When was the Xerox Alto developed?
The Xerox Alto was developed in 1973 at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in California . The name "Alto" came from the location, Palo Alto. The Alto was a development machine and was not marketed. However, machines based upon the Alto were eventually offered in the marketplace.
The Xerox Alto was made by Xerox Corporation at its Palo Alto Research Center in Palo Alto, California.
The Xerox Alto was an experimental form of what would now be called a "networked desktop computer." It was developed in the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center before the IMB PC or Apple I hit the market. Xerox deployed the Alto in many of its manufacturing and research locations, as well as within Ginn and Company, a book publisher that was then a Xerox subsidiary. However, the Alto was never offered in the commercial market… Read More
After Mac OS. Mac OS was based on the earlier Xerox Alto system.
Xerox Alto was created in 1973.
What is the name of the Xerox lab where many of the computer and networking technologies were developed over 30 years ago?
The Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, or Xerox PARC, is the lab where many of the seminal computer and networking technologies were developed over the last 30 years.
The first developed portable computer was the Xerox NoteTaker, developed at Xerox PARC (Palo Alto Research Center), in 1976. The first mass-produced portable computer was the Osborne 1, in 1981.
Whether Apple stole the GUI and related metaphors from Xerox Corporation or merely used ideas they were shown is a matter of interpretation, and perhaps a matter for a court decision. See the Wikipedia article on the suit between Microsoft and Apple on this matter, in which Xerox tried, unsuccessfully, to participate.
The Xerox Alto was a machine, not something to be published. It was built and used, but it was a test device and was not made available to the commercial market.
Xerox Palo Alto
Yes, Xerox PARC is located in the US. It is on a hillside in Palo Alto, California. PARC stands for Palo Alto Research Center.
Xerox, primarily through its Palo Alto Research Center, developed the Ethernet, the graphical user interface, and integrated it with the mouse and other pointing devices. The company also developed the laser printer, widely connected ot computers are high speed output devices.
It was invented in 1973
The Xerox Alto.
Windows was cloned from Mac OS which was cloned from the Xerox Alto. The invention of those interfaces should be credited to Xerox PARC on their Alto. All later are derivatives.
Xerox in the Alto.
In human-computer interaction, WIMP stands for "window, icon, menu, pointing device", denoting a style of interaction using these elements. It was coined by Merzouga Wilberts in 1980. Although its usage has fallen out of favor, it is often used as an approximate synonym of "GUI". WIMP interaction was developed at Xerox PARC (see Xerox Alto, developed in 1973) and "popularized by the Macintosh computer in 1984".
It's called the Xerox Alto
It happened on Xerox on the Alto
Steve Jobs and some of the Macintosh development team visited the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center where a system using a mouse and a graphical user interface was being developed. While the Apple team picked up some ideas there, the differences between the two systems are substantial. Some of the Xerox developers went to work for Apple and went on to develop their own system with features not included in the Xerox system.
The Xerox Corporation developed and brought to market the first xerographic (plain paper) copier. This revolutionized the business office environment. The Xerox Corporation also invented the Ethernet computer networking system and the graphical user interface, and was the first to successfully apply the computer mouse on a large scale. Many other critical elements of personal computers and computer networking were first created at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, although largely ignored by Xerox Corporation… Read More
the GUI and the mouse came at the same time, in the Xerox Alto, then the Xerox Star, then the Apple Lisa, then the Macintosh.
Nobody gave their graphical OS and mouse to Apple. Apple developed their own graphical OS for their Lisa computer and another graphical OS for their Macintosh computer. Steve Jobs and some of the Apple team did visit Xerox PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) where they saw the Xerox system which used a graphical interface and a mouse but they built their own system for the Apple computers which developed new ideas and expanded some features… Read More
Palo Alto Research Center (Xerox PARC)
It was Xerox in 1970s with the Xerox Alto. The Alto actually had a GUI. Until Apple had created the Macintosh, there really was no GUI. In 1985, Microsoft created a crude GUI, Windows 1, which was only just an enhanced DOS Shell.
The Graphical User Interface (GUI) was developed by Xerox at their Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). They used the GUI concepts in their Xerox 8010 Star Information System in 1981. The idea was developed further by Apple and used in their Lisa in 1983, then the Macintosh in 1984. So technically the Mac OS was not the first GUI but it was the first to be widely adopted by consumers.
This was actually developed in its modern GUI form by Xerox PARC on their Alto computer in 1973, but the basic concept had been in use on text based interactive editors for about a decade before that. Apple copied from Xerox PARC for use on their Lisa in 1983 and Macintosh in 1984.
