History of Canada

Canada is the second largest country in the world with the fourth lowest population density in the world. It is the land of the maple leaf, moose and beaver. Got questions? Place them here and a "Canuck" may even answer.

13,347 Questions
History of Canada

What is wrong with Leif Garrets face?

Leif mentioned on Celebrity Rehab 4 that his heroin addiction was causing him to pick his skin. His mother showed him his face in a mirror and that is when he realized that he really needed help and went to Rehab.

History of Canada
Canada Provinces and Territories

Which province or territory has the smallest land mass in Canada?

PEI aka Prince Edward Island

History of Canada

Who are Canada's two founding nations?

Great Britain and France.


France had little or nothing to do with the Founding of the Canadian Confederation other than abandoning it's people when it lost a war to Britain. Even Britain played a minor, rubber stamp, role.

When used in this context the term "Nations" refers to groups of people, most specifically "Founding Peoples". Founding Peoples is the term used in the Constitution though Founding Nations is used elsewhere. Canada has many Nations, of which three claim special status over the others as Founding Peoples.

These three are Aboriginal, French, and British. Originally there were only two founding Nations or Peoples, the British and the French. This makes the answer to the Question: Who are Canada's two founding nations? English or British and French.

Though it should be pointed out that most of the Fathers of Confederation were not "British" any more than the French in Quebec were. Many of those most active in the creation of the Confederation were not England British. John A MacDonald born in Scotland, Thomas D'Arcy McGee (Ireland), Louis Riel (Ruperts Land), Alexander Mackenzie (Scotland), George Brown (Scotland) and many or most were born in North America, not England.

But like the French in Quebec their forefathers had lost wars to Britain and as such were "British". The dominate mother tongue of the Founding Fathers would almost certainly be Gaelic not English, though English was the common language, again thanks to domination by an English speaking superpower.

History of the United States
History of Canada

Who were the first settlers in Kola Manitoba?



Not Europe. The first Settlers in this area were Scottish, likely from Canada. Kola has one of Western Canada's oldest Anglican Churches built 1884.

History of Canada

What was Lord Durham nickname?

John Lambton, Lord Durham, was known as Radical Jack.

History of Canada
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

When was George-√Čtienne Cartier born?

George-Étienne Cartier was born on September 6, 1814.

History of the United States
History of Canada

Why did the Northwest Angle become part of Minnesota instead of Canada?

The Treaty of Paris, concluded between the United States and Great Britain at the end of the American Revolutionary War, stated that the boundary between U.S. territory and the British possessions to the north would run "...through the Lake of the Woods to the northwestern most point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi..."

The parties did not suspect that the source of the Mississippi, Lake Itasca (then unknown to European explorers), was south of that point, and that thus the entire Mississippi was too far south to be intersected by a line running west from the Lake of the Woods. A factor in this mistake was the use of the Mitchell Map during the treaty negotiations; that map showed the Mississippi extending far to the north. In the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, the error was corrected by having the boundary run directly from the northwest point of the lake to the49th parallel and then westward along it.

When a survey team led by David Thompson finally located the northwesternmost point of the lake and surveyed this north-south line, it was found to intersect other bays of the lake and therefore form the boundary of a section of U.S. territory to its east, now known as the Northwest Angle

History of Canada

How old is Canada?

Canada has been a country for 147 years. The first attempt at colonization occurred in 1000 A.D. by the Norsemen. There was no further European exploration until 1497 A.D. when the Italian sailor John Cabot came along. It then started being inhabited by more Europeans. Canada was finally established as a country in 1867.

It is 148 years old as of July 1 2015.

History of Canada
Canadian Prime Ministers

What were the accomplishments of Sir Charles Tupper?

He was one of the Fathers of Confederation bringing in Nova Scotia as one of the charter provinces. I'd say that was a pretty good accomplishment. There are no doubt many others but that seems like a biggie. His short time as Canadian Prime Minister does not seem to have had the same lasting effect.

History of Canada

When did whitehorse become a province?

Whitehorse is not a province; it is a city, and the capital of the territory of Yukon.

History of Canada
Secondary Education
Middle School/Junior High
Terry Fox

Where is Terry Fox Junior High School?

It is in Calgary Alberta i go to that school

History of Canada

What countries once ruled Canada?

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland once ruled Canada. Canada is an independant nation but is part of the British Commonwealth.

France also ruled over a large part of what became Canada. They settled the East Coast and Quebec and remained until the 7 Years War when the French lost on the Plains of Abraham to the British.

