Where can you find more pictures of the cotton gin?
you can go to pictures.com and search cotton gin
A cotton gin is not a factory. The gin takes raw cotton and removes the seeds. Cotton bolls are very dense and before the gin was invented by Whitney the slaves were made to remove the seeds by hand. The gin allowed more cotton to be grown and production grew. The cotton gin is still used today and the cotton once it is processed it is baled and sold at auction.
More slaves were needed to PICK the cotton in the fields because the cotton gin more quickly took the seeds out of the cotton. The planters (plantation owners who owned more than 20 slaves) wanted more profit, so they wanted to constantly have the cotton gin working. To have this happen, there would need to be A LOT more cotton.
The cotton gin was a huge advance in the efficiency of processing raw cotton into a usable product. It was still necessary for the cotton to be picked by hand, which is a labor intensive job. The cotton gin made cotton farming more profitable, and the more cotton farming there was, the more cheap labor was needed, which in the period before the Civil War, came in the form of slaves.
The cotton gin was supposed to help abolish slavery because it takes less people when you have machines. However, with the ability to "shuck" cotton more quickly came the desire for more land for cotton. Unfortunately, slave labor was still needed to pick the cotton, which was now far more abundant, and so there was a sharp increase in slavery following the cotton gin.
You would think that since there aren't as many hands needed to separate cotton, there would be a decrease in slavery. However, plantation owners only grew more cotton which needed more slaves to pick, then needed even more slaves to operate the cotton gin. In fact, after the invention of the cotton gin, slavery soon quadrupled.