# Baseball Rules and Regulations

## This category is for questions regarding the rules and regulations of baseball which includes asking about rules on safe and out calls, error calls, home run calls and much more.

### How many outs in one season?

162 games per team per season... 3 outs per inning, 9 innings a game sometimes 8.5, sometimes more... This math is based on if each game was played to a full 9 innings and no more, which is really not likely the case... but your question is complicates, so also is your answer haha. 3 x 9 = 27 which means there is27 outs per game 27 x 162 = 4374 which subsequently means there is 4374 outs per season multiply that by 30 teams in the league 4374 x 30 = 131220 131220 outs per season in all of mlb, if each game was played to a strict 9 innings

### How many foul balls can a batter have in baseball?

An infinite number

### What is the average number of foul balls hit in a major league game?

14 is way off. @FoulBallzMLB is doing research on this and the number is closer to 40/game.

### Who hit grand slam home runs in consecutive at bats?

In MLB, 7 players have done it. 1) Jim Gentile, 1961 Baltimore Orioles 2) Jim Northrup, 1968 Detroit Tigers 3) Frank Robinson, 1970 Baltimore Orioles 4) Robin Ventura, 1995 Chicago White Sox 5) Fernando Tatis, 1999 St. Louis Cardinals 6) Bill Mueller, 2003 Boston Red Sox 7) Josh Willingham, 2009 Washington Nationals. and Moises Alou did it in the same inning off the same pitcher.

### Why is home plate a pentagon rather than a square?

Home plate began its baseball career in the nineteenth century as a twelve-inch square, set down like a diamond, with the two sides forming the beginning of the foul lines. Home is the compass by which a baseball field is set. Those foul lines extend up the foul poles and on into infinity. It's the diamond of home plate that starts them running. In the winter of 1899 the Rules Committee extended the bottom of the plate (that is, the side facing the pitcher), creating the foundation of the home plate pentagon/house. That year's Spalding Guide tells us the committee felt the pitcher was handicapped by having to "cut the corners" of the old twelve-inch square. The umpire also found it difficult to judge which pitched balls caught those corners. The guide adds that by making the front of the plate square with a width of seventeen inches, the pitcher is able to see the width of the plate better and the umpire can judge balls and strikes with less difficulty. Moreover, the front of the plate was squared off towards the pitcher to help prevent injury to the batter. Before the change, if the ball hit the edge of the plate, it would skip off at an acute angle. With a perpendicular edge facing the trajectory of the pitch, any ball hitting the edge would be deflected upward instead of skew. the two foul lines form the back edge of the plate

yes

### How can you have eight batters in one inning without scoring a run?

#1 You cannot get 8 batters in 1 half inning, the most batters (roster spots) you can get to the plate in 1 half inning is 7 (although everyone here says 6, that is incorrect) -- in a half inning you can have 7 batter slots in the line up come up by: - 3 runners on, reaching in any manner (3 batters) - 2 batters get out (5 batters total) - batter puts ball in play everyone advances a base, including the guy from 3rd to home (6 batters) - batter is announced (making his appearance official), then without throwing a pitch, the defense team appeals a call (say the guy didnt touch home) -- ump calls him out there you have it -- 7 batting slots in the lineup make official batters (because if a 7th batter is a pinch hitter, even though he never sees a pitch he is officially in the game, and takes the roster spot of the player he was subbed in for), no runs scored #2 You can only have a maximum of 6 batters appear who receive official plate appearances in a half inning without scoring a run. As stated above, you get 3 runners on in any manner, and then the next 3 batters get out without anyone scoring (i.e strikeouts), this would be 6 batters total receiving a plate appearance. In the scenario above, the pinch hitter or the 7th 'batter' would not receive any official stat other then "+1 in games played" Discussion behind this answer To give a solid answer to this question we would need to define what a "batter" is, is a player officially a batter when he is announced to the plate, once he receives a pitch, once his "plate appearance" is complete", ect? With pinch hitters, you could theoretically have any number of players bat in an inning (up to the roster limit of a team, I suppose). If it is one full inning and not a half inning, then you can simply by getting a couple runners on base if you are a good team and your batters are good you can sometime go threough the line up once witch is nine players and maye one ore two or more the second time you run through your line up .

