answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

First we must understand that there is a direct correlation between temperature of a substance and the amount of molecular movement. At absolute zero the molecules do not move at all. As the temperature increases, so does movement. As movement increases, so does temperature.

Water has two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. The oxygen of one water molecule has two lone pairs of electrons. Each can form a hydrogen bond with the hydrogen on two other water molecules. This repeats so that every water molecule is bonded to four others (two through its lone pairs and two through its two hydrogen atoms.) These bonds restrict movement.

Since heat makes molecules move and the hydrogen bonds resist this movement, it takes more energy to break the bonds of liquid water and force the molecules apart into a gaseous state. Once transformed to a gas, there are fewer bonds to overcome, so the energy to make the molecules move (heat them up) is lower.

-----

Because steam is actually hotter than water AT FIRST, but after it gets into the atmosphere it lowers which is why it condensates (condenses) on a wall or glass or something. Because it lowers heat, it sticks.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2010-09-11 20:28:33
This answer is:
User Avatar
Study guides

What resources do you have today that affect the economy positively

What prominent sea floor feature is found in the central Atlantic ocean

Why are fossils found were no ocean exist

What causes greenhouse gasses

โžก๏ธ
See all cards
3.8
โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…
10 Reviews

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: Why does steam have a lower specific heat than water?
Write your answer...
Submit
Still have questions?
magnify glass
imp
Continue Learning about Earth Science

Which heats up faster Water or Land?

Land, because it has lower specific heat capacity.Land, because it has lower heat capacity.


What does liquid water become when it absorbs enough heat?

It becomes steam SIMPLE


Why is water colder than air at same temperature?

For example, water and air at 100°C. Water at 100°C takes in more heat to convert to gaseous state, that is, steam. Since steam takes in heat, it is found to be hotter than water. Another example: Hot water does not cause as much damage to skin tissues as steam, since steam has a lot of latent heat energy. Ice takes in a certain amount of heat energy to change to water. Then, water takes in a certain amount of heat energy to change to steam. In this way, steam has more latent heat than other forms of energy, and is found to be hotter than water at the same temperature.


What is the specific heat capacity of steam 100 degrees Celsius?

.44 btu/lb


What happens to the temperature of boiling water if you turn up the heat on the stove?

Nothing, the temperature of the boiling water will remain constant but the water will boil harder (produce more steam). When you heat water, the first thing that happens is that the energy of the heat goes into the water which gets hotter and hotter until it reaches boiling point. At the boiling point the energy goes into making water vapor (steam) and the steam carries the energy away with it as the water boils away. (If you seal the pot so that the steam can not get away then the water (and steam) will indeed get hotter and hotter and the pot will eventually explode).

Related questions

Which has the lowest specific heat - water steam copper?

steam


What causes specific heat capacity of water lower than the standard one?

Impurities lower the specific heat capacity of water.


Does steam has highest latent heat than boiling water?

Boiling water has a lower latent heat than steam. Steam is the transition from liquid to gas for boiling water. If by boiling water you mean liquid water at the temperature of 100 degrees Celsius then yes, steam has a higher latent heat.


Does hot water have a lower specific heat than cold water?

No


A kind of engine that uses water steam or heat?

A steam engine uses water, steam, and heat.


Why does oil heat up quicker than water?

Because it has a lower specific heat capacity than water.


Which heats up faster Water or Land?

Land, because it has lower specific heat capacity.Land, because it has lower heat capacity.


Does water have a lower specific heat than nearly all known metals?

No. Water has a higher specific heat than any other common substance.


What is the specific heat capacity of fermenting beer?

Close to that of water but the carbon dioxide bubbles will lower the specific heat capacity somewhat


Why does land heat faster then water?

land heats faster than water because it has lower specific heat capacity


Does it take more energy as heat to raise the temperature of water by one degree than to raise the temperature of steam by the same amount?

Yes. The specific heat capacity of liquid water is 4.184 J/g•oC, and the specific heat capacity of steam is 2.010 J/g•oC.


If a substance heats up more quickly than another substance does it have a higher specific heat or lower specific heat?

then it has lower specific heat

People also asked