Athena helps Odysseus.
she just gives Odysseus helpful information on his journey
Hermes; He gives Odysseus a plant to eat called Moly, which is an enchanted root that can only be uprooted by the gods. Odysseus eats the enchanted root, which protects him from Circe's spells.
Athena helps Odysseus as well as Telemachus
Odysseus helps someone read the book
Hermes tells Calypso she must let Odysseus go.Calypso helps Odysseus build a raft to leave the island.
The god, Hermes, stops Odysseus on his way to see Kirke. He gives him a plant that will help him against Kirke's pig-poison, along with a plan that will help him break her spell.
It is both.
Many people and gods help Odysseus return home, but Athena is the largest help, appealing to the gods to help him, and not hinder his journey. Aeolus (Eolus) gives Odysseus and his men a bag of the winds so that they can sail home quickly. Circe gives Odysseus much advice on how to get home, including how to pass the dangerous Scylla and Charbydis. The ghosts of the blind Theban prophet Teiresias, Odysseus' mother, and King Agamemnon, offer advice and support to Odysseus journey. Calypso finds Odysseus, shipwrecked, and nurses him back to health. She eventually helps him build a raft to get home. Nausicaa finds Odysseus and brings him home to the Phaecian palace. The Phaecians bring Odysseus home on their swift blessed ships.
Hermes giving him the moly potion
It hides him in a mist, allowing him to walk undetected.
A storm approached, and would not let him approach the shores. Ino, gives Odysseus her veil to protect him. Odysseus stays on his raft. Eventually the storm destroys his raft, and throws Odysseus into the shoals, almost killing him, but luckily he misses the rocks. Odysseus asks a river god for help who helps push him upstream and onto the shores of Scheria.