Why are the purposes for atomic bombs?
The purposes of atomic bombs are now to ensure mutually assured destruction. So many countries have atomic bombs now that if they were to launch one they would be destroyed by someone else.
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Because human beings are greedy and selfish.They want more land,oil,wealth and power.They couldn't think of any other ways to live peacefully with each other.But on the other …hand,they couldn't even live peacefully with their own self,much less with others. we know what happened to the people they dropped it on already,so why are officials still making them? why do human race have to resort to threatening,to terrorize and to kill,to make themselves feel "superior" to others? were all critics in the world with opinions that never seem to stop. but the real answer is to end the war quickly,we were losing thousand of American troops and we had our selfs out numbered and adding renforcements would exeed the death toll it was also a message to other countrys to show the power that which was bestowed to the us.
The atomic bomb creates a tremendous explosion that is more powerful than regular TNT bombs and one of the by products of the atomic reaction is radiation. Atomic and hydrogen… bombs create different types of damage and effects depending on where it is exploded. If it is exploded underground it has one type of effect. If the bomb is exploded in outer space, then there is no air so the explosion is dispelled in almost pure radiation and light energy. Answer They were also a major scare tactic. Let's face it. If your opponent has something that can wipe out most of an entire city, aren't you going to do as they say?
To destroy things easliy and quickly without head-to-head conflict. It is very effective and can devestate a city.
To save millions of lives by ending the war quickly. It worked!
The atom bomb was definitely made on purpose, and it required much effort to make it work. Splitting the atom is not the type of thing to be done accidentally. At the beginni…ng of the 20th century, the structure of the atom was believed to be like a "miniature solar system" with negatively-charged Electrons orbiting a positively charged nucleus of unknown structure. In 1919, Ernest Rutherford, a physicist from new Zealand, working in the UK, achieved the first artificial transmutation of an element when he changed several atoms of nitrogen into oxygen. In the process of changing nitrogen into oxygen, Rutherford detected a previously unknown high-energy particle with a positive charge - the Proton. In 1932, James Chadwick, a colleague of Rutherford, identified a further particle, the Neutron, so-named because it had no charge. From 1932 onwards, the atom was seen as comprising a positively charged nucleus, containing both protons and neutrons, circled by negatively charged electrons equal in number to the protons in the nucleus. Beginning in 1934, the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi began bombarding elements with neutrons, theorizing that Chadwick's uncharged particles could pass into the nucleus without being repelled. Like other scientists at the time, Fermi paid little attention to the possibility that matter might be annihilllated during bombardment and result in the release of huge amounts of energy in accordance with Einstein's formula, E=mc 2 , which stated that mass and energy were convertible. One element Fermi bombarded with neutrons was uranium, the heaviest of the known elements, producing "new" substancess in the process. Some scientists thought that the resulting substances were new "transuranic" elements, while others noted that the chemical properties of the substances resembled those of lighter elements. For several years, attempts to identify these substances dominated the research agenda in the international scientific community, with the answer coming out of Nazi Germany just before Christmas 1938. Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann were bombarding elements with neutrons in their Berlin laboratory when they made an unexpected discovery. They found that uranium nuclei broke into two roughly equal pieces and became not the new transuranic elements but radioactive barium isotopes and fragments of the uranium itself. The substances Fermi had created didn't just resemble lighter elements - they were lighter elements. The products of the Hahn-Strassmann experiment weighed less than that of the original uranium nucleus. Mass was being converted to energy. Fermi had produced fission in 1934 but had not recognized it. Fission caused the immediate release of enormous amounts of energy along with the additional emission of more neutrons. Given the right set of circumstances, these new neutrons might collide with other atoms and release more neutrons, in turn smashing into other atoms and, at the same time, continuously emitting energy. The possibility of such a "chain