The imperial period of Roman literature (the Age of Augustus) is known as the "golden age" due to the patronage of the arts by the emperor. This period included works by the poets Vergil, Horace, and Ovid.
The Romantic Movement was inspired by the Industrial Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment. This period was a reaction to and revolt against those things. It was known as a time of liberalism, radicalism, and nationalism.