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# State and prove perpendicular axis and parallel axis theorem?

Updated: 12/18/2022

Dayaljoshi

Lvl 1
11y ago

In physics, the perpendicular axis theorem (or plane figure theorem) can be used to determine the moment of inertia of a rigid object that lies entirely within a plane, about an axis perpendicular to the plane, given the moments of inertia of the object about two perpendicular axes lying within the plane. The axes must all pass through a single point in the plane.

Define perpendicular axes , , and (which meet at origin ) so that the body lies in the plane, and the axis is perpendicular to the plane of the body. Let Ix, Iy and Iz be moments of inertia about axis x, y, z respectively, the perpendicular axis theorem states that[1]

This rule can be applied with the parallel axis theorem and the stretch rule to find moments of inertia for a variety of shapes.

If a planar object (or prism, by the stretch rule) has rotational symmetry such that and are equal, then the perpendicular axes theorem provides the useful relationship:

Wiki User

11y ago