If you stretch history back, you could also say the Vikings settled small parts of Canada with their early settlements in Vineland. But this occurred before the word Canada was created.

Before European contact, each area of Canada was controlled by distinct First Nation's tribes. There were 6 groups that controlled Canada: Woodland First Nations, Iroquoian First Nations, Plains First Nations, Plateau First Nations, Pacific Coast First Nations and the First Nations of the Mackenzie and Yukon River Basins.

History of Canada
Decade - 1980s

Who was the man to run across Canada with one leg?

There are two. 1. Terry Fox. He had cancer (osteosarcoma), got his leg cut off and got an artificial leg. He ran to raise money and help people who suffer from cancer. Terry Fox did not actually run all the way across Canada. He was forced to stop his epic quest at Thunder Bay, Ontario due to chest pains/breathing difficulties. It turned out that the cancer had spread into his respiratory system. He died within a year.

2. The man that actually ran the entire distance on one leg was Steve Fonyo who was inspired by Terry Fox's example and completed the journey a few years later.

Britain in WW2
History of Canada
Mohandas Gandhi

When did Canada gain its total independence Britain?

For all practical purposes in 1931 with the passing of the Statute of Westminster. Purely technically, a handful of things like the national flag were nominally subject to approval by Britain till 1982, but this was a formality.

History of the United States
History of Canada
History of South America

How did the very first people get to the Americas?

The very first people got to Americas by walking. About 2,000 something years ago people from India and Asia crossing Bering Bridge(Serbia, Russia to Alaska, U.S), at that time the Ice connected Russia to Alaska. So people could cross from Asia to Americas. These people were the Indians, later called Native Indians or Native Americans.

And thereafter much later in 1492, when Columbus travelled to Americas, many European nationals started coming by sea-routes by ships.

History of Canada
Pierre Trudeau

Who did Pierre Trudeau run against?

With respect to national elections:

1980 February 18, and 1979 May 22

In 1979 Trudeau led the Liberals to defeat in the 1979 May 22 election against Joe Clark of the Tories, with Ed Broadbent and the NDP placing third. However, in 1980, Trudeau reclaimed victory for the Liberals against Clark and Broadbent.

1974 July 8, 1972 October 30, and 1968 June 25.

Thrice defeated the PCs led by Robert Stanfield

History of Canada

How did Immigration affect the creation of Canada?

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) allow expedited immigration processing to meet provincial labour market and business needs. There are two types of PNP program, the skilled worker PNP for occupations in demand and the business immigration program designed to allow expedited immigration processing for experienced business people wishing to establish a new business invest money or joint ventures with a local business.

British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island and the Yukon all offer Provincial Nomination Programs.

Federal Business ImmigrationCanada's Business Immigration Program seeks to promote economic development and employment by attracting people with venture capital, business acumen and entrepreneurial skills. The Business Immigration Program currently falls under three categories of immigrants:
  • Entrepreneurs
  • Self-Employed
  • Investors
EntrepreneursCurrently, those wishing to come to Canada as Entrepreneurs must demonstrate their intention and ability to establish, purchase or invest in a business that will create or maintain employment for at least one (1) Canadian citizen or permanent resident other than a member of their family. Those applying under the Entrepreneur category will have conditions placed on their visas which require them to prove to Citizenship and Immigration Canada officials that:
  • they have purchased/invested in an existing business or have established a new business with net worth of at least $300,000 in Canadian funds;
  • they have made a significant capital investment in the business;
  • they have actively managed the business; and
  • they have created at least one (1) job for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada other than a member of their family. Once the requirements are complied with, conditions placed on their Visas are removed.
Self-EmployedThose interested in applying in the Self-Employed category must demonstrate an intent and an ability to create employment for themselves. Their endeavours must constitute a significant contribution to the Canadian economy or to Canada's cultural and/or artistic life. InvestorsAn Investor is defined as a person who has successfully operated or controlled or directed a business or commercial undertaking and who has accumulated, through his/her own endeavours, at least $800,000 in Canadian funds. Prior to visa issuance, Immigrant Investors must pay $400,000 to the Receiver General for Canada. The investment is subsequently allocated to the participating provinces and territories in Canada. Funds are used for job creation and economic development. The full amount of investment (without interest) is repaid to the investor after 5 years. The exact date of repayment depends on when the $ 400,000 is received by the Citizenship and Immigration Canada. The return of the investment is fully guaranteed by participating provinces and territories. Investors are not required to start any business in Canada nor are any conditions imposed upon admission to Canada. Family ClassCanadian citizens or Canadian permanent residents may sponsor for admission to Canada the following persons:
  • their Spouses, Common Law or Conjugal Partners 16 years or older
  • their dependant children as defined in the Immigration Regulations
  • their mother and father and any accompanying dependant children as defined in the Immigration Regulations
  • their grandparent(s)
  • brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces or grandchildren who are orphans; under the age of 18 and not married or in a common-law relationship.
Independent/Skilled Worker CategoryApplicants in this category must have a minimum of one (1) year of full-time work experience in an occupation designated A, O or B in Canada's National Occupations Category list. Assessment is according to selection criteria: age, education, occupation, occupational demand, years of work experience, English/French language ability, personal suitability and family in Canada, assessed by Citizenship and Immigration Canada officials. Applicants must attain a minimum score of sixty seven (67) points to be eligible. Live-in Caregiver ProgramTo work as a live-in caregiver in Canada, you must make an application to the Live-in Caregiver Program. If your application is successful, you will receive a work permit and after a period of two years full time employment out of three years can apply for permanent residency. To find out if you are eligible for a live-in caregiver work permit contact CIP Consulting today. Quebec Immigration CategoriesThe province of Quebec is unique in that it has the authority to select its own candidates for immigration. Applicants who succeed in the province of Quebec do retain the right to mobility in Canada once approved.

