The pressure gradient decreases. The trade winds weaken, or even blow backwards.
Along cold water currents from the poles to the equator.
Mars is too cold.
Conductivity can be used to calculate the salinity of the water.
Ice has a lower density than liquid water because it has more space between molecules. When water is frozen, it expands, so ice has a greater volume than water. Also, since density is the volume of an object divided by its mass.
Plankton lives at the very top of lakes, to get optimal amounts of sunlight.
The alluvial silt that covers the land during flooding increases its fertility. This is in addition to the ready supply of fresh water required for any large societal group.
One factor that could account for a drop in the water table is temperature. If temperatures are too warm the water may be evaporating.
When a wet towel is left in the sun it eventually becomes dry, it is dried through the process of evaporation.
The wave base (the depth at which water moves) would be about 10 feet, or 1/2 the wavelength.
The Coriolis effect is caused by the rotation of the earth.
carry medium-sized objects