Dutch Boers, also called Afrikaner, lived in Africa since the 1600s. British people moved into South Africa and lived in the Cape Colony in the 1880s when rich gold mines were discovered. The white minorities became wealthy and gained enough power to create Apartheid. The thousands of laws handed political and economic power to the wealthy, racist, white minority. Steve Biko was a significant member of the "Black Consciousness Movement" and Nelson Mandela largely influenced the anti-apartheid movement.