### Why is the strike K sometimes backwards in baseball?

The "K" is placed backwards in cases where the batter strikes out looking.

### What is the wild card race?

In baseball the AL and NL each have 3 divisions (East, Central, West) -- those division winners all qualify for the playoffs, then you take all the other teams in the league, whichever team has the best record is the wildcard -- the AL and NL each have 4 teams make the playoffs (3 division winners and the wildcard) -- The wildcard CANNOT play the winner of their division in the 1st round (LDS) -- in the event that 2 or more teams qualify for the wildcard, they will play a 1 game playoff game against each other, the winner of that game will be the wildcard --- the wildcard is the #4 seed regardless of their win-loss record and will play the #1 seed (unless that happens to be a team from their division, in which case they would play the #2 seed in the Division Series) A "wildcard race" references the end of the regular season when teams that do not win their division are going for that #4 seed (the wildcard team) Beginning in the 2012 season, there will always be a one-game playoff, regardless of the records of the competing teams.

### How many innings are there in an NCAA college baseball game?

9 innings. Same as in professional baseball.

### Does a post-season home run count in a player's total career home runs?

== == No, post-season home runs don't count in a player's career totals. No post-season stats count towards career totals. They go in a separate category, usually entitled "Postseason Career."

### Why do baserunners run counterclockwise?

Well, I do not know the whole detail to this question but can give some insight. The reason why baseball players run the bases counter clockwise along with NASCAR, INDY, horse racing, dogs, running counter clockwise etc., has a lot to do with the American Revolution. Early Americans hated the British so much they wanted to do almost eveything opposite to their rules. In England and Europe, they run car and horse races clockwise, and I think Cricket runs clockwise as well, although they do not have a diamond like American Baseball. Hope that helps!

### Why does Major League Baseball not have any female players?

Ostensibly because there are no female players good enough to play there. There is no rule, written or unwritten, that says women are not allowed to play professional baseball. Competition is such that certainly if any woman player was good enough to help a Major League team, there would be at least one team willing to incur whatever negatives might come about as a result of adding a female player to the roster. Although there are not any females that have been signed to major league teams, females have played on minor league teams. The most memorable being Jackie Mitchell, who, in an exhibition game struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig. Unfortunately will not have the chance to strike out Barry Bonds or to hit against Gregg Maddux. Major League Baseball banned the signing of women to contracts on June 21, 1952. (Note: the ban was repealed in 1992) The other reason you won't see any women in baseball is because with the emerging popularity of softball most women choose to engage in this sport as it is more encouraged for them.

### If a ball gets stuck on a player is it an out?

The ball is dead and all runners advance one base. I just wanted to add onto this answer. When this happens the ball is a live ball until the runs advance a base. i.e if the ball never touches the ground and gets stuck in a jersey it would could as a lineout/fly out and the batter would be out, then it is a dead ball... if somehow it happens on a ground ball a force out can be made, but a batter cannot be tagged out

### What is the distance between home plate and second base?

If you are measuring from the center of the bag from behind the point of the plate it is 127.279 feet, so just a hair over 127 feet 3 inches. Obviously you can measure from different points of the base, however, on 90 ft base paths this is your answer.

