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use of specific antibodies, x
The process of immunity is to produce specific antibodies that bind to antigens on the surface of pathogens. =]
antibodies are specific to a pathogen's antigen, it sticks the pathogen together with other pathogens, ruptures the organism or disables them. This stops you getting too many pathogens which give you diseases
B-cells produces antibodies that target specific pathogens so t-cells can then recognize it and consume it.
These proteins are called antigens and they have areas on them called epitopes where specific antibodies bind them is immune responses.
Be more specific? Viruses can be considered pathogens, but they are not considered living because they do not obey the cell theory.
the specific cells that produce antibodies are the B-cells
destroying pathogens requires three specific steps
Antibodies are specific in the sense that they will only bind to a very specific amino acid sequence. Amino acids are what make up proteins and antibodies will bind to a protein only if it has a very specific amino acid sequence.
When a pathogen (a disease or illness) gets in the body, white blood cells detect it and send out specific antibodies. These antibodies are shaped right to fit the antigens on the pathogen. Then the antibodies (attached to the pathogens) all clump up so it is easier for the white blood cell to engulf it (swallow it) and digest it. Then your body is rid of the disease or illness.
The blood cells detect the pathogen The pathogens release toxins The blood cells make antibodies to fit the toxins ( they have to be a specific shape) The antibodies stick the bacteria together ready to be engulfed by he white blood cells The White blood cells remember the antibodies needed for that pathogen so they can make antibodies quicker next time the pathogen invades
No its nonspecific. The cillia wave to move mucous up the airways creating what is known as the mucocilliary escalator which pushes pathogens and debrie up to the pharynx where it is then swallowed from and ends up in the stomach where it is destroyed. As this is the case for all pathogens and not any particular one it is nonspecific. Specific defenses are things like the actios of antibodies and lymphocytes.
B-cells and Antibodies
B-cell produce specific antibodies. These cells are activated by T cells. B-cells mature in the bone marrow, and T cell in the thymus.
Yes, each anitbody is specific to each antigen!
be more specific please.