Why is the term for justices seven years?
United States Supreme Court justices are actually appointed for life. You must be referring to judges on some other court, which you would need to specify in your question.
The Supreme Court of Virginia is composed of seven justices elected by a majority vote of each House of the General Assembly for a term of twelve years. Interim appointments are made by the Governor subject to election by the General Assembly at the next regular session. By law, the Chief Justice is chosen by the majority vote of the seven justices (http://www.courts.state.va.us/cib/cib.htm).
Article III of the Constitution specifies that justices "shall hold their offices during good behavior." That is to say, no numerical term limits are placed upon the offices of Chief Justice or Associate Justice, whereas the Constitution places specific term limits, stated in numbers of years,upon the offices of President and Vice-president, and members of Congress.
The Supreme Court of the United States seats nine justices. Some states may seat seven or even fewer. Congress determines the number of justices primarily on the basis of how many they believe are needed to handle the Court's caseload and other responsibilities.The number of US Supreme Court justices has not changed since the Judiciary Act of 1869.
Vermont established its high judiciary in 1782, eight years before the inception of the U.S. Supreme Court. The state supreme court has always seated just five Justices, comprising a Chief and four Associates. The Governor appoints Justices selected from a pool of nominees chosen by the Judicial Nominating Board. The appointees must then be confirmed by the Vermont State Senate. The term of office is six years.
SCOTUS (Supreme Court Of The United States) justices do not have a term limit because they are elected to serve a life term. However, justices can also retire, but usually do so only when the current (or incoming) president has agreeing views with this justice, so he/she is likely to replace the retiring justice with a new justice who also has similar views/opinions. Retiring justices do this in order to "maximize" their historical impact.
There is none. Although US Supreme Court justices and other Article III judges receive lifetime appointments, there is no minimum (or maximum) required term of service. The average tenure on the Court is currently 25.5 years, indicating most justices prefer to make longterm careers, despite being eligible to retire with full benefits after only ten years' service (if age 70 or older; 15 years, if age 65). Several justices have resigned after only a few…
They are never elected nor are they re-elected or re-confirmed. The US Supreme Court Justices are appointed for life. They are nominated by the President and then confirmed by the U S Senate. On the other hand, state supreme court justices often have term limitations. In those states where justices are elected or reconfirmed periodically, the reelection process is instituted because justices may be eligible to serve multiple terms, and are placed on the court…
The formal name of the highest West Virginia appellate court is the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. The court comprises five justices who are appointed by the Governor when a vacancy arises, but must be confirmed by voters in a partisan general election (meaning they are identified by party affiliation). The Chief Justice is chosen annually by members of the Court. The term of office for justices is twelve years.