Who was the first president to arbitrate over a labor dispute?
Theodore Roosevel to resolve Coal Strike of 1902
There are two requirements for a good arbitrator: a good understanding of the situation that requires arbitration, and a lack of bias. In our society, arbitration often is about a legal issue. In keeping with that, I'll give an example. A dispute is generated over a union member's compliance with a labor contract. An unbiased attorney who specializes in labor law might be a good "type" of person to arbitrate that dispute.
The American Federation of Labor was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States wich was founded in Columbus, Ohio. In 1881 the Federation of Trades and Labor Unions was founded. Five years later the organization changed its name to the American Federation of Labor. Based on the Trade Union Congress in Britain, the AFL's first president was Samuel Gompers. He held conservative political views and believed that trade unionists should…
Labor unions in Canada were on strike for shorter work hours. American labor leader Peter J. McGuire witnessed one of the unions parades and held a "labor day" on September 5, 1882. Labor Day was first celebrated to honor workers and give them a day of rest. President Cleveland declared it a national holiday to appeal to unions.
Benjamin Aaron has written: 'Emergency dispute settlement' 'Reference supplement (Labor relations and social problems)' 'Public-interest disputes and their settlement' -- subject(s): Collective bargaining, Labor disputes 'Judicial intervention in labor arbitration' 'Reference supplement (Labor relations and social problems : a course book)' 'Labor injunctions in the State courts' -- subject(s): Labor injunctions
Franklin Roosevelt was the first President to appoint a woman to his cabinet. In 1933 he appointed Frances Perkins to be Secretary of Labor. (The next president to appoint a women to his cabinet was Dwight Eisenhower in 1953.) Before that, she was appointed by FDR as New York's industrial commissioner when he was still the governor. She gained much respect in as a result of leading progressive reform and championing minimum wages and unemployment…