reaction" completely altered the prospects for releasing the energy stored in the nucleus. A controlled self-sustaining reaction could be used to generate a large amount of energy for heat and power, while an unchecked reaction could create an explosion of unbelievable magnitude. The "atomic bomb" became a scientific possibility. In the US, President Roosevelt responded to the call for government support of uranium research quickly but cautiously. The Advisory Committee on Uranium met for the first time on October 21, 1939. In early 1940 the committee, including both civilian and military representation, recommended that the government fund limited research on Fermi's work on chain reactions at Columbia University. Talks were held with the British government about ways of sabotaging any German efforts to produce nuclear weapons. In May, 1940, the German Army invaded Denmark, the home of Niels Bohr, the world's leading expert on atomic research. To prevent him from being forced to work for Nazi Germany, the British Secret Service arranged his escaped to Sweden before being moving to the United States. The Manhattan Project was set up in 1942, in the US under the command of Brigadier General Leslie Groves, to produce an allied atomic bomb. Scientists from around the world were brought together at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, including Enrico Fermi (Italy), James Chadwick (Britain), Niels Bohr (Denmark), Robert Oppenheimer (USA), David Bohm (USA), Leo Szilard (Hungary), Eugene Wigner (Hungary), Rudolf Peierls (Germany), Otto Frisch (Germany), Felix Bloch (Switzerland), James Franck (Germany), Emilio Segre (Italy), Klaus Fuchs (Germany) and Edward Teller (Hungary). A similar project existed in the USSR after September 1941, under Igor Kurchatov (with some of Kurchatov's breakthroughs coming secondhand from "spies" within the Manhattan Project). It was initially feared that Hitler was very close to developing his own bomb. The efforts undertaken in Germany, headed by Werner Heisenberg, made little progress, though. Many German scientists were said to express surprise to their Allied captors when the bombs were detonated in Japan.
It was originally invented as a more efficient method of transmuting elements for scientific experiments.
The purpose was to furthur America's strength & power over the rest of the world.
He needed to bring the end to the war.
Access to nuclear weapons is strictly controlled. Unless you are a member of the military, you will not get one. Attempting to make one is more likely to kill you from radiati…on poisoning, even if you could get the raw materials.
To end World War Two. If he didn't drop the bombs, the Allies wouldhave then invaded Japan. It would have cost over a million or moreAmerican lives, a similar number of Japane…se lives, and he had already authorized the use of chemical weapons during theinvasion if the Japanese resisted as strongly as they had in thelast several Pacific islands, so he thought it was best. It couldalso possibly avoid a division of Japan into communist anddemocratic zones, as had already happened in Europe and washappening in Korea, etc.
Yes it was and it was not an accident.
A Bottle of Chuck Norris's Fury
In Nuclear Weapons
What was the difference in function and purpose between the impact fuse on the MK-III atomic bomb and the contact fuse on the MK-5 atomic bomb?
The Mk-III had radar and barometric fuzing, as it was intended tobe detonated as an air burst. However, since nuclear weapons wereso secret, the Mk-III (Fat Man) atomic bomb h…ad four AN-219piezoelectric fuzes installed in its nose, which would destroy theweapon, and prevent any recognizable fragments of the weapon, andelements of its design from being salvaged by the enemy, that mightgive them an idea as to how it worked. The contact fuze on the Mk-5 nuclear bomb was used as a "salvagefuse," in other words, in case the radar fuses failed and the bombimpacted the ground, the contact fuses were meant to set off thefiring circuits to try and ensure a nuclear detonation. If the bombhit the ground, it would probably explode, but the explosion wouldnot create the symmetrical implosion which was necessary to producea nuclear yield.
In Japan in WW2
To show the power of the United States and cause fear to make japan surrender.
In World War 2
President Truman stated the he needed to end the war and to collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
In Nuclear Weapons
Fissile and/or fusible elements, chemical explosives to start the reaction, electronics to handle arming/disarming/firing, etc.
In Nuclear Weapons
If you are an industrialized nation, spend about 4 years building up the specialized industrial infrastructure to extract/manufacture the required special nuclear materials. T…hen you can start building simple weapons. The actual design and development of the weapons is relatively simple and can be conducted in parallel with the infrastructure construction.