0

Why electron stay outside the nucleus and not inside the nucleus explain mathematically?

Updated: 8/10/2023

Wiki User

13y ago

Why electrons should be outside the nucleus and not inside the nucleus?

Very interesting question.

Protons are +1 charged particles. Electrons are -1 charged particles. If an electron was close to a proton, it would attach so strongly that it could not be detached by ordinary chemical means. As a result no chemical reactions would occur. Chemical reactions occur when electrons are transferred from one atom to another, or when positive and negative ions of different ionic substances trade places. For electrons to be transferred from one atom to another, they must be located outside the nucleus. If chemical reactions did not occur we would not exist. Our bodies are large chemical factories. When we digest food, when we breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide, and when we cut ourselves and heal, chemical reaction are occurring in our bodies, electrons are being transferred from one atom to another.

Think about this. If electrons were inside the nucleus you could not eat a candy bar. The bonds between the atoms in the candy bar would be so strong that you could not bite off a piece of it. If you swallowed it whole, it would come out whole. That would hurt.

I am glad electrons are on the outside, aren't you!!!

Wiki User

13y ago

Wiki User

13y ago

The forces of attraction between the protons in the nucleus and the electrons, both electrically and gravitationally, is less than the angular acceleration and repulsive force between electrons. Pretty much the electrons are just moving too fast, what would pull them into the nucleus just ends up keeping them from flying away.

[ko(qeqp)/r2 + G(Mnme)/r2] < [d/dt(mv) + ko(qeqe)/r2]

Earn +20 pts
Q: Why electron stay outside the nucleus and not inside the nucleus explain mathematically?
Submit
Still have questions?
Related questions

Where is the location of an electron outside of the nucleus?

Electrons are found in the electron cloud that surrounds the nucleus.

Which subatomic particle can be found in the area outside the nucleus of an atom?

The three subatomic particles are the proton, the neutron, and the electron. Protons and neutrons are located inside the nucleus. Electrons are located outside of the nucleus in the electron cloud.

Is an electron inside or outside the nucleus?

They are outside the nucleus. They move around the nucleus.

Where would you find a electron?

outside the nucleus in the electron cloud

electron

Electron

electron

bohr

electron cloud

Where the electron located in an atom?

The electron cloud, around the outside of the nucleus.

Where is a electron cloud located?

The electron cloud in an atom is located outside of the nucleus.

What are the subatomic particles that are found outside of the nucleus and carry a negative charge?

electrons are the subatomic particles that are found outside of the nucleus and carry a negative charge