Celtic History

The history of the indigenous peoples of the British Isles contains a rich culture of tribes, peoples, and customs. These people have fought and beaten the Romans, Anglo-Saxons, and Normans. Their influence can still be seen throughout Ireland and Scotland today.

1,794 Questions
Celtic History

How did Picts make blue war paint?

The ancients made a very good blue dye from the plant woad.

To achieve the dye, the aerial parts (above ground: leaves, flowers and stems) of the plant were finely chopped and packed tightly into a wide mouthed container.

Boiling water was added until the plant material was completely covered and the container was set aside for about an hour. Then the infusion (liquid) was strained off.

At this point lye was added and the mixture was beaten with a whisk or similar implement for about fifteen minutes or so and the mixture would have been set aside to settle.

Every day or so, any of the clear or very pale liquid that rose to the surface was poured off, until the remaining liquid was very thick and very dark.

This concentrated liquid was poured into a wide pan and slowly evaporated off.

The resulting dye was a dark blue powder that was usually mixed with animal fat to make a blue body paint.

Please NOTE This process was messy and the dye was permanent, so those making the dye carried the stains for quite a while.

Celtic History

What genre music is Celtic Woman?

Irish Folk And Tradtional

English Spelling and Pronunciation
Non-English Names Pronunciation
The Difference Between
Celtic History

Is Celtic pronounced seltic or keltic?

Basket Celtics or Keltic ya

History of Ireland
History of Scotland
The Difference Between
Celtic History

What is the difference between the Gaels and the Celts?

Brief :The Celtic nations consist of:

Wales (Brythonic)

Cornwall (Brythonic)

Brittany (Brythonic)

Ireland (Gaelic)

Scotland (Gaelic)

Isle of Man (Gaelic)

So the Gaels are one branch of the 'Celts' to answer the question.

