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The difference between convalent and ionic bonding is that:

Convalent; attraction of 2 atoms for shared pair of electrons that holds atom 2getther

in other words (they share electrons)

Ionic; attractive force between 2 ions of opposite charge (gains or loses electrons)

  • ex: Na (+) Cl (-) = NaCl


----------------Ask your self, is there a Metal?-------------------------------------------------------

Ionic----------------------------------------------------- Covalent

Yes ---------------------------------------------------------No

Transfers of electrons ------------------------"Sharing of electrons

Use charges----------------------------------------- Use prefiixes


Ionic bonding consists of 1 metal and 1 non metal. they transfer electrons. since metals usually have less valence electrons (outer most layer of electrons) they usually give away there electrons, so that layer would disappear and the layer under that would be full. non-metals just need a few more and it would be easier to get electrons rather then give all of theres away! so the metal gives 1 or two (depends if they're alkali or alkaline metals) to the non-metal making there outermost layer full!

Covalent bonding is just two non- metals sharing there electrons. you can look up the electron dot diagram for more information on that! :D hehe there ya go :) ENJOY! good studying for my 8th grade test tomorrow! :]

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Q: What is the difference between covalent and ionic bonding?
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What are the similar  between ionic and covalent bonding?

Ionic and covalent bonding involve electrons. Ionic bonding involves the loss and gain of electrons, form ions. Covalent bonding involves the sharing of electrons.

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Sodium hydroxide is an ionic compound which disassociates in to Na+ and OH- ions in solution.

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Ionic is when a negatively charged atom or group of atoms (anion) bonds with a positively charged atom or group of atoms (cation). Covalent bonding is when electron pairs are shared between atoms. Ionic bonds are generally much stronger than covalent bonds and are between a metal and a nonmetal while covalent bonds are between nonmetals.

What makes a covalent bond different from an ionic bong?

The most obvious difference is that covalent bondingoccurs between non-metals, whereas ionic bondingoccurs between a metal and a non-metal.Covalent bonding is also a bonding process which shares electrons, whereas ionic bonding is a bonding process in which electrons are transferred. This would therefore also affect the way in which you draw dot and cross diagrams for a covalent compound versus an ionic compound.

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