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Metals are very good conductors of heat, since they are held close together and are able to transfer heat easily from one atom to the next. therefore, the amount of energy needed to heat a metal is very low.

This is unlike water, which has a very high specific heat capacity. This is because water has intermolecular dipole-dipole bonds that hold the molecules tightly. These bonds do not allow the water to move freely when heated; thus, it takes a great amount of heat to move the molecules, causing water to have a high specific heat capacity.

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Typically metals make good conductors because they have much more loosely bound electron clouds than insulators. By the same token, those electron clouds have greater ability to store heat in their elevated energy states than the more tightly bound clouds of insulators. The same is also true of the vibrational energy of the metal nuclei compared to the nuclei of insulators which allow much less vibration and can consequently store less vibrational energy.

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Q: Why do metals have such a low specific heat?
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Related questions

Which metal has the highest specific heat capacity?

No. Metals have a relatively low specific heat.

Why are metals good conducted of heats?

If you haven't learned in your chemistry class about specific heat you will and metal has a very low specific heat. Water has a specific heat of is about 4.18 Joules/g, but most metals are underneath 1 making them be more susceptible to heat changes.

What has higher specific heat water or lead?

Water has much higher specific heat than lead. All metals have fairly low specific heat values.

Many common metals have a specific heat of what?

There is not a common specific heat among metals. The specific heat of metals ranges from .12 J / kg K for uranium to 1.83 J / kg K for Beryllium.

Does mercury has low specific heat?

yes, it has low specific heat capacity

Does sand have a high or low specific heat capacity?

sand have low specific heat capacity.

Are metals generally have low specific gravity?


Does water have a relatively low specifc heat?

No, water's specific heat capacity is quite high actually, compared to metals which are very low. Water's specific heat is 4.18 Jewels Per Grams X Degrees Celsius where a metal such as Iron is only 0.45. Water is used in many different applications to store heat because of this

What is the effect of heat energy on alkali metals?

The melting point of alkali metals is low.

Why is it that wood feels less hot than metal?

Because it is less dense. The ability of a material to absorb or retain heat is governed by its molecular density, and is known as "specific heat". Wood, which is cellulose, has a much lower density than metals, and will both heat more slowly and cool more quickly in air. Lighter metals, such as aluminum, similarly display a substantially lower ability to retain heat than denser metals such as iron. When cooling materials, light metals or porous wood can be effectively cooled by the air (a low specific heat), while other denser substances are more effectively cooled by water (higher specific heat, and can absorb heat by evaporating).

The fact that desert sand is very hot in the day and very cold at night is evidence that sand has a low specific heat capacity or high specific heat capacity?

It has a very low specific heat because it absorbs and releases heat energy very readily.

What substances that heat and cool quickly have a high or low specific heat?

A substance that has a low specific heat needs less heat to increase its temperature. In other words under a constant heat flux it will heat or cool more quickly than the higher specific heat substances.