  • There have been a lot of wrong answers here (most of which have been removed). It's quite simple. The Celts were divided into different groups who lived in the European mainland. One group came to Ireland, and another came to Britain. The ones who came to Ireland were called Gaelic, Goidelic or Q-Celtic. The ones who came to Britain were called Brythonic, or P-Celtic. The Gaels or Q-Celts lived in Ireland, and later conquered Scotland and the Isle of Man. The Brythonic or P-Celts lived in Britain, but were driven out of all of it except Wales and Cornwall by Gaelic and Anglo-Saxon invasions.
  • The descendants of the Gaels are found in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man. The descendants of the P-Celts are found in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany (where some fled after being attacked by the Anglo-Saxons). These groups of Celts are the only major Celtic peoples left, as the ones who stayed on the mainland of Europe were conquered by the Romans and later invaders.
  • Short answer is that all Gaels are Celts but not all Celts are Gaels. "Celt" is the broader term that include Gaels, but also other groups currently found in Wales, France, and Spain and formerly found all over Europe and The Middle East (e.g., the Galatians of the Bible).
  • In the usage I am familiar with, only the Irish and the Scots are considered Gaels. The Welsh (Cymry) are Celtic, but not Gaelic. ("Welsh" originates from "Wealhas" an Anglo-Saxon term meaning foreigner, "Wales" is no way related to the word "Gaels" or "Gales"). Gaul (roughly what is now France) has a similar word origin, but they were Gallic, not Gaelic, but definitely Celtic.
  • Actually, stating that, "Gaul" is not related to, "Wales" is incorrect. You gotta' go back a little further with your I-E language roots to find that they both come from the same word. The "G" sound wasn't hard, and can resemble a hard aspirate, like the "H/CH" of Chanukah, or the ' in Greek hOi. Galles and Walles (remember, these words were passed down and morphed phonetically before spelling was nailed down) do come from the same root, and "Sojourner" or "Wanderer" is a better translation than, "foreigner".
  • There is some debate over whether the Celts and Gauls were truly separate people - or whether the terms, as stated elsewhere, carry different levels of inclusion. Good links: Virginia.edu phoenicia.org geocities.com I think it will take a while for this issue to be settled, by a mixture of haplotype research and further archelogical inquiry, but Gaul and Celt don't necessarily mean the same thing, and the link between the Picts, the Scots, the Gaels, and the Celts is still hotly debated. For more fun, research the Urumchi and Tarim basin mummies, and for even more kicks, the link between Maori face tatooing and Pre-Maori Celts/Gauls in New Zealand.
  • Celtic people are an ancient European peoples that have a far-reaching influence over many parts of Europe. This includes Ireland, Scotland, Wales, England, mainland Europe, and towards Asia-minor. According to legend, the Gaels are a tribe descended from Gaedhal of the Very Gentle and the Shining Armour. Gaedhal was a general of the Egyptian Pharaoh in ancient wars including a great war against the Ethiopians. When the Hebrew slaves deserted their Egyptians overlords, Gaedhal and his people supported the Hebrews. As a result they were exiled from the Egyptian lands. However, the Phaoraoh's daughter, Scota, married into the tribe of Gaedhal. Eventually, with recommendation from their druids, they traveled to Spain and eventually to Ireland. Perhaps the tribe of Gaedhal was originally a Celtic tribe, perhaps the tribe of Gaedhal created Celtic culture, or perhaps the tribe of Gaedhal later adapted Celtic culture.
  • OK, I've read everyone's answer so far and read history books, asked my relatives, etc., and no one thus far has really answered the question. I am an American of Gaelic and/or Celtic ancestry as well as Native American. Our family is trying to put together a family tree but it is looking more like a mess than anything else (many dead ends). Short of reading a treatise on the matter, is there any way to get a simple answer on this question? From my perspective in many instances it seems they are the same, in others, quite different. It would be nice to understand the differences.
  • As partly already said, it is very hard to know exactly where any of these acient groups came from but do remember that the word Celt came from the greek 'keltoi' and they aswell as the Romans put this name on anybody that was uncivilised or not romanised for that matter, living outside of the roman empire so this really is a name put onto alot of different groups of people.
  • If you're trying to establish the root of Irishness, recently published genetic research indicates that the vast majority of Irish people are NOT of Celtic origin. Most people seem to have a genetic root in earlier settlers/invaders - perhaps the Fir Bolg or similar.
  • Gaelic and Celtic mean the exact same thing except Gaelic is the Irish version for the word. An ancient race culture from galatia is the source of the Gaelic, ghaelige, ghoidealic, gallic words and it means the spoken language of these people.
  • The Celts were a proud warrior yet diplomatic race. Diplomacy worked inwards towards their own. War like behaviour was aimed at other people who insulted them or annoyed them. The Greeks gave them their Celtic name. The word keltoi means barbarian in greek and the Romans took this from them using the possessive case plural celtae to describe them.
  • The Greeks called us that when they saw us killing some etruscans who annoyed us a long time ago. it started as a tribal joke that's how we must have accepted it. Anyway the name celt stuck. Celtic is an anglicisation in the possessive case.
  • Welsh are cymrians who were called welsh i.e from wales from the Anglo-saxon word wahlra which means foreigners. However not in the way intended the real foreigners were the English who came from a barony of Germany called frisia. they were a tribe called the angles. However please note that many tribes came from Germany inculding the franks which gave their name to France.
  • Welsh Gaelic, Cornwellian (brythonic) Gaelic and brittanic (bretonic) Gaelic come from old brittain around the time of christ just before the roman empire. All of great brittain was simply of Celtic origin before the ancient Romans invaded. The angles and the Saxons were asked to help remove the Romans from the country during the time of queen Boudicea. They came to brittain via anglessy which is German for angle sea i.e angle see.
  • Gallia (Gaul) is the ancient latin word for Western Europe and the Celtic peoples who occupied Western Europe. Gaels (Goidelic Celts) is a Brythonic (Briton) word, probably meaning, savages? The Britons spoke a P-Celtic language and the Gaels (Irish & Scots) spoke a Q-Celtic language. So in short, the difference between Celts and Gaels is the language they speak. Otherwise, they are the same. The Gaels are one group of Celts.
  • More recent theories have denied a mass invasion of the Isles by Celtic speakers due to lack of archeological evidence. Genetically, the "Atlantic Celts" resemble the Basques rather than Central European Celts. See Collis.
  • Any answer that omits Galicia (Spain) as the European cradle of the Gaels is simply incorrect. There is linguistic proof that Goidelic Gaelic spoken on the British Isles can only have originated from Celts coming from Galicia.
  • We originated in Eastern Europe (Rumania), discovered the bagpipe in Egypt, resettled in Galicia, and conquered the British Isles. Read the Leabhar Ghabhala.
  • The Romans called the unconconquered ( and conquered Tribes) of Europe. Celts...which meant stranger......Even Northern Italian areas were Celtic to them at least at one stage...ie Milan is originally a Celtic Name....
  • The Anglo-Saxons called the people of Britain Welsh ...which meant stranger
  • The Gaels were the last "Celtic" Tribe to settle in Ireland.....The Welsh called them something similar to Gael...which again meant either stranger,. Barbarian or Foriegner...The Gaels overlorded the existing Celtic tribes......the existing Irish Celtic tribes had a language similar to the welsh and cornish...and indeed the tribe that came to Ireland immediatly before the Gaels...the Laigann ( Leinster is named after them) settled in South west England.....the name "Devon" comes from them......The tales of Arthur / Tristan and Isolde may have links here. The Tribe before the Laigainn were the Erain or Fir Bolg ( Origianly from Belgium)...the tribe brefore them were the Cruithin ( Ireland) and Picts ( Scotland)
  • There is no such thing as a Celt. There are artefacts of Celtic design and there are languages that are described as Celtic: Welsh, Gaelic, Breton and Gallego being the principal examples ('P-Celtic' and 'Q-Celtic' refer to the two branches of these languages, not to any ethnic grouping). There is no demonstrable link between the Celti or Keltoi of Classical sources and the people who live in Scotland, Ireland, Mann, Wales, Cornwall, Brittany or Spain, popularly identified as Celtic areas today, or indeed their kin elsewhere in the world. These can claim descent from Britons and Cymry or from Gaels and that's about it.
Roman Empire
Celtic History

