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The Supreme Court uses judicial review to declare laws passed by Congress (Legislative Branch) to be invalid if they are contrary to the Constitution. While the justices may only review laws that are relevant to a case or controversy before the Court, it is not uncommon for parties to challenge bad laws with "test cases" (where plaintiffs allegedly harmed by a particular law are solicited and usually sponsored by an organization wanting to overturn the law). These usually take years to work their way through the legal system, however.

Chief Justice John Marshall clearly affirmed the power of judicial review in the case Marbury v. Madison, (1803), when the Court declared Section 13 of the Judicial Act of 1789 unconstitutional.

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Q: How does the US Supreme Court limit the power of Congress?
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How does the Supreme Court limit the of congress?

The Supreme Court holds the power of judicial review, meaning it can declare a law unconstitutional. The law would then be repealed, checking the power of congress. (see Marbury V. Madison)


How can the supreme court check congress power to makes laws?

The U.S. Supreme Court has the power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.


How does the supreme court control power of the congress?

When a law is passed the Supreme Court can decide if it is constitutional.


Where did the constitution vest the judicial power of the United States?

Article III of The Constitution vests the whole judicial power of the United States in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as Congress shall, from time to time, ordain and establish. Congress is permitted to organize it.


How can the supreme court check the power of congres?

The Supreme Court can check the power of Congress by ruling legislation passed by Congress is unconstitutional. The Supreme Court can do this when they a presented with an opportunity to hear a case which disputes a law. The supreme court's decision is final because it is the highest court in America.


How can the president check the power of the Supreme Court and the congress?

Congress has the ability to overrule the President's veto power with a 2/3 majority vote. Furthermore, Congress has the power to impeach the President, and must confirm the President's choices (i.e. appointment of the Supreme Court, etc.). Congress checks the Supreme Court in a few ways as well. First of all, it has to confirm the President's appointments of Supreme Court judges. It also has the power, once again, of impeachment, and has the ability to amend the Constitution.


Congress is granted power to establish courts inferior to what?

Supreme court


How does congress limit the power of the president?

One way congress can limit the power of the president is by refusing or accepting who the president nominates for the Supreme Court. Congress can also veto a bill the president passes if they get a two thirds majority vote.


Who has the power to declare a law passed by congress unconstitutional?

The Supreme Court has the authority to interpret the Constitution.


Power of the supreme court to examine laws passed by congress?

judicial review


Who has the power to grant Letters of marquis?

wither the president or congress or supreme court


What is the following enables the supreme court to deem acts of the president and of congress unconstitutional?

The power of judicial review.seperation of powers