I believe it was the Xerox ALTO, a prototype technology demonstrator computer.
Xerox Corporation developed its own software for the DocuTech family of machines.
The Graphic User Interface (GUI), the computer mouse and the Ethernet are among the items developed at Xerox PARC. They are now part of most operating systems.
Although The Xerox Alto (developed at Xerox PARC on March 1, 1973) was one of the first computers designed for individual use - making it arguably the first "Personal Computer" - it really wasn't marketed to the public, per se. The Alto was the first computer to be housed in a "desktop" configuration and to use a mouse-driven graphical user interface. The IBM model number 5150 was introduced on August 12, 1981. It ushered in… Read More
The senior managment of Xerox Corporation did not recognize the value of what they had, and management at their Palo Alto Research Center knew that Xerox did not know how to develop it, even if they recognized its value. So they let Steven Jobs see it.
No. Xerox was. Their Alto computer inspired Apple and other companies.
The first computer with a Graphical User Interface and mouse was the Xerox Alto in the late 1970s.
Graphical User Interfaces were first invented by Xerox for their Alto computer. Everyone else copied.
Apple. Actually it was Xerox on their Alto computer, Apple copied them on their Lisa computer.
The Xerox Corporation developed the Ethernet.
The Xerox Alto was the first computer to use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Two verbs that begin with X are to x-ray and to xerox. Note that "xerox" is a verb created from the name of the company that developed the office photocopier.
Not at all. The first graphical operating system was on the Xerox Alto workstation.
Xerography is the name of the process that was invented in 1938 by Chester Carlson and developed by the Haloid Company into the first fully automatic plain paper copier, the Xerox 914, in 1959. Xerography is a modern word developed from two Greek roots meaning "dry writing." Shortly after releasing the Xerox 914, The Haloid Company began a transition to a new name, Xerox Corporation. The name Xerox was taken from the term Xerography, and… Read More
Floyd Carlson was not connected with the invention of the Xerox copier. Chester Carlson developed the process that is now called xerography and that is the basis for the first copiers made by Xerox. The engineers and technicians of the Haloid Company, working with Carlson and scientists of the Battelle Memorial Institute, invented the first "Xerox machine." Haloid later changed its name to Xerox Corporation.
Apple Computer developed first desktop computer with a GUI, graphical user interface and they were called "Windows", but to give credit where credit is due: The first graphical user interface was developed at the Xerox PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) in the 1970s for the Xerox Alto computer and they were also called "Windows". Steve Jobs visited PARC when the interface was under development and you know the rest of the story…it was incorporated into… Read More
When Xerox Corporation first offered a xerographic photocopier, the machine was too expensive for most businesses, so a leasing plan was developed. As a result, in the early years of copier machine manufacturing, Xerox had greater profits from leases than from sales.
In 1979, Apple Computer's co-founder Steve Jobs visited Xerox PARC, where he was shown the Smalltalk-80 programming environment, networking, and most importantly theWYSIWYG, mouse-driven graphical user interface provided by the Alto.
The company history of Apple Inc says that a man called Steve Jobs was so impressed with technology shown by Xerox Palo Alto Research Park ( or Xerox PARC as it later became known as) that Steve founded a computer company to let the rest of the world know about this Windows, Icon, Pull Down, (when WIMPS ruled the desktop), Menu system Xerox PARC did have working. Xerox PARC did not protect that innovation so… Read More
Credit for this is usually given to Alan Kay, though he was one of a number of team members (Dan Ingalls, Adele Goldberg, Ted Kaehler, Scott Wallace) at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. It was these people who put down the original specifications of object-oriented programming and developed the Smalltalk programming language as an implementation of these specifications.
"Xerox Star" was the code name for a computer of the type that we might now call a PC, but the Star was designed to work through the Ethernet network with other machines and servers. This was one of the machines on which the graphical user interface was further developed by Xerox both before and after Apple began using that process.
Probably the Xerox one for their experimental prototype Alto computer workstation. That inspired Jobs and Wozniac of Apple to make the one on the Lisa, then the Macintosh.
A Xerox Machine is any machine marketed by the Xerox Corporation. Many different machines have been marketed by Xerox Corporation, and were invented by different people at different times. Some people incorrectly say "xerox machine" when they want to say "photocopier" or something similar. The process used in most modern photocopiers is called xerography and was invented by Chester Carlson. Machines using that process were developed (not invented) by a team of engineers working for… Read More