Macro-minerals are any minerals required in the diet in relatively large amounts (100 mg or more daily), especially calcium, iron, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, chloride and zinc.
the differences between a macromineral and a trace element is that their is no difference they both has something to do with the health
i honestly have no freakin idea.
Micronutrients include Vitamins and Minerals. Calcium is a miconutrient but is a macromineral. Point Hill
Nutritionists use the term macromineral to describe the minerals your body needs in large amounts, such as calcium and magnesium.Minerals needed in only small amounts, generally less than 20 milligrams per day, are called trace minerals:Iron, Zinc, Manganese, Copper, Fluoride, Molybdenum, Iodine, Chromium, and Selenium.
Nutritionists use the term macromineral to describe the minerals your body needs in large amounts, such as calcium and magnesium. Minerals needed in only small amounts, generally less than 20 milligrams per day, are called trace minerals.Iron, Zinc, Manganese, Copper, Fluoride, Molybdenum, Iodine, Chromium and Selenium are trace minerals.
Bone is made of calcium, calcium is a mineral. But animal / human bone is still not a mineral. a mineral is 1. naturally formed, 2. inorganic 3. solid 4. with a specific chemical composition and 5. has characteristic crystal structure so a bone violates the second and fith characteristics
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No. This is a myth that has been passed along by drug addicts that have been trying to find unique ways of getting the necessary ingredients for illegal drugs like methamphetamine, also commonly known as crystal meth.
Veterinarians mostly order their medications directly from several large companies that function as manufacturers and wholesalers - Pfizer, Merial, Fort Dodge and Eli Lilly are some of the biggest.
(Taken from Chapter 8: Feeding Beef Cattle, p. 273 of Beef Cattle Science by M.E. Ensminger and R.C. Perry):Sulfur is one macromineral that is important for the health of cattle. Macrominerals include, besides Sulfur, Calcium, Phosphorus, Salt (NaCl), Magnesium, and Potassium. Sulfur is a component of protein, some vitamins, and several important hormones. The common sulfur-containing amino acids are methionine, cysteine, and cystine. Also, the following amino acid derivatives contain sulphur: cystathionine, taurine, and cysteic acid. Methionine is a key amino acid because all other sulfur compounds, except B-vitamins thiamin and biotin, can be synthesized from methionine.All feeds contain some sulfur, but the amount usually depends on the protein content of the feed--generally speaking, the higher the protein count, the higher the sulfur content. Availability of the sulfur in the feed to microbial reduction in the rumen may be as much of a concern as the actual amount that is present.(From Table 8-5 of Beef Cattle Science, Chapter 8, p. 274-5):Body functions that involve sulfur include protein synthesis and metabolism, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, blood clotting, endocrine function, and intra- and extra-cellular fluid acid-base balance. Sulfur has both structural and metabolic functions; it is found in virtually every tissue and organ of the body. Muscle has a fairly constant nitrogen to sulfur ratio of 15:3:1. The total body content of sulfur is approximately 0.15%.Deficiency of sulfur include such symptoms as depressed appetite, weight loss, weakness, excessive salivation, watery eyes, dullness, emaciation, and death. A lack of sulfur also results in a microbial population that does not utilize lactate. Usually deficiencies of sulfur are reported in cattle that are fed high-grain rations and supplemented with non-protein nitrogen.Toxicity level of sulfur, according to the NRC (Nutritional Research Center) is 0.40% of the ration dry matter. Sulfur toxicity is characterized by restlessness, diarrhea, muscular twitching, dyspnea, and in prolonged cases of inactivity followed by death.A ration (dry matter) should have a sulfur level of a minimum of 0.15% and a maximum of 0.4%. If the ration is higher or lower than these numbers, toxicity or deficiency levels will develop, respectively.Some practical sources of this mineral include feeds that are high in protein (these usually high in sulfur as well). The microbial population of the rumen has the ability to convert inorganic sulfur into organic sulfuric compounds that can be used by the animal. So, either organic or inorganic sulfur can be used by cattle. Most feedstuffs provided to beef cattle contain sufficient sulfur to meet their needs.Note that copper requirements are increased by both sulfur and molybdenum. Selenium can also be a replacement for sulfur in some organic compounds.
Biological role Inorganic phosphorus in the form of the phosphate PO43- is required for all known forms of life, playing a major role in biological molecules such as DNA and RNA where it forms part of the structural framework of these molecules. Living cells also use phosphate to transport cellular energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Nearly every cellular process that uses energy obtains it in the form of ATP. ATP is also important for phosphorylation, a key regulatory event in cells. Phospholipids are the main structural components of all cellular membranes. Calcium phosphate salts assist in stiffening bones. Living cells are defined by a membrane that separates it from its surroundings. Biological membranes are made from a phospholipid matrix and proteins, typically in the form of a bilayer. Phospholipids are derived from glycerol, such that two of the glycerol hydroxyl (OH) protons have been replaced with fatty acids as an ester, and the third hydroxyl proton has been replaced with phosphate bonded to another alcohol. An average adult human contains about 0.7 kg of phosphorus, about 85-90% of which is present in bones and teeth in the form of apatite, and the remainder in soft tissues and extracellular fluids (~1%). The phosphorus content increases from about 0.5 weight% in infancy to 0.65-1.1 weight% in adults. Average phosphorus concentration in the blood is about 0.4 g/L, about 70% of that is organic and 30% inorganic phosphates. A well-fed adult in the industrialized world consumes and excretes about 1-3 g of phosphorus per day, with consumption in the form of inorganic phosphate and phosphorus-containing biomolecules such as nucleic acids and phospholipids; and excretion almost exclusively in the form of phosphate ions such as H2PO4- and HPO42-. Only about 0.1% of body phosphate circulates in the blood, and this amount reflects the amount of phosphate available to soft tissue cells. Bone and teeth enamel The main component of bone is hydroxyapatite as well as amorphous forms of calcium phosphate, possibly including carbonate. Hydroxyapatite is the main component of tooth enamel. Water fluoridation enhances the resistance of teeth to decay by the partial conversion of this mineral to the still harder material called fluoroapatite: Ca5(PO4)3OH + F- → Ca5(PO4)3F + OH- Phosphorus deficiency In medicine, low-phosphate syndromes are caused by malnutrition, by failure to absorb phosphate, and by metabolic syndromes that draw phosphate from the blood (such as re-feeding after malnutrition) or pass too much of it into the urine. All are characterized by hypophosphatemia, which is a condition of low levels of soluble phosphate levels in the blood serum, and therefore inside cells. Symptoms of hypophosphatemia include muscle and neurological dysfunction, and disruption of muscle and blood cells due to lack of ATP. Too much phosphate can lead to diarrhoea and calcification (hardening) of organs and soft tissue, and can interfere with the body's ability to use iron, calcium, magnesium, and zinc. Phosphorus is an essential macromineral for plants, which is studied extensively in edaphology in order to understand plant uptake from soil systems. In ecological terms, phosphorus is often a limiting factor in many environments; i.e. the availability of phosphorus governs the rate of growth of many organisms. In ecosystems an excess of phosphorus can be problematic, especially in aquatic systems, resulting in eutrophication which sometimes lead to algal blooms. (Text from Wikipedia)