Quebec have the following immigration categories; skilled worker, business class, immigrant investor, immigrant entrepreneur, self-employed and family class.

RefugeePeople who fear living in or returning to their countries, need protection and want to come to Canada come in the Refugee category. Canada accepts thousands of refugees every year in order to follow its objective in Canada's Immigration Act stating "to fulfill Canada's international legal obligation with respect to refugees and to uphold its humanitarian tradition with respect to the displaced and persecuted". Canada's refugee protection system consists of two components:

Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program, for people seeking protection from outside Canada;

Asylum in Canada, for persons making refugee protection claims from within Canada.

Temporary Status CategoriesWork PermitsForeign workers whose skills are in short supply, or who can provide significant economic or other benefits to Canada, are issued Work Permit and admitted on a temporary basis. In many instances, a job validation from a Human Resources Skills Development Canada Centre (HRSDC) is required before the applicant can submit his/her Application for an Work Permit to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Study PermitsMost international students are required to have study permits to receive academic, professional or vocational training in Canada, if the course is longer than six months. Community college and university students may be issued authorizations which are valid for the duration of their program of study. Customary prerequisites are that the student:
  • has already enrolled in a government-approved academic institution;
  • has paid his/her tuition fees and been accepted by the academic institution; and
  • has to know English or French to follow course lectures and reading assignments
VisitorsThe Immigration Act requires all visitors, except those exempt by regulation, to obtain a Visitor Visa before coming to Canada. Applicants must demonstrate to visa officials that they have significant family, social, economic and cultural ties to their country of origin and that they have sufficient means to support themselves during their visit to Canada. Applicants must also satisfy visa officials that there is no risk that they will overextend their visit to Canada.Fill Out The Eligibility Form Latest News
  • 1,000 cap for NOC 1122 has been reached
  • Federal Investor Program Updates
  • BC PNP's New International Post-Graduates Pilot Project
  • New 29 Occupations in-Demand List
  • CIP Immigration Blog in English
  • We assist with
  • All Provincial Nominee Programs
  • Investor, Entrepreneur & Self Employed class
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  • IRB appeals & hearings
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  • Refugee cases

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History of Canada

What did the northwest coast Indians live in?

Longhouses or Log cabins.

History of Canada
Canadian Prime Ministers

Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?

The first Prime Minister of Canada was Sir John A. Macdonald. He was Prime Minister from 1867-1873 and from 1878-1891. His picture is also on the Canadian $10 bill.

History of Canada
French Revolution
Explorers and Expeditions

French settlers in Canada were mainly?

Many were Calvinists or Hugenots.


Although French Protestants (Hugenots or Calvinists) settled in New France, the predominate faith was Catholic.

Video Games
History of Canada

What capital city in Canada is known as The Crossroads City?

Quebec City because of the independence movement there. It is called this because it is basically stuck in the middle of British and French culture.

History of Canada
Decade - 1920s

What was Brian Mulroney's Childhood like?

He was apart of an Irish family of six children. He was part of an English-speaking Catholic minority. He learned his french from street friends.

Name Origins
History of Canada

What is the meaning of the word Canada?

The word kanada was later called as Canada. The meaning of the word is "Village".

Political Office Holders
History of Canada

What is Pierre Elliott Trudeau's birthday?

Pierre Elliott Trudeau was born on October 18, 1919.


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