Elements in Animals and Humans Animals and humans have similar evolutionary backgrounds. Specific elements play critical roles in the structures of proteins and the activities of enzymes. The purpose of this page is to outline some of the uses of elements in the structure of animals and humans and to illustrate why these elements are essential in the body and for optimal health. * Calcium (Ca)
Structure of bone and teeth. * Phosphorous (Ph)
Structure of bone and teeth. Required for ATP, the energy carrier in animals. * Magnesium (Mg)
Important in bone structure. Deficiency results in tetany (muscle spasms) and can lead to a calcium deficiency. * Sodium (Na)
Major electrolyte of blood and extracellular fluid. Required for maintenance of pH and osmotic balance. * Potassium (K)
Major electrolyte of blood and intracellular fluid. Required for maintenance of pH and osmotic balance. * Chlorine (Cl)
Major electrolyte of blood and extracellular and intracellular fluid. Required for maintenance of pH and osmotic balance. * Sulfur (S)
Element of the essential amino acids methionine and cysteine. Contained in the vitamins thiamin and biotin. As part of glutathione it is required for detoxification. Poor growth due to reduced protein synthesis and lower glutathione levels potentially increasing oxidative or xenobiotic damage are consequences of low sulfur and methionine and/or cysteine intake. * Iron (Fe)
Contained in hemoglobin and myoglobin which are required for oxygen transport in the body. Part of the cytochrome p450 family of enzymes. Anemia is the primary consequence of iron deficiency. Excess iron levels can enlarge the liver, may provoke and cardiac falurer. The genetic disease hemochromatosis results from excess iron absorption. Similar symptoms can be produced through excessive transfusions required for the treatment of other diseases. * Copper (Cu)
Contained in enzymes of the ferroxidase (ceruloplasmin?) system which regulates iron transport and facilitates release from storage. A structural element in the enzymes tyrosinase, cytochrome c oxidase, ascorbic acid oxidase, amine oxidases, and the antioxidant enzyme copper zinc superoxide dismutase. A copper deficiency can result in anemia from reduced ferroxidase function. Excess copper levels cause liver malfunction and are associated with genetic disorder Wilson's Disease * Manganese (Mn)
Major component of the mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme manganese superoxide dismutase. A manganese deficiency can lead to improper bone formation and reproductive disorders. An excess of manganese can lead to poor iron absorption. * Iodine (I)
Required for production of thyroxine which plays an important role in metabolic rate. Deficient or excessive iodine intake can cause goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland). * Zinc (Zn)
Important for reproductive function due to its use in FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (leutinizing hormone). Required for DNA binding of zinc finger proteins which regulate a variety of activities. A component of the enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase, lactic dehydrogenase carbonic anhydrase, ribonuclease, DNA Polymerase and the antioxidant copper zinc superoxide dismutase. An excess of zinc may cause anemia or reduced bone formation. * Selenium (Se)
Contained in the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase and heme oxidase. Deficiency results in oxidative membrane damage with different effects in different species. Human deficiency causes cardiomyopathy (heart damage) and is known as Keshan's disease. * Fluorine (Fl)
* Cobolt (Co)
Contained in vitamin B12. An excess may cause cardiac failure. * Molybdenum (Mo)
Contained in the enzyme xanthine oxidase. Required for the excretion of nitrogen in uric acid in birds. An excess can cause diarrhea and growth reduction. * Chromium (Cr)
A cofactor in the regulation of sugar levels. Chromium deficiency may cause hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar) and glucosuria (glucose in the urine). Rats have been shown to have improved growth on diets which contain other micro nutrients. These include: * Lead (Pb)
* Nickel (Ni)
* Silicon (Si)
* Vanadium (Vn)
These elements are all toxic at high levels. SOURCE: http://www.csua.berkeley.edu/~wuhsi/elements.html
There are two very important metals found in the human body that help carry out biological processes. These metals are iron and zinc.
It damage the system on do other things to the body .
The human body is mostly made of nonmetals.
306 joints are present in human body
The human body is mostly made up of nonmetals.
There are no superhuman or supernatural powers present in your body.
Important electrolytes in the human body are potassium, sodium, and calcium.
Alkaline earth metals in the body play a huge role in health. For instance, calcium is the fifth most abundant in the human body. You need calcium for strong bones.
water is present in whole body..............
Enzymes are present throughout the body.
Ventricles are present in the heart of the human body.
There are several metals that are needed and can be found in the human body. A few of these are iron, magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, selenium, chromium, and molybdenum.
it is widely present in the euarchontoglires
Amylase is an enzyme in the human body that assists with the changing of starch into sugars. It is present in human saliva.
there are trillion of cells present in the human body but what there are in us can you tell us please
All states are present , none of them is not present .
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur. These are the elements which compose the major biomolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and nucleic acids.
How many hormones are present in the human body?
The body's most common metal traces are Iron and Zinc. These metals are typically found in blood and skin tissue.
Gold is not a normal part of the human body, however, some people do have gold dental work.
The list includes sodium, potassium,calcium, magnesium, manganese, iron, cobalt, copper, zinc, and molybdenum. In addition, small amounts of other metals are found which are unavoidably present, but have no known function. These include lead, aluminium, arsenic, mercury, cadmium, gold, bismuth, antimony, and beryllium
The smallest bone in the our body is the stirrup bone which is present in the ear.
in periodic table metals are present on left and non metals are present on the right ...
i don't know but at least some metals we can digest:- iron we can digest because it is good for our health etc......
It is predominantly present in the small intestine.