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How do white blood cells recognize particular pathogens?

use of specific antibodies, x


Process of immunity?

The process of immunity is to produce specific antibodies that bind to antigens on the surface of pathogens. =]


How does producing antibodies protect you against disease?

antibodies are specific to a pathogen's antigen, it sticks the pathogen together with other pathogens, ruptures the organism or disables them. This stops you getting too many pathogens which give you diseases


How are B-cells involved in your specific defence?

B-cells produces antibodies that target specific pathogens so t-cells can then recognize it and consume it.


What are proteins that is foreign to the body?

These proteins are called antigens and they have areas on them called epitopes where specific antibodies bind them is immune responses.


What group does virus belong to?

Be more specific? Viruses can be considered pathogens, but they are not considered living because they do not obey the cell theory.


What specific cell produces antibodies?

the specific cells that produce antibodies are the B-cells


What are the three specific steps for destroying pathogens?

destroying pathogens requires three specific steps


What does it mean 'antibodies are specific'?

Antibodies are specific in the sense that they will only bind to a very specific amino acid sequence. Amino acids are what make up proteins and antibodies will bind to a protein only if it has a very specific amino acid sequence.


What do white blood cells do?

When a pathogen (a disease or illness) gets in the body, white blood cells detect it and send out specific antibodies. These antibodies are shaped right to fit the antigens on the pathogen. Then the antibodies (attached to the pathogens) all clump up so it is easier for the white blood cell to engulf it (swallow it) and digest it. Then your body is rid of the disease or illness.


What body system begins its work after a pathogen is introduced?

The blood cells detect the pathogen The pathogens release toxins The blood cells make antibodies to fit the toxins ( they have to be a specific shape) The antibodies stick the bacteria together ready to be engulfed by he white blood cells The White blood cells remember the antibodies needed for that pathogen so they can make antibodies quicker next time the pathogen invades


Is a cilia of the respiratory tract a specific defense of the body?

No its nonspecific. The cillia wave to move mucous up the airways creating what is known as the mucocilliary escalator which pushes pathogens and debrie up to the pharynx where it is then swallowed from and ends up in the stomach where it is destroyed. As this is the case for all pathogens and not any particular one it is nonspecific. Specific defenses are things like the actios of antibodies and lymphocytes.


What defense targets specific pathogens?

Lymphocytes


Which defense targets specific pathogens?

lymphocytes :)


What defense target specific pathogens?

Antigens


What is specific immune response?

making antibodies


What are the specific defenses?

B-cells and Antibodies


Antibodies target and attack specific what?

Antiggens


Which immune involves antibodies?

Specific response


Are Antibodies specific for one antigen?

Yes.


What is a specific immune response?

Making antibodies.


Which is a specific immune response?

making antibodies


What produces specific antibodies and send the antibodies out to perform their functions?

B-cell produce specific antibodies. These cells are activated by T cells. B-cells mature in the bone marrow, and T cell in the thymus.


Are antibodies specific to antigens?

Yes, each anitbody is specific to each antigen!


Prevent pathogens in air by?

be more specific please.