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In 63 BC the Roman army led by Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, took control of Judea and Jerusalem. This began the era of Roman rule over the Jews of Palestine. Roman policy of the time was one of paternal conciliation over its provinces and territories and was inclined to allow self government over certain subjects of Roman territories and acknowledged Herod the Great as a the king of the Jews in Palestine. Herod I was a shrewd politician and like the Romans he acknowledged the Sanhedrin as the high court amongst the Jews and self government was somewhat trickled down from Emperors of Rome to procurators who granted Kings and Queens certain authority to rule, who in turn granted certain authorities to the local rabbis and Talmudic scholars.

At the time that Jesus was born the great republic of Rome had disintegrated into the era of emperors that followed. Pompey was assassinated during Caesars civil war and Caesar declared himself Emperor of Rome and ruled until his own assassination and was followed by Octavian who ascended as the first official emperor of Rome and became known as Caesar Augustus and upon his death in 14 AD he was succeeded by Tiberius who ruled as Emperor at the time of Jesus death. Herod the great had been dead for ten years when Octavian ascended to power and his rule was divided amongst his sons, Herod Archelaus, Herod Antipas, and Herod Philip II. All three sons took power on 4 AD but by 6 AD Rome had removed the cruel and murderous Archelaus leaving Antipas and Philip II as the two remaining tetrarchs of Judea.

"A nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and then return...But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, "we do not want this man to reign over us"..."

Luke 19:12, 14

Herod Antipas is the Herod who faced Jesus upon his arrest. It was the Procurator Pontius Pilate who had handed Jesus to Herod Antipas but like the political hot potato Jesus was Antipas threw him right back at Pilate. Jesus was a political hot potato because of his politics, because of his lineage. Herod the Great or Herod I was elected as "king of the Jews" by a Roman senate and many Jews did not consider Herod to be a real Jew. It was because of the Maccabean John Hyrcanus who conquered Idumea somewhere between 130 and 140 BC and Hyrcanus had required all Idumeans to obey Jewish law or leave, thus Herod was the descendant of those who converted to Judaism in order to remain in Idumea.

The most important threat that Jesus posed to the Romans, Antipas and the Sanhedrin was that he actually possessed the lineage that gave him a legitimate right to the throne of Israel. He possessed royal lineage from both his adopted father Joseph and his mother Mary. Both descend from the house of David and Jesus was undeniably of the Davidic line and gave him a legitimate right to the throne. What made this even more difficult for the Romans, Antipas and the Sanhedrin was that unlike other would be king of the Jews, such as Judas of Gamalee who years earlier had led a revolt against Rome in an attempt to seize the throne, Jesus opted for diplomacy and a message of peace. Judas of Gamalee was easily quelled, Jesus Christ was a different matter.

While Jesus had a legitimate right to the throne of Israel under Jewish law, his message was less that of a monarch and more one of a priest or rabbi. He was a teacher and what he sought to instruct the Jews, what he seeks to instruct us all is that if there is any ruler at all, it is God. What Jesus preached was a message of self government where each of us as individuals was commanded to take responsibility for our actions and to take responsibility for those around us. When Jesus instructs to lend aid to the poor, he does not rebuke the governments for not doing more, he demands that we as individuals take up this responsibility. When Jesus commands we lend aid to the sick he does not rebuke governments for their lack of a universal health care policy, he instructs us to take up this responsibility for ourselves and for those around us. He preached a powerful message of personal freedom and of spiritual surrender to God. This made the Romans, Antipas and the Pharisees very nervous.

The triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem is the event where Jesus declares himself king of the Jews and his choice to ride upon an ass while next to a horse was significant in his gesture of peace he extended towards the Romans, Antipas and the Sanhedrin. The horse was a beast of war and was ridden for that purpose. The ass was a beast of burden and ridden for more domestic pursuits. By entering Jerusalem upon an ass right beside a riderless beast of war he was undeniably announcing his peaceful intent as rightful King of the Jews. What to do, what to do, what to do with such a shrewd politician as this Jesus Christ king of the Jews. The machinations set forth by Romans, Antipas and Caiphus and Annus makes Machiavelli look like Gandhi, and everyone spent their days looking for some legal way to arrest this revolutionary known as Jesus Christ. Finally, after securing a sworn testimony from the traitor Judas Iscariot Jesus was arrested and crucified as a political revolutionary.

That Jesus was thoroughly unimpressed with the Caesars is evident in his remark to render unto Caesar what is Caesars and to render unto God what is God's. That more and more Jews became unimpressed by Caesars and Roman Emperors culminated into the Great Jewish Revolt where the siege of Massada was made famous. From the time of Jesus death until now the Jews have made a steady progress towards self government as have many Christians and even Muslims. Who was the ruler of Jews when Jesus Christ died? The same ruler who ruled while Jesus lived, God. This was the message of Jesus Christ and more important than his life and death it is the message that matters, it is what he taught us that counts.

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Q: Who was the ruler of Jews when Jesus Christ died?
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Related questions

Do Christians blame the Jews for murdering Jesus?