Who are Romans and Celts?

The Romans and Celts were two Indo-European groups of people. They had different cultures, languages and values. The Romans were considered a Mediterranean culture while the Celts were a northern culture. Celtic peoples populated Europe from northern Italy to the North Sea, into Britain and in Ireland and Wales. The Mediterranean culture populated the countries in southern Europe into Turkey and around the mideast and northern Africa.

Medieval Warfare
Celtic History

Did the Celts wear plate armor?

As a general answer, no - but with some possibilities.

the Celts were skilled craftsmen in the production and creation of iron and steel, and are known to have produced maille (chainmail) for defence. They are likewise known to have produced helms which involved the creation of metal plates it is not impossible that the same skills were used for body defenses.

Tacitus makes reference to the German Celts wearing strong metal armour, but it is uncertain if this is solid plate, or maille.

Therefore, it should be concluded that it is certainly possible that a few rare peices of plate defence such as breastplates were made by the Celts, but there is insufficient evidence of its use to state so with absolute certainty. What is absolutely certain is their use of metal, non-plate armours.

Boston Celtics
Celtic History

What is the mascot of the Boston Celtics?

Lucky The Leprachaun

Celtic History

What players played for Celtic and Liverpool?

Bellamy, Keane, Gary Gillispie, Kenny Dalglish

History of Europe
Celtic History

Were the Celt's barbaric savages who held spiritual beliefs?

