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Answered 2009-05-05 03:22:01

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What battle convinced general Lee he would have to give up Petersburg?

The Battle of Five Forks, where his Right Flank was defeated, convinced Lee that both Richmond and Petersburg had to be evacuated.


How did general Lee prevent union forces from taking Richmond?

By defending Petersburg throughout a nine-month siege.


Where did general Lee surrender to general Grant?

General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865 after defeats at Vicksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg.


In which 1864 battle did general ulyssis grant move towards Richmond and surrounded general Robert E. Lee and his troops?

Petersburg


Which direction did general Robert lee move his troops after he left petersburg?

west


Where did Lee surrender to Grant?

General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865 after defeats at Vicksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg.


Why did lee withdraw from petersburg?

Lee chose to withdraw from Petersburg in order to meet up with General Joseph Johnson. However, General George Meade of the Union Army intercepted the column and Richmond soon fell. This led to the surrender at Appomattox not long after.


Why did general lee leave virginia and Petersburg?

Because after the Battle of Five Forks, on Apr. 1, 1865 and the breakthrough of his front, Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia were about to be encircled. Therefore he decided that Petersburg and Richmond had to be evacuated.


What measures did General Lee believe were necessary to protect Richmond from General Butler's operations from Virginia's coast?

General Lee saw that if successful, General Butler's operations would place Union troops between the cities of Richmond and Petersburg. His solution to the problem was to have all Rebel troops not needed in the Carolinas to march north to help him protect Richmond and Petersburg. It should be stated that at this point in time, the late Spring of 1864, Lee was outnumbered by Grant's total forces by two to one.


In which direction did General Robert E Lee move his troops after he left Petersburg?

west


In which direction did General Robert E. Lee move his troops after he left Petersburg?

West


What was the siege of Petersburg Virginia?

Since the beginning of the US Civil War, repeated attempts by the Union to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond met with multiple failures. Late in the war, the Union strategy to take down Richmond, was to capture the Virginia city of Petersburg. Petersburg was an important railway hub from which Richmond was supplied. Its location was approximately 25 miles south of Richmond. As was Richmond, Petersburg was well fortified and Union General Grant failed in his assaults. Since that wasn't working, Grant decided to lay siege to Petersburg and once it fell, the city of Richmond was in dire straits. Finally after a 10 month siege, Southern general Lee finally yielded to the pressure and evacuated his armies from both Richmond and Petersburg.


What was the purpose of the Union siege of Petersburg?

In order to capture the Confederate capital city of Richmond, Grant wanted to cut the railway supply line that ran from Petersburg Virginia, north to Richmond. So far repeated Union attempts to take Richmond had failed. At least three or more Union tries at this goal were repulsed. Both Richmond & Petersburg we well fortified. Since attacking Petersburg seemed impossible with Confederate General Lee commanding the defence of both cities, Grant decided to lay siege to Petersburg in order to hope for a surrender. Almost 10 months passed before the siege succeeded. Because of the length of the siege, Lee had no choice but to withdraw from both Richmond & Petersburg. Grant cut the supply lines to Richmond. With Lee gone Grant;s forces were finally able to take Richmond. Lincoln, who had waited years to have this done, paid a visit to the captured city.


Who was the general that defeat lee at petersburg?

U.S. Grant


What operations did Union General US Grant undertake to place pressure on Petersburg and Richmond?

US Grant began operations to the south of Petersburg to cut the city's supply and communication lines, and to the north of the James River to endanger Richmond or cut the Virginia Central Railroad. These actions were of great concern to Confederate General Robert E. Lee.


Who was the confederate general of the battle of petersburg?

General Robert E. Lee was in overall command of the Confederate forces at the battle of Petersburg.


Where did General Beauregard try to defeat Grant?

The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign. Petersburg, Virginia. Generals Grant and Meade -vs- Generals Lee and Beauregard. Over 104,000 soldiers engaged and almost 12,000 casualties. Confederate Victory.


What was it called when the Union attacked the Confederate capital?

A series of battles occurred in the drive on Richmond. They are known as the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign and included the Siege of Petersburg. The battles in this series lasted from June, 1864 until March 25, 1865. A final quick succession of battles led General Lee to abandon Richmond to the Union on April 3, 1865.


What cities capture was the final confederate loss before General Lee was forced to surrender?

Not really a city. It was Petersburg. But it was the last point of protection in front of Richmond, Virginia. By the time Lee surrendered, the Confederates were burning the cotton that lay in the streets of Richmond. This was what caused the city to burn down.


Confederate general at Richmond?

Robert E. Lee


What Confederate general took over the Richmond defenses when General Lee replaced General Joseph Johnston in 1862?

When General Lee was called to replace the wounded Joseph Johnston to stop the Union's Peninsula campaign, he left General Gustavus W. Smith to defend Richmond. Smith was ready having recovered from an illness in early June 1862.


What prevented Lieutenant General Robert E. Lee from moving south to link up with General Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina?

The Union siege of Petersburg did not completely cut off General Lee's links to Richmond. He could still communicate via rail and road to Richmond. And, General Grant's line below Petersburg stopped just short of the Southside Railroad. Based on that, Lee could still use that railway to withdraw to North Carolina and link up with General Johnston's remaining army. However, any movement away from Richmond would end in the capture of the Confederate capital and President Davis would not allow that.


What are some Interesting facts about siege of Petersburg?

The US Civil War siege of Petersburg was important in a number of ways: 1. Despite overwhelming odds, the North was unable to break through the elaborate fortification system devided by General Robert E. Lee and his generals; 2. The key to the capture of Petersburg would lead to the fall of Richmond as the supply route by rail and road ran from Petersburg to Richmond; 3. As with Petersburg, the fortifications of Richmond were designed perfectly; 4. One Union plan to break the siege on Petersburg was a tunnel under the fortifications. That failed; and 5. It took ten months but the siege was finally a success.


When did general lee force general mcClellan to retreat from the Richmond area?

Summer of 1862


Where did General Lee serrender?

Appomattox Court House, near Petersburg, Virginia


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