Which storm has the strongest fastest winds tornado hurricane or thunderstorm?
There is some overlap in all of them, but the strongest winds are found in violent tornadoes.
No, a hurricane is not a tornado over water. A tornado and a hurricane are quite different. A hurricane is a large-scale self-sustaining storm pressure system, typically hundreds of miles wide. A tornado is a small-scale vortex dependent on a parent thunderstorm rarely over a mile wide. A tornado on water is called a waterspout.
Most tornadoes and hurricanes have winds in the same range as hurricane winds start at 74 mph and tornado wind estimates mostly start at 65 mph. But in tornado winds can be far stronger than those of any hurricane. The strongest winds every recorded in a hurricane were 190 mph while the strongest winds recorded in a tornado were 302 mph.
It depends on the tornado. If it is a single vortex tornado the winds near at the edge of the core will be the fastest. However, many of the strongest tornadoes are multivortex, meaning that they have smaller vorticies (almost like mini tornadoes) inside the main vortex. In a multivortex tornado the fastest winds are within these subvortices.
Unlike chasing tornadoes, to chase a hurricane you actually have to go in to it as the storm is hundreds of miles wide. If you intercept a hurricane there is no way of avoiding dangerous winds. By contrast, most storm chasers are usually able to maintain a safe distance from a tornado while chasing, and close encounters are not very common. Similarly, in a thunderstorm it can be possible to avoid the most dangerous parts.
A hurricane and a tornado can't exactly collide as they operate on entirely different scales. A hurricane is its own storm system typically several hundred miles wide while a tornado is a relatively small scale vortex usually no more than a few thousand feet wide and is dependent on a parent thunderstorm. In fact it is fairly common for the storms in the outer bands of a hurricane to produce tornadoes.
A thunderstorm has to be pretty strong in most cases, though strength alone isn't enough. A thunderstorm needs to have rotation to produce a tornado, though the strongest thunderstorms, called supercells, rotate anyway. A tornado warning is usually issued if doppler radar detects a difference between inbound and outbound winds of 100 mph or greater, though a warning may be issued in lseer conditions.
Depends on how dangerous the hurricane is. It can be stronger or weaker than tornado, so there is some overlap, however, the very strongest of tornadoes have winds that can exceed 300mph while the very strongest of hurricanes have winds up to about 200 mph. However storms this strong are very rare. In most cases the winds fall into the same range.