Why do land surfaces heat more rapidly than water surfaces?
Because sunlight penetrates to greater depths in land than in
Land is dry, but water washes up onto water surfaces making it wet.
Water circulates so more of it must be heated (or cooled) to change temperature. With the land, only the top few inches change temperature at first--it takes awhile for the warmth to penetrate. So terrestrial surface measurements rise much faster in the morning and cool down faster in the evenings--the water tends to remain closer to the same temperature day and night.
The oceans (and to a lesser extent, lakes) have a moderating effect on climate because water can absorb excess heat and does not lose heat as rapidly as land surfaces. So in the winter, open seas will provide heat to coastal land areas. They can, however, add moisture as well, which in some areas could increase cloud cover and precipitation, and potentially lower temperatures as well.
What are two reasons why bodies of water heat up more slowly than land masses when both surfaces receive an equal amount of sunlight?
The radiation from the sun is heating them both the same. However, the sun penetrates the surface water and water at a great depth. This is because the water is transparent and lets energy pass through. On the other hand, the sun only heats up the top layer of the land. This is because the land is a solid. A solid is opaque and does not let energy through. Also, since water is transparent meaning…
Even in the absence of major wind systems or rain showers, there will still often be a coastal breeze because sunlight heats land surfaces more rapidly than sea surfaces. During the day this generates rising air and a breeze blowing from the sea onto the shore. During the night, the land cools more rapidly so there is sinking air flowing from the shore to the sea. Daytime winds are generally sea breezes and night winds…