== == The Celts were "barbaric savages" only in the eyes of the Romans, to whom every non-Roman (except perhaps the Greeks) were "barbarians." The Celts had a thriving culture, complete with art, and at one time they were the dominant people of Europe. They never united into a single nation, however, and because of their lack of unity, they were eventually overwhelmed by the Roman Empire. Not all Celts, fell under Roman rule. The Scots, for example, proved to be such fierce foes that the Emperor Hadrian built a wall between Roman-occupied Britain and Scotland to protect their legions against the wild men of the north. Today, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall remain Celtic bastions. Celts are also found in Brittany, France. The Basques in Spain may also be part of the Celtic family tree.

Name Origins
Celtic History

What is the origin of the surname Mankin?

The name is of Celtic, more specifically Welsh, origin. However. it is very close in sound to 'Manikin' - which means 'little man', and the two may sometimes have been confused outside areas where they are known. See the Related Link for "Mankin Family Crest" to the bottom for the answer.

Supernatural and the Occult
Celtic History

What heart in the Celtic motherhood knot represents the mother?

The interlocking heart itself is the mother. The dot or heart within is the child, in the arms, surrounded by the love of the mother.

Boston Celtics
English Football
Celtic History

Celtic fc 1967 who were the players in the europeancup 1967?

Ronnie Simpson

John Clark

Billy Mcneil (Captain)

Jim Craig

Willie Wallace

Stevie Chalmers

Bobby Murdoch

Tommy Gemmell

Jimmy Johnstone

Bertie Auld

Bobby Lennox Jock Stein (Manager)

Celtic History

What does Celtic refer to?

Celtic is the term for a subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages which is subdivided into the Brythonic branch (Welsh for example) and the Goidelic branch (Irish Gaelic). The term can also refer to the Celtic form of Christianity before the late 500s. It can refer to the artistic style used by the ancients. Although the Celts were formerly considered to be a "race", recent DNA evidence indicates the British and Irish population to have little connection with the historic Celts of central Europe and instead are traced to what is now Spain and Portugal.

== == == ==

History of Ireland
Celtic History

What is the origin and history of the Celtic knot?

Well first of all you'd have to figure out what a celt is many cultures such as the leTene or Halstat had their own knotwork designs so did the Norse and their is even the Jewish lyre knot which is based on the the Jewish harp.

While no-one is exactly sure why they developed the historical evidance points to them coming into existence from around 500 bc onwards.

Many of the websites listed below go into futher detail on the history of tribal knots.






I hope this helps you.

Tattoos and Body Art
Celtic History

What does a Celtic tattoo symbolize?

Celtic History

Who was the captain of the 2005-2006 Boston Celtics?

Paul Pierce

Celtic Mythology
Celtic History

What would the Celts do to make their homes undesirable to lost spirits on October 31?

Probably dressed up to scare away the spirits?

Celtic History

What does a Celtic motherhood knot look like?

The Celtic Motherhood Knot or better known as The Celtic Mother's Knot is unassuming stylized holy trinity knot depicting a parent and child embrace. It is representative of the Madonna and child. Combined with a Celtic trinity knot it is a true testament to the enduring bond between a mother, her child, faith and their Celtic heritage.

The Celtic motherhood symbol looks like 2 hearts made out of knot work. One heart is lower than the first heart and both hearts are intertwined in a continuous knot.

To add children to the Celtic motherhood symbol, you add dots. 1 dot per child. These dots can be placed anywhere inside or outside the motherhood symbol.

History of Europe
Ancient History
Celtic History

When did Celtic culture begin?

Well first of all you have to figure out what a celt is while many cultures claim to be Celtic few that we think of actually are.

As near as anyone can figure as to what a celt is are the galician, halstat and letene most of these cultures existed for years.

Reserching into Spanish, German, French and many Mainland Europes history will give you the origins of the Celtic culture believe it or not the Irish culture is not a Celtic culture but you have to admit it's a good tourist money making ticket.


Well first of all you have to figure out what a celt is while many cultures claim to be Celtic few that we think of actually are.

As near as anyone can figure as to what a celt is are the galician, halstat and letene most of these cultures existed for years.