### Can a batter be substituted in the middle of a count?

Yes he can. He is credited with an AB (at bat), rather than on OAB (Official at bat), for statistical purposes, since he did not begin the at bat with a 0/0 count. count. Clarification: I just wanted to add on the answer above: 1. If a player comes in to pinch hit with any two-strike count and strikes out, this is the only scenario in which the original batter is charged with the strikeout and the AB, the pinch hitter is charged with neither an AB or the K

### On a third strike why can you foul tip the ball many times but if you try to bunt and nick the ball you are out?

It's important to know that there are different types of bunts. There's bunting for a base hit, swinging bunts and, most commonly used, sacrifice bunts. The limited foul attempt rule is in effect for all bunts. However, for the first two aforementioned types, the batter is trying to get on base; thus, is wary of the ball/strike count and will rarely attempt a bunt with a two strike count. The only instance the rule comes into play is when a player is asked to lay down a sacrifice bunt in order to advance a base runner. A sacrifice bunt is viewed as the simplest way to put the ball into play. A batter performs a sacrifice bunt by holding the bat in the strike zone until the ball meets the bat. Due to the apparent simplicity, the umpire, in attempt to move the game along, will not allow an unlimited amount of foul attempts. Answer Actually, when you foul tip a ball on the third strike you're out! And a foul tip is when the batter skims the ball and the ball goes into the catchers glove. Clarification The first answer given is completely wrong. The umpire makes no assumption on the reasoning behind why a batter is bunting. A sacrifice bunt can be performed with 0 strikes just as a bat for a hit can be performed with 2 strikes - the rule applies to both of these. A "swinging bunt" is not defined in the Rules; it is a term used to describe when a batter swings, but the ball only goes a few feet, much like a bunt. When there is any "swinging motion" whether a full swing, half swing, check swing or "swinging bunt", the 2 strike bunt rule does not apply. This has been a rule as long as baseball has been around. A logical reason for it would be to level the playing field for pitchers and batters alike -- it wouldn't be very fair for a pitcher if a batter were given chance after chance to lay down a bunt until successful. The same reason is behind the 2 strike caught foul tip on a swing rule.

Dead ball refers to any period of the game when the clock is not running.

### Does a BB count against your average?

No. Bases on balls are not counted as official at bats.

### How many innings are in a baseball game?

There are 9 innings in college and MLB. There are 7 innings in high school. Either can go into extra innings in case of a tie.

### Can first baseman tag the base with an empty glove?

Yes, but the ball must be in his other hand in order for it to be an out.

### If a player reaches base on a passed ball and later scores is it an earned run or unearned?

The only way a runner can reach on a passed ball is if he strikes out, and the 3rd strike gets away from the catcher. Since the batter struck out, he should not have reached based, although no errors are charged the run if he later scores is an unearned run See MLB Rule 10.18 Earned Runs. No earned run if batter reaches on passed ball. A wild pitch is the pitcher's fault and contributes to the earned run.

### In baseball what is OPS?

OPS stands for "On-Base Plus Slugging" this is a great tool to compare players on their overall offensive contribution. In order to be among the league leaders in OPS, a player must hit for average, display a great batting eye (to collect walks), and hit for power. An OPS over 900 is considered quite good, and an OPS over 1000 is sure be among the league leaders. To calculate this you need to first know a players On-Base Percentage and their Slugging Percentage --- then you simply add those 2 together Calculating On Base Percentage: OBP = (Hits+Walks+HBP)/(ABs+Walks+HBP) or -- (Hits+Walks+HBP)/Plate Appearances Calculating Slugging Percentage: Slugging % = Total Bases/At-Bats --- to calculate Total Bases you assign the following (Single=1, Double=2, Triple=3, HR=4)

### How do you determine percentages in stats such as batting average and ERA?

Batting average is hits divided by at bats (hits + outs + reached on error). ERA is earned runs divided by innings pitched, then multiplied by nine (in other words, the average number of earned runs given up over nine innings). For more info: baseball-almanac reaching on error counts as an out so. Remember BB(walks), sac bunts, sac flies and HPB do not count as plate appearences.

### What is the furthest that two opposing pitchers have taken a no-hitter into the same game?

On May 2,1917, Cubs Hippo Vaughn and Reds Fred Toney both had no-hitters after nine innings. Vaughn lost his in the 10th, but Toney completed the 10-inning no-hitter for the win.