The general name for an arena where cyclists ride round and around on a banked track is a velodrome.
On top of that, each arena usually also has its own individual name.
The most all time medals won in Olympic equestrian events is 8 by Reimer Klimke of Germany (6 gold, 2 bronze), Isabell Werth of Germany (5 gold, 3 silver), and Anky van Grunsven of Netherlands (3 gold, 5 silver).
I believe the match race between Seabiscuit and War Admiral was 'winner take all' $100,000.
Looking at the spec it's at the lower end of the scale. It should do OK as an exercise/commuter bike, but you won't see many of them lined up for races.
The people competing in the TdF are all profesional athletes. Meaning they work for a team, and receive a basic salary from that, depending on how good they are. There can be bonuses for wins.
Most Money comes from sponsorships, and Commercial deals - if you're famous enough to be interesting.
The riders ages range from 21 to 38 years old.
Professional mountain bike racers make between nothing and around $60,000 a year. Racers that make over $10,000 probably make up about 5% of the total. By and large, being a "professional mountain biker" relates to your level of skill, not income …
You need to have a track bike, a track bike is different to any other bike so if its your first time go to your local bike store and they will be able to help. you need to have a velodrome around your area a velodrome is an oval circuit and on each corner it gets steep. and all you do is race around in circles
Philip Grant Anderson was not only the first Australian to wear a yellow jersey in the Tour de France, but was the first non-European to do so.
In 1981, Anderson lead the race during the 117km Saint-Gaudens to Saint-Lary-Soulan stage and came in 10th overall. In 1982, Anderson wore the yellow jersey for 9 days and won the second stage of the Tour.
In 1991, Anderson won the Rennes to Quimper stage of the race.
On the flat, maybe 25 mph, downhill maybe 50, uphill maybe 15.
There are a lot of citys that hosted the tour, for a full list: http://www.letour.fr/HISTO/us/TDF/villes.html In total, there are 587 different citys or places.
Same as any other animal + better food and dedicated training, if they are to win.
You cannot enter the Tour de France; the UCI and ASO invite ProTour/UCI sanctioned teams to compete.
The second place in the general classification wins €200,000. (First place is €450,000 ; third place is €100,000).
Simply because a group of riders can do better than riders competing on their own, which turns most longer races into team events. If you want bicycle races that are run individually, look for time trial events.
Lance Armstrong (has 7 total victories).