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Answered 2009-12-01 18:08:52

The alkali metals, group one on the periodic table. Starts with Lithium (Li) and ends with Francium (Fr). Or at least until Ununnunium is discovered, as it will be thenext alkali metal. The reason for their high reactivity is that they have only one valence electron. Valence electrons are the electrons that are involved in forming bonds with other elements. With only one valence electron, the atomic radius (how far away from the nucleus electrons can travel) is at its largest, making it so much easier for the electron to be taken by an other element that needs one valence electron, such as Chlorine (Cl). The reason that it is hard to find pure Sodium (Na) in nature is because it is an alkali metal, and therefore tends to bond with other elements rather than be alone.

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