answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

The Eleventh Amendment revoked the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction over disputes "between a state and citizens of another state," due to the Court's decision in Chisholm v. Georgia, (1793), in which the Jay Court decided the states lacked sovereign immunity from being sued for debt acquired during the Revolutionary War. Congress and the states rightfully feared this could bankrupt the states, and quickly passed the Eleventh Amendment.

The Supreme Court later decided the Eleventh Amendment should be extended to include disputes between a state and its own citizens.

Amendment XI

"The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state."

States can be sued in federal court by other states, and by individuals or other entities if the state waives its sovereign immunity, however. State government officials may be sued by name for injunctive action, under the theory that the individual cannot invoke protection for a wrongdoing under sovereign immunity, because such behavior is not authorized or sanctioned by the state. If the court finds in favor of a plaintiff's case, the state is responsible for undertaking ordered corrective action, but not for any equitable (monetary) damages (because that would be tantamount to suing the state treasury).

Additional Notes:

  • States may remove actions against private citizens to federal court.
  • The United States may initiate action against a state in federal court.
  • One state may initiate action against another state in federal court.
  • States may waive their Eleventh Amendment protection and allow private parties to initiate action in federal court, but this is a discretionary action.
  • State sovereign immunity does not extend to municipalities within a state.
User Avatar

Wiki User

13y ago
This answer is:
User Avatar
More answers
User Avatar

Wiki User

13y ago

The Eleventh Amendment, which was ratified in reaction to a Supreme Court decision in Chisholm v. Georgia, (1793), in which the Court declared the states lacked sovereign immunity from being sued for debt incurred to US citizens during the Revolutionary War.

"The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State."

Additional Notes:

  • States may remove actions against private citizens to federal court.
  • The United States may initiate action against a state in federal court.
  • One state may initiate action against another state in federal court.
  • States may waive their Eleventh Amendment protection and allow private parties to initiate action in federal court, but this is a discretionary action.
  • State sovereign immunity does not extend to municipalities within a state.
This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What amendment says states cannot be sued in federal court?
Write your answer...
Submit
Still have questions?
magnify glass
imp
Continue Learning about American Government

Because of this amendment a state cannot be sued in a federal court by a foreign country or a private citizen?

amendment 11


What is the highest court in the state or federal court system of which it is part?

The highest court in the federal system is the United States Supreme Court, with nine Supreme Court Justices. The states do not share jurisdiction with the federal court, so the states courts are not a part of the federal court system. Each state decides what it calls its highest court. In Texas, there is a separate court for civil versus criminal cases.


After the Supreme Court decision in Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Progressives sought to create a federal income tax by?

After the Supreme Court decision in Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust, Progressives sought to create a federal income tax by Constitutional amendment.


Highest court in the United States?

The US Supreme court is the highest Federal court in the United States.


Facts of the case of gitlow v. New York?

Gitlow v. New York, 268 U.S. 652 (1925), was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States holding that the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution had extended the reach of certain limitations on federal government authority set forth in the First Amendment-specifically the provisions protecting freedom of speech and freedom of the press-to the governments of the individual states. It was one of a series of Supreme Court cases that defined the scope of the First Amendment's protection of free speech and established the standard to which a state or the federal government would be held when it criminalized speech or writing.

Related questions

Because of this amendment a state cannot be sued in a federal court by a foreign country or a private citizen?

amendment 11


Because of this amendment a state cannot be sued in a federal court by a foreign country or a private citizen.?

amendment 11


As a citizen of Alabama a person tried to sue the state of Texas in federal court but the courts said this could not be done because of which amendment?

The Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits citizens from suing a state in federal court without the state's consent. This amendment was ratified in response to a Supreme Court case that allowed private individuals to sue states in federal court.


Do we still need the 11th Amendment?

Yes, the 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is still relevant. It restricts the ability of individuals to sue states in federal court, preserving states' sovereign immunity. This amendment continues to play a significant role in defining the relationship between the federal government and state governments.


In what case did the Supreme Court refuse to incorporate the Second Amendment to the States via the 14th Amendment?

United States v. Cruikshank, 92 US 542 (1876)The US Supreme Court held the Second Amendment only applied to the Federal government, and that gun regulation was a state's rights issue.


What kinds of poweres may states exercise?

a state cannot be sued by its own citizens, by citizens of another state, or by a foreign country in federal court. This amendment modified Art. III, Sec. 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution.


How does the US Supreme Court typically use the Fourteenth Amendment?

The Supreme Court uses the Fourteenth Amendment Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses to selectively incorporate individual clauses in the Bill of Rights to the states in order to make federal legislation and US Supreme Court decisions enforceable against and within the states. Without the Fourteenth Amendment, Supreme Court decisions would not be enforceable against any body except the federal government. For more information, see Related Questions, below.


Can you take the 5th amendment in family court?

No, you cannot.


Can you sue a state in state court?

You cannot sue a state in state court.The Eleventh Amendment, ratified to protect the states from the Supreme Court's decision in Chisholm v. Georgia, (1793), initially only protected states from being sued in federal court by citizens of another state. In Hans v. Louisiana, the Supreme Court ruled that a citizen cannot sue their own state either, based on principles of state sovereign immunity and federalism.Then in Alden v. Maine, the Court extended sovereign immunity further, and prohibited private suits against states in state court as well.Therefore, the bottom line is that citizens cannot sue states, state entities, or state officials in their officialcapacities (Citizens can sue state officials as individuals.There are, however, a few limitations to state sovereign immunity: First, a state can be sued if they consent to the suit. Second, Congress (under the 14th Amendment) can make a state subject to money damages if the state violates civil rights of individuals. And third, the federal government and the states waive their immunity in certain cases, such as tort cases.Additional Notes:States may remove actions against private citizens to federal court.The United States may initiate action against a state in federal court.One state may initiate action against another state in federal court.States may waive their Eleventh Amendment protection and allow private parties to initiate action in federal court, but this is a discretionary action.State sovereign immunity does not extend to municipalities within a state.


Why is the 11 amendment is important?

The 11th amendment protects a state from lawsuits filed by citizens of other states or countries. Example: A Californian can't sue Florida.


What role did the U.S supreme court play in ending reconstruction?

The Court restricted the scope of the Fourteenth Amendment by leaving its enforcement up to the states.


Which type court would a person accused of violating a constitutional amendment would be tried in?

federal court