answersLogoWhite

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2008-10-29 02:56:17

Chief Maquinna Maquinna (also transliterated Muquinna, Macuina, Maquilla) was the chief of the Nuu-chah-nulth people of Nootka Sound, during the heyday of the maritime fur trade in the 1780s and 1790s on the Pacific Northwest Coast. His people are today known as the Mowachaht and reside today with their kin, the Muchalaht, at Gold River, British Columbia, Canada. Maquinna was a powerful chief whose village, Yuquot, became the first important anchorage in the European jockeying for power and commerce as the era of the maritime fur trade began. Yuquot became known as Friendly Cove, and after the British explorer Captain James Cook visited in 1776, Imperial Spain quickly asserted its authority, sending north scientific and mapping ships, and also orders to establish a fort there. In 1788, John Meares explored the Nootka Sound and the neighboring coasts and bought some land from Maquinna, where he built a trading post. Ensuing events led to the seizure of a British subject and his Austrian-registered vessel by the Spanish, which provoked an international episode known as the Nootka Crisis. Fort San Miguel was built in 1789 by Esteban José Martínez, who required Maquinna and his people to move. The fort was abandoned the same year, after the Nootka Controversy, and rebuilt one year later, in 1790, by Pere d'Alberní i Teixidor. In 1795 it was finally abandoned after the Nootka Convention came in force, and Maquinna and his people could return to their coastal village. Maquinna played a key role in relations between the Spanish envoy, Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, and his British counterpart, Captain George Vancouver, who negotiated the settlement of the Nootka affair and enjoyed Maquinna's hospitality at length. It is worth noting that the title by which he is described, "Hyas Tyee", which was to find its way into the vocabulary of the Chinook Jargon, is the same as that used for king (although it simply means important chief). One story tells how he and his brother, Callicum, performed a masquerade for Vancouver and Quadra in which the noble brothers acted out a pantomime of European dress and manners, improvising mock-Spanish and mock-English dialogue, all set in the customary style of the great potlatch theatre-dance culture of the Northwest Coast. Relations were not always easy. Callicum expressed his anger at a Spanish frigate that was threatening to claim Yuquot by paddling out to the ship, and was shot and killed by a seaman aboard. Callicum's death and many other details of life in Maquinna's court are told in the writings of John R. Jewitt, one of two sole survivors of a British ship whose crew was massacred by Maquinna and his men. A Narrative of the Adventures and Sufferings of John R. Jewitt, only survivor of the crew of the ship Boston, during a captivity of nearly three years among the savages of Nootka Sound: with an account of the manners, mode of living, and religious opinions of the natives is one of the first published glimpses into the social and cultural life of the Pacific Northwest peoples. Jewitt refers to Maquinna throughout as "king". External links * Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online * On-line original edition of The Adventures and Sufferings of John R. Jewitt] * Mowachaht-Muchalaht First Nation Webpage * First Contact Mowachaht Page References * First Approaches to the North West Coast, Derek Pethick, University of Washington Press, July 1977 * The Nootka Connection: The Northwest Coast,, Derek Pethick, University of Washington Press 1980 * British Columbia chronicle,: Adventures by sea and land, G.P.V. Akrigg Edited & Posted by: Daniel David Miller The 5th

001
๐ŸŒŽ
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
๐Ÿ˜‚
0
User Avatar

Your Answer

Loading...

Still Have Questions?

Related Questions

Where is Chief Maquinna Elementary located?

in Vancouver BC 4th Avenue


What is Maquinna Annex's motto?

Maquinna Annex's motto is 'We Try our Best'.


Where was Maquinna born?

It is not known exactly where Maquinna was born, but most likely in the Pacific Northwest region, possibly in the area of Nootka Sound.


What are the release dates for Cruise of the Princess Maquinna - 1922?

Cruise of the Princess Maquinna - 1922 was released on: USA: 1 October 1922


What are the eight major roles of the president?

commander and chief chief of state chief executive chief legislater chief of depolmate chief of party chief citizen chief adminstrater


What the 7 hats of the president?

Chief Executive Commander in Chief Chief Diplomat Chief Legislator Chief Citizen Chief of Party Chief of State


What are the seven duties of the president of the US?

Commander in Chief Chief Diplomat Chief Executive Chief of State Chief of Party chief legislator Chief Economist


What are the 7 basic roles of a president?

Chief of State, Commander in Chief, Chief of Diplomat, Chief of Executive, Chief Legislature, Chief of Party, and Chief of the Economy


What are seven roles of the president?

Chief of State, Commander in Chief, Chief of Diplomat, Chief Executive, Chief Legislature, Chief of Party, and Chief Guardian of the Economy


Which elected official acts as commander-in-chief of the armed forces?

its the presidents job. the presidents job is chief of state, chief executive, chief administrator, chief diplomat, commander in chief, chief legislator, chief of party, and chief citizen.


What is the plural of editor-in-chief?

The plural of editor in chief is editors-in chief.


What are the 7 roles for president and what do they mean?

chief of state chief executive chief administrator chief diplomat commander in chief chief legislator chief of party chief citizen i have no idea what they mean and there is 8 roles not 7


Main roles of president?

Main roles of the president are Chief Executive, Chief Legislator, Chief Citizen, Chief of Party, Commander in Chief, and Chief Diplomat


What is the singular form of editors-in-chief?

The singular form of the noun editors-in-chief is editor-in-chief.


Is the word chief capitalized?

The word chief is capitalized when used in a formal title, such as Commander in Chief or Fire Chief.


How did Chief Joseph become Chief?

His father, Tuekakas, who was chief died making him chief.


What are the eight presidential duties?

1.chief of state2.chief executive3.Chief administrator4.Chief diplomat5.Commander in Chief6.Chief legislator7.Chief of party8. Chief citizen


What are the eight roles of a president?

1. chief of state 2. chief executive 3. chief administrator 4. chief diplomat 5. commander in chief 6. chief legislator 7. chief of party 8. chief citizen


What are the 5 categories that the powers of the president can be put into?

Commander in Chief, Chief Executive, chief of state, Chief Legislator, and the chief of party


What ar 9 duties given to the president of the US?

head of state commander in chief chief diplomat chief legislator head of party chief executive chief administrator chief economist chief citizen


The major roles of a President according to Clinton Rossiter?

Chief of State Chief of Party Chief Legislator Chief Diplomat Chief Economist


What is the job description for the President of the US?

The President must fill a number of different roles at the same time. These roles are chief of state,chief executive, chief administrator, chief diplomat, commander in chief, chief legislator, party chief, and chief citizen. Save


Who is chief executive is?

The plural of "chief executive" is "chief executives"


Which is correct Commander in chief or Commander and Chief?

Commander in Chief


Plural form of commander-in-chief?

Commanders-in-chief