I'm hoping you want to know who the Australian bases are named after. While it is possible that some people were named after the bases, I'm not sure how to find that out. Mawson Station was named after Antarctic explorer Sir Douglas Mawson. Davis Station was named after Captain John King Davis, a famous Antarctic navigator and captain. Casey Station was named after Richard Gavin Gardiner Casey, Baron Casey, an Australian politician and diplomat.
some scientists explore the deserts to see the culture of different cultures. Each desert has it's own culture, there not all the same. Also they might explore it because they want to explore different place and tours in the desert, they may also want to look at the art there i think the desert it a very interesting place to explore