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This is because in ammonia there is a nitrogen atom (with a high electronegativity value) that has a lone pair of electronsavailable to form a hydrogen bond with the hydrogen atoms in water. On the other hand although the Phosphorous atom has a lone pair of electrons, it doesn't have a high enough electronegativity value to form a strong hydrogen bond.

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Q: Why is ammonia more soluble in water than phosphine?
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