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Congress created a rudimentary federal court system in The Judiciary Act of 1789. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a US Supreme Court, the Court was actually established by the same 1789 legislation.

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12y ago

In the federal government, only Congress has constitutional authority to create (and dismantle) courts other than the US Supreme Court.

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Q: Who created all federal courts except the Supreme Court?
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How are all courts except the us supreme court established?

Congress created a rudimentary federal court system in The Judiciary Act of 1789. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a US Supreme Court.

The functions of the Supreme Court include each EXCEPT?

Hearing cases from state courts if they don't involve federal law

What power does Congress have to influence the U.S. judicial system?

They don’t have any power except for who they approve for federal and supreme courts.

When will the federal courts rule on same-sex marriage?

Federal District Courts, Courts of Appeals and even Bankruptcy Courts have all ruled on the issue of same-sex marriage. All that remains is the US Supreme Court. This is scheduled to happen by the end of June 2013.

Does the US President have direct authority over federal courts and state courts?

No. The federal courts are part of the Judicial branch of government, which is co-equal to, and independent from, the Executive branch (the US President). The President has no authority over federal courts, except for having the power to nominate federal judges and US Supreme Court justices when vacancies arise during his term of office.The President has no authority whatsoever over state courts.

What federal courts have appellate jurisdiction?

All article III federal (constitutional) courts, except lower courts of limited jurisdiction (for example, the Court of International Trade), have appellate jurisdiction. Although US District Courts are primarily courts of original jurisdiction (trial courts), they are also used sometimes used as appellate courts for Article I tribunals, such as Social Security Disability appeals. Most federal appellate cases are heard by the US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts; a few are heard by the Supreme Court of the United States.

Is superior court lower than a supreme court?

Yes, except in New York state where the "supreme courts" are the trial courts of the system.

Can Supreme Court be dissolved?

No. Article III of the Constitution requires the federal government to establish and maintain a Supreme Court, and prevents Congress from removing individual justices except by impeachment. Congress has some control over the structure of all the federal courts, but it doesn't have the power to dissolve the US Supreme Court.

List the different levels of federal courts found in each state?

In the United States, the federal court system includes district courts, courts of appeals, and the Supreme Court. Each state has at least one district court, which is the lowest level of the federal court system. Courts of appeals hear appeals from the district courts, and the Supreme Court is the highest court in the federal system, hearing cases from the courts of appeals or state supreme courts.

How many Supreme Courts does the US federal judicial system have?

AnswerThe United States has one Supreme Court in the federal judicial system. There are Regional and District Federal Courts through which cases of a federal nature are appealed and heard. Each of the 50 states has a court, usually referred to as the (State) Supreme Court, that has the responsibility of interpreting the constitution of that state. These courts are not part of the federal judicial system.See Related Questions for more information about the federal judicial system.

Which courts are directly below the Supreme Court?

The second highest court is the U.S. Court of Appeals for the [Specific] Circuit (e.g., US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit), comprising twelve regional and one U.S. Federal Circuit. The Court of Appeals oversees the United States District Courts (trial courts), which have original jurisdiction over federal cases heard within their assigned territories.At the individual state level, the highest court is the [State] Supreme Court, which is subordinate to the U.S. Supreme Court on all issues except those involving the state legislature and state constitution, provided the legislation or state constitution doesn't violate federal law or US Constitutional mandates.

Who hears evidence in a court?

In a court case evidence brought in would be presented to the Judge and the Jury. The Jury is a group of people who decided the innocent or guilty verdict. A Judge only issues a punishment to the convicted.