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For an amendment to go into effect, two-thirds of the members of each house of Congress must approve it, and three-fourths of the states must ratify it. Congress decides whether the ratification will be by state legislatures or by popularly elected conventions in the states.

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12y ago
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16y ago

Article Five describes the process necessary to amend the Constitution. It establishes two methods of proposing amendments: by Congress or by a national convention requested by the states. Under the first method, Congress can propose an amendment by a two-thirds vote (of a quorum, not necessarily of the entire body) of the Senate and of the House of Representatives. Under the second method, two-thirds (2/3) of the state legislatures may convene and "apply" to Congress to hold a national convention, whereupon Congress must call such a convention for the purpose of considering amendments. As of 2007, only the first method (proposal by Congress) has been used. Once proposed—whether submitted by Congress or by a national convention—amendments must then be ratified by three-fourths (3/4) of the states to take effect. Article Five gives Congress the option of requiring ratification by state legislatures or by special conventions assembled in the states. The convention method of ratification has been used only once (to approve the 21st Amendment). Article Five currently places only one limitation on the amending power—that no amendment can deprive a state of its equal representation in the Senate without that state's consent. from wikipedia. reviewed by myself

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14y ago

To make a change to the US Constitution, either an amendment can be passed, or a constitutional convention is called. In the event of an amendment being passed, a bill is passed to both houses of the legislature, and the bill must then be aproved by a two-thirds majority in each. Once the bill has passed both houses, it goes on to the states. Because it can take a very long time to pass amendments Congress will usually put a time limit (typically seven years) for the bill to be approved and become an amendment. For a constitutional convention to be called, a certain number of the states (I believe it is 2/3, but am uncertain) must vote to call one. Then, the state representatives would all get together and work on forming the new constitution, or reforming the old one. The dangers of calling a constitutional convention (often nick-named a "concon") is that once in the convention, the entire constitution is on the table. Drastic and dangerous changes could be made.

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12y ago

Congress and a 2/3 majority of the states

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11y ago

Through the amendment process.

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14y ago

not many

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Q: Who makes the constitution?
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