History of Europe
Who was Odacer?
Asked in Roman Empire
How did the Roman empire military effect the fall of the Roman empire?
Asked in Roman Empire
Fall of Rome in 500 AD and 800 AD?
The fall of Rome is usually considered to have occurred in 476 A.D. when the Western Empire was taken over by the barbarian King Odacer. Emperor of the Eastern Empire (Xeno) recognized Odacer as a legitimate ruler of the Western Empire therefore causing a debate of Rome's actual "fall." As for falling in 800 AD, I suppose one could argue it "fell again" (the western empire) when Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of Rome (in 800 AD). Although there was already a crowned emperor of the western Roman empire at the time, Pope Leo III decided to crown him anyway. This I guess this could be a reason someone would be able to argue that Rome fell again. I personally think the point in which it started to slowly deteriorate was in the aforementioned date 476 B.C. thus causing it to die out slowly as oppose to an exact date in which it "fell." I'm no historian, just a history student and I hope this may help even if it is just a little bit. I'd site more sources, but I don't think you would care to look at the exact source I did because most sources give the facts that I gave.
Asked in History of Europe, Middle Ages, Roman Empire
How was rome after its fall?
Answer After Rome fell Europe went into a period called the Dark Ages. Life was miserable because of huge gaps between 95% poor and 5%rich (peasants and nobles /kings). People lived in fifes own by nobles separated from others and only cared for religion and ma tining them selfs. This period is called the dark ages because most people relied on religion and superstition instead of the light of reason Answer The West Roman Empire is said to have fallen in 476, but what actually happened that year was that Romulus Augustulus, the last emperor of the West, was deposed, and Odacer, who governed Italy at the time, had the Senate ask the East Roman Emperor to assume authority in the West. The East Roman Empire, which is called the Byzantine Empire today, continued to exist until 1453, calling itself the Roman Empire all along. The Roman Senate continued to function at least until after 600 AD in Rome, and Rome was controlled by the East Roman Empire for some time. The Roman Senate in Constantinople continued to function until after 1200. Conditions in the West were pretty chaotic during the time after 476, which has been called the Dark Ages, though the term is largely discouraged today because it has implications that are not valid. But the chaos was not continual. It had begun in about 235 AD, but was intermittent for some time, improving briefly during the period of about 295 to 330, and deteriorating more quickly after 395. Things started to get better in Rome about 580 AD, as a period of anarchy among the Lombards, who controlled much of Italy at the time, drew to an end. Please see the links below.
Asked in Roman Empire
What are the main contributions of Emperor valerian to Christianity?
There were several reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire. Each one connected with the other. Many even blame Christianity for the decline. Christianity made many Roman citizens into pacifists, making it more difficult to defend against the barbarian attackers. Also money used to build churches could have been used to maintain the Roman Empire. There were many public health and environmental problems. Many of the wealthy had water brought to their homes through lead pipes. Previously the aqueducts had even purified the water but at the end lead pipes were thought to be better. The wealthy death rate was very high. The blood and death spread disease. Those who lived on the streets in continuous contact allowed for a continues strain of disease much like the homeless in the poorer run shelters of today. Alcohol use increased. But one of the most difficult problems was choosing a new emperor. Unlike Greece, where transition may not have been smooth but was at least consistent, the Romans never created an effective system to determine how new emperors would be chosen. The choice was always open to debate between the old emperor, the Senate, the Praetorian Guard, and the army. Gradually, the Praetorian Guard gained complete authority to choose the new emperor. Maintaining an army to defend the border of the Empire from barbarian attacks was a constant drain on the government. The borders of Rome were Big and there was a lot of land that needed to be taken care of. Military spending left few resources for other activities, such as providing housing and maintaining roads. Frustrated, Romans lost their desire to defend the Empire. The empire had to begin hiring soldiers recruited from the unemployed city mobs or foreign counties. Such an army was not only unreliable, but very expensive. In order to keep the army happy they had to have gifts and money. Each emperor had to first gain the confidence of the army or outright bribe them and this lead to an uneasy peace within the Roman Empire. The emperors were forced to raise taxes often which in turned into increased inflation. For years, the disciplined Roman army held the barbarians of Germany back. Then in the third century A. D. the Roman soldiers were pulled back from the Rhine-Danube frontier to fight civil war in Italy. This left the Roman border open to attack. Gradually German hunters from the north began to overtake Roman lands in Greece and Gaul. Then in 476 A. D. the German general Odacer overthrew the last of the Roman Emperors. From then on the western part of the Empire was ruled by Germanic chieftain. Roads and bridges were left in disrepair and fields left not taken care of. Pirates made travel unsafe. Cities could not be maintained without goods from the farms, trade and business began to disappear. And Rome was no more in the West.