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Electrical current occurs when electrons move. As the electrons through a medium, such as a wire, they experience friction, which produces heat. The fast the electrons are moving, the more friction they experience and the more heat is generated. Typically, this heat energy dissipates and is not useful. Electrical heating applicances sned current through highly resistant materials to cause high amounts of heat through friction. This is the basic premise of an electric stove range. Super-conduction is when electrons flow without any friction and therefore keep all of their energy as electricity. This can happen in certain materials at extremely low temperatures.

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Q: What is the thermal effects of electric current and its application?
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