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LSDOU - Local Site Domain Organizational Unit

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Q: What acronym describes the order in which GPOs are applied?
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What represents the correct order in which GPOs are applied to an object that falls within the GPO's scope?

Local, site, domain, organizational unit


What is the name of the method which active directory uses to determine which of conflicting settings in different GPOs is applied?

Last writer wins


What is the order in which GPOs are applied?

Local, Site, Domain, OU Group Policy settings are processed in the following order: 1:- Local Group Policy object-each computer has exactly one Group Policy object that is stored locally. This processes for both computer and user Group Policy processing. 2:- Site-Any GPOs that have been linked to the site that the computer belongs to are processed next. Processing is in the order that is specified by the administrator, on the Linked Group Policy Objects tab for the site in Group Policy Management Console (GPMC). The GPO with the lowest link order is processed last, and therefore has the highest precedence. 3:- Domain-processing of multiple domain-linked GPOs is in the order specified by the administrator, on the Linked Group Policy Objects tab for the domain in GPMC. The GPO with the lowest link order is processed last, and therefore has the highest precedence. 4:- Organizational units-GPOs that are linked to the organizational unit that is highest in the Active Directory hierarchy are processed first, then GPOs that are linked to its child organizational unit, and so on. Finally, the GPOs that are linked to the organizational unit that contains the user or computer are processed. At the level of each organizational unit in the Active Directory hierarchy, one, many, or no GPOs can be linked. If several GPOs are linked to an organizational unit, their processing is in the order that is specified by the administrator, on the Linked Group Policy Objects tab for the organizational unit in GPMC. The GPO with the lowest link order is processed last, and therefore has the highest precedence. This order means that the local GPO is processed first, and GPOs that are linked to the organizational unit of which the computer or user is a direct member are processed last, which overwrites settings in the earlier GPOs if there are conflicts. (If there are no conflicts, then the earlier and later settings are merely aggregated.)


In what order does Windows Server 2003 process Gpos?

Local GPOs, Site GPOs, Domain GPOs, Organizational unit GPOs. Solution: Server 2003 processes the local group policy object (GPO) first, followed by the site, domain, and applicable organizational units (OUs). The client requests a GPO list from the domain controller (DC) and then processes that list to apply the policies contained in the GPO(s). The client processes the GPOs according to the priority in the DC-supplied list. Windows Server 2003 processes GPOs at startup and logon and also when the GPO refresh period is reached, which by default is 90 minutes.


What allows the Group Policy processing order to circle back and reapply the computer policies after all user policies and logon scripts run?

Group Policy applies to the user or computer in a manner that depends on where both the user and the computer objects are located in Active Directory. However, in some cases, users may need policy applied to them based on the location of the computer object alone. You can use the Group Policy loopback feature to apply Group Policy Objects (GPOs) that depend only on which computer the user logs on to. To set user configuration per computer, follow these steps: 1. In the Group Policy Microsoft Management Console (MMC), click Computer Configuration. 2. Locate Administrative Templates, click System, click Group Policy, and then enable the Loopback Policy option. This policy directs the system to apply the set of GPOs for the computer to any user who logs on to a computer affected by this policy. This policy is intended for special-use computers where you must modify the user policy based on the computer that is being used. For example, computers in public areas, in laboratories, and in classrooms. Note Loopback is supported only in an Active Directory environment. Both the computer account and the user account must be in Active Directory. If a Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 based domain controller manages either account, the loopback does not function. The client computer must be a running one of the following operating systems: * Windows XP Professional * Windows 2000 Professional * Windows 2000 Server * Windows 2000 Advanced Server * Windows Server 2003 When users work on their own workstations, you may want Group Policy settings applied based on the location of the user object. Therefore, we recommend that you configure policy settings based on the organizational unit in which the user account resides. However, there may be instances when a computer object resides in a specific organizational unit, and the user settings of a policy should be applied based on the location of the computer object instead of the user object. Note You cannot filter the user settings that are applied by denying or removing the AGP and Read rights from the computer object specified for the loopback policy. Normal user Group Policy processing specifies that computers located in their organizational unit have the GPOs applied in order during computer startup. Users in their organizational unit have GPOs applied in order during logon, regardless of which computer they log on to. In some cases, this processing order may not be appropriate. For example, when you do not want applications that have been assigned or published to the users in their organizational unit to be installed when the user is logged on to a computer in a specific organizational unit. With the Group Policy loopback support feature, you can specify two other ways to retrieve the list of GPOs for any user of the computers in this specific organizational unit: * Merge Mode In this mode, when the user logs on, the user's list of GPOs is typically gathered by using the GetGPOList function. The GetGPOList function is then called again by using the computer's location in Active Directory. The list of GPOs for the computer is then added to the end of the GPOs for the user. This causes the computer's GPOs to have higher precedence than the user's GPOs. In this example, the list of GPOs for the computer is added to the user's list. * Replace Mode In this mode, the user's list of GPOs is not gathered. Only the list of GPOs based on the computer object is used.


