The environmental effects of gold mining are not pleasant. It relies heavily on the use of toxic chemicals and produces so much waste that it is hard to grasp it. See below how much waste the gold to make a single gold ring produces.
The mining camp produces 5 stone.
The gold rushes existed because gold was first found on the surface. Much of the gold was extracted by panning . Actual mining , digging deeper , came later.
quite a lot
gold mining, diamond mining, coal mining etc.
Depends on which kind of waste is used for the production.
2.2 kilograms waste each day
6 millon tons