right to decide what will happen to their property when they die. Those wishes are expressed in a will. Only a judge can modify the terms of a will after the testator has died..

Can an executor be set aside in probate?

Yes. A court can decide not to appoint the named executor if any interested party provides a compelling objection to the appointment. Also, the court can remove an executor and appoint a successor if it finds the executor is mishandling the estate, submits a resignation or dies while in office.

I am the sole executor of my mother's estate in TN and want to know if an heir has any authority to decide who receives what of the personal property the will just states equal shares to the heirs?

An heir does not have any authority over the distribution under a will. Once the estate has been filed for probate the executor is provided with that authority by the court. The executor can take suggestions about how the personal property should be divided and should take care to set personal feelings aside and be fair about the distribution. However, making the distribution of the estate is the executor's legal responsibility.

Can a executor distribute the estate more fairly?

Absolutely not. That would be a violation of law. One of the most sacred and ancient rights under common law systems is a person's right to decide how her property will be distributed after her death. The executor cannot change the last will and testament. Their legal obligation is to submit the will to the probate court and then follow its instructions to the letter if they are appointed as executor by the court. Until all that has taken place, the person named as executor has no legal authority whatsoever.In this case "fair" is to be judged solely from the perspective of the testator.

Is the executor or executrix legally bound to execute the will as written?

Yes, the executor is legally bound to fulfill all directions in the will. If an executor has a question about the legality of some particular direction (such as scattering cremated ashes in a place where it is not allowed), the executor has the right to file an action in the probate court for what is called "advice and directions". All beneficiaries will get notice of the action and have a right to be heard for or against the issue and the court will decide what the executor is to do.

Can an executor place a house for rent that is still in probate?

This question has two potential answers depending upon whether the executor is the one renting the property or the beneficiary designated to receive it under the will is renting the property. If you mean rented by the executor, it may be at any time as soon as the will is probated and an executor is appointed to act. (Or an administrator if there is no will.) Most states have a statute taken from the Uniform Probate Code that gives the executor possession and control over every asset of the estate during administration of the estate even to the exclusion of beneficiarires who are designated to receive the property. During administration only the executor may rent it out, but the executor retains the discretion to decide if renting it is beneficial to the estate. Thus, even though an executor has the power to rent it out, he or she does not have to do so and cannot be forced to do do by a beneficiary unless a court orders it. If you mean rented by the ultimate beneficiary, the beneficiary cannot rent it out until the executor formally transfers the property from the estate to the beneficiary even if the will explicitly gives the house to that beneficiary. Once it is transferred, it is no longer part of the estate and the executor has no legal right to possession or control, therefore no right to rent it out or refuse to rent it out. The transfer to the beneficiary might have to wait until final settlement of the estate just to make sure that it does not have to be sold to pay for debts or expenses. On the other hand, if an executor is reasonably certain that it is not needed for that, the executor may in his discretion transfer the property before finalizing the estate. I believe it is best to transfer the house as quickly as possible during administration as long as it is clear that there are sufficient liquid assets to pay for everything. That way the executor is no longer responsible for the safety of the asset and he or she has a happy beneficiary.

Can executor decide amount of money you get after your parent is dead?

The amount of money you receive from your parent's estate is set forth in the will. In some cases a specific bequest is made to each person. In other cases the heirs are treated as a class to "share and share alike". You may be more comfortable with the process if you read a copy of the will and review the inventory of personal and real property that has been filed by the executor. If the will has been filed for probate those documents should be available for your examination at your request. Someone at the probate court could assist you.

Can the estate executor who is one of the beneficiaries decide to keep a property when the other beneficiary doesnt want to own it?

Sure, but the other person doesn't have to keep it and can sell their share either to the executor or to a third party.

What is the Maine executor fee?

There is no set Maine executor fee. It is up to the executor and the court to decide a reasonable amount for a fee.