What is loopback policy in active directory?

Group Policy applies to the user or computer in a manner that depends on where both the user and the computer objects are located in Active Directory. However, in some cases, users may need policy applied to them based on the location of the computer object alone. You can use the Group Policy loopback feature to apply Group Policy Objects (GPOs) that depend only on which computer the user logs on to. To set user configuration per computer, follow these steps: 1. In the Group Policy Microsoft Management Console (MMC), click Computer Configuration. 2. Locate Administrative Templates, click System, click Group Policy, and then enable the Loopback Policy option. This policy directs the system to apply the set of GPOs for the computer to any user who logs on to a computer affected by this policy. This policy is intended for special-use computers where you must modify the user policy based on the computer that is being used. For example, computers in public areas, in laboratories, and in classrooms. Note Loopback is supported only in an Active Directory environment. Both the computer account and the user account must be in Active Directory. If a Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 based domain controller manages either account, the loopback does not function. The client computer must be a running one of the following operating systems: * Windows XP Professional * Windows 2000 Professional * Windows 2000 Server * Windows 2000 Advanced Server * Windows Server 2003 When users work on their own workstations, you may want Group Policy settings applied based on the location of the user object. Therefore, we recommend that you configure policy settings based on the organizational unit in which the user account resides. However, there may be instances when a computer object resides in a specific organizational unit, and the user settings of a policy should be applied based on the location of the computer object instead of the user object. Note You cannot filter the user settings that are applied by denying or removing the AGP and Read rights from the computer object specified for the loopback policy. Normal user Group Policy processing specifies that computers located in their organizational unit have the GPOs applied in order during computer startup. Users in their organizational unit have GPOs applied in order during logon, regardless of which computer they log on to. In some cases, this processing order may not be appropriate. For example, when you do not want applications that have been assigned or published to the users in their organizational unit to be installed when the user is logged on to a computer in a specific organizational unit. With the Group Policy loopback support feature, you can specify two other ways to retrieve the list of GPOs for any user of the computers in this specific organizational unit: * Merge Mode In this mode, when the user logs on, the user's list of GPOs is typically gathered by using the GetGPOList function. The GetGPOList function is then called again by using the computer's location in Active Directory. The list of GPOs for the computer is then added to the end of the GPOs for the user. This causes the computer's GPOs to have higher precedence than the user's GPOs. In this example, the list of GPOs for the computer is added to the user's list. * Replace Mode In this mode, the user's list of GPOs is not gathered. Only the list of GPOs based on the computer object is used.


What interval are GPOs updated on domain controllers?

5 Min.


What gpos do not support folder redirection or group policy software installation?

local


What would you use to prevent GPOs linked to parent containers from affecting child containers?

Inheritance blocking


When dealing with multiple GPOs which GPO will take precedence on windows vista computer?

User specific GPO


When dealing with multiple GPOs that apply to a user, which one will take precedence on a Windows Vista computer?

User-specific GPO


What are the two default GPOs that are created when active directory is installed?

Default Domain Policy and Default Domain Controller Policy