I, as a Christian do NOT blame the Jews for 'murdering' Christ. Jesus Christ died for our sins, as our savior. He died so that Christians, or followers of Christ, would have their salvation with The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit after death. In other words, he was the perfect sacrifice. Christians who believe that Jesus was "Murdered" by Jews are simply those who have not studied enough. Some are just misinformed. It was pre-ordained. If the Jews murdered Jesus, then it would be by "stoning to death". Or; Granting that the Jews murdered Jesus; It was God who made the Jews His instrument for Jesus dying and saving mankind. Therefore, Christians should be thanking the Jews not hating them.


What way where the Christians treated after Jesus died?

There were no "Christians" after Jesus died. They were all Jews, some of whom believed Jesus Christ was the Son of God.


What did it say on the sign they put on top of the cross that jesus christ died on?

It said Jesus king of the Jews.


Did Jesus die for all our sins including the sins of Jews?

Jesus did die for the sins of both the Jews and Gentiles (non-Jews). However, after Christ's death and resurrection, many Jews chose not to believe in Jesus Christ. Therefore, those that do not believe are not saved. Although Jesus died for the salvation of all people, if people choose not to believe in Him, they cannot be saved.


Who first saw Jesus Christ died?

Many saw Jesus die, including the disciples, his mother and the Romans as well as Jews.


Why did the Nazis call Jews Christ killers?

It was an excuse for the holocaust and it is a misconception. No one killed Christ, he is alive. ________________________________________________________________ Because in the Bible the Jews called for Jesus to be crucified. (Then according to Christianity Jesus died and rose again).


Did Jesus support Hitler?

No, of course not. Jesus Christ was Jewish, how could He support a man who killed so many Jews, not to mention so many non-Jews? Christ also lived and died nearly 2000 years before Hitler.


Who do Christians believe in?

in Jesus Christ who died on a cross to save the whole world from their sinJohn 3:16They believe Jesus Christ is savior and the son of God, unlike the Jews who believe in God but not Jesus.


What emporor was im power when christ died?

The Roman emperor was Ceaser, as the Jews told Pilate if you release jesus, then you are not Censers friend.


How was did truly a sacrifice of jesus?

According to the old testament the Jews were to make a animal sacrifice for their sins. But after the death of Jesus on the cross at calvary . We no longer need to do it. Christ died for all of mankind.


Who was the tetrarch of Galilee when Jesus was born?

There was no Tetarch when Jesus Christ was born as Herod the Great was still alive and was ruler over all Israel. The kingdom was not split up until Herod the Great died.


What year did Jesus Christ die?

Jesus Christ died in the year of 33 AD .


How did Jesus Christ help form Christianity?

If Jesus Christ had not died on the cross or not have been resurrected there would be no Christianity. Jesus Christ is Christianity. Christ ---ianity.


What is the proof that Jesus Christ died on the cross?

There are many historical records of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.


Who was the Roman ruler in the time of Jesus?

Augustus Caesar.AnswerThe question is unclear. Augustus Caesar was the ruler of the Roman Empire when Jesus was born. Tiberius Caesar was the ruler of the Roman Empire when Jesus died. Herod the Great, although not rightfully the Jewish king of Judea, was appointed as such by Augustus Caesar and served in this capacity when Jesus was born. After Herod the Great died he was replaced by Herod Antipas who was the Roman puppet king of Judea when Jesus died. If the question is about the Roman procurator (governor) of Judea when Jesus died, he was Pontius Pilate who had twice been reprimanded by Tiberius Caesar for going too harshly on the Jews, and then he did everything within the limits of his office to spare Jesus from execution.


How did Christ die?

Jesus Christ died on the cross at Calvary.


Why do we show respect to the cross?

there's where Jesus Christ died on the cross. Jesus Christ saved us!!


Did Jesus Christ died on the cross?

Yes. Jesus died on the cross. We have historical record of this.


What do Jews believe about Jesus Christ's death?

Christian answer:In addressing a group of Jews about their role in the death of the Messiah, the apostle Peter said the words in Acts 3:14-17. Jesus' death would be beneficial-but not for the Jews only. His ransom sacrifice would provide the means to release all mankind from bondage to sin and death. Jewish answer:Jews believe that Jesus died in the same manner as other people and without any miracles or special significance.


What is the gospel acclamation?

Jesus Christ died on the cross, was buried and rose again the third day for Sinners. Jesus Christ the Son of God died for you.


What are the saints names that died on the cross with Jesus?

No saint died on the cross with Jesus christ , as jesus died on the cross for the sins of all mankind.


Who was the ruler of Rome when Christ died?

The ruler was Casser Ogustas. Sorry if it is the wrong spelling.


What does Jesus Christ mean?

"jesus is christ" ...He is the son of God almighty,and died 4 our sins,because He loves us......


Which god died for human?

jesus christ


How did Jesus die for real?

Jesus Christ died on a Roman Cross, by crucifixion.

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