The Eurocentric view of the tribes variously and often wrongly described as 'Celts' has

in the past decade changed.There is growing evidence linguistically and culturally,and in the field of music especially that the origins of the tribes of semi nomadic Celt can be traced to their Amazigh roots in North Africa (what the Greeks called the Berbers, who are not negroid,but mediterranean skinned) .Due to pressure from tribes to the east ,they left their tribal lands after the end of the last ice age, travelling into Spain, and parts of the tribe settled in the Basque area.They were quick to adopt the cultures of all those around them and took credit for skills developed by others as they moved through Europe into the Baltic lands where they interbred with other peoples and became disseminated although the remnants of the earlier migration are believed to have travelled to Gallicia and eventually arrived in Southern Ireland where their dark swarthy features and red hair resemble those of the Amazigh.This then is where Celtic culture began.

Third Answer:The second answer is a personal theory. The DNA evidence doe not link Berbers to Celts although it does link them to the Basques and Galicians.
The Difference Between
Celtic Mythology
Celtic History

What is the difference between Celts and Picts?

The difference is that the Picts were a people who merged with the Scots and Gaels, but the Celts were not a people, more a collection of semi-mythical primitive tribes somewhere in the Northern Spanish area where the Basques are today.Some say they came from Morocco first then migrated.

The difference is that the Picts were a people who merged with the Scots and Gaels, but the Celts were not a people, more a collection of semi-mythical primitive tribes somewhere in the Northern Spanish area where the Basques are today.Some say they came from Morocco first then migrated.

Answer Modern thinking is that Picts were in fact from Norway - which would make them Germanic of origin - not the kind of dark skinned Berber Celt that the Basques etc are. Why the 'Scots' are often blond haired.

Boston Celtics
Celtic History

Celtic players since 1970?

Jorge Kadette, Henrik Larsson. Paul McStay, Jackie McNamara, Neil Lennon.

no they have been playing b 4 that but they did not have da same coach

Human Origins
Celtic History

Who were the Celts?

The Celts of Britain and Ireland are descended from a population who expanded out of northern Spain after the last Ice Age (See R1b on Wiki). The DNA doesn't show any connection with Berbers. They are the source of dark hair and eyes among the Celts; they are not dark-skinned however.


Answer: The Celts were a group of tribes who originated in the Berber areas of North Africa and were a small dark skinned people who at a later time migrated to the Iberian peninsular gradually spreading into Galicia and the Basque regions, where traces of them may still exist. The confusion arises as to whether they ever existed as one tribe or even several tribes due to Roman commanders describing them as abnormally tall and ginger haired, thus putting them at odds with the facts. The people they mention are probably a Baltic group, Germanic in appearance and very unlikely to be 'Celts'.

The swarthy appearance of some people in North Wales and the Irish islands and in the Scottish highlands suggest these may be the remnants of the lost 'Celts'

The above is correct. But I am not sure about the North Welsh. dark skinned they may be - but they are possibly remenants of dark skinned Romano-Brythonic peoples who were pushed there by the Anglo-Saxon invaders of the 5th - 6th Centuries. But they could be Berber origins.
The Celts were a diverse group of tribal societies in Iron Age and Roman-era Europe who spoke Celtic languages. They were warriors and didn't like to follow much anyone but their tribe.

Celtic History

What did the Celts drink?

The ancient Celts drank beer and also mead (made from honey) and they also drank milk from cows, sheep and goats though they usually drank the whey as they used the milk for making cheese. They were also known to import wine.

History of Ireland
History of Scotland
Welsh History
The Difference Between
Celtic Mythology
Celtic History

The Gaels and the Brythons were two groups of Celts that did what?

invaded the british isles.

Ancient History
Celtic History

At one time the Celts nearly ruled the ancient world then suddenly they just withdrew stopped fighting and trying to expand their territory why?

They were not a united nation. Their expansion into Europe was not the result of a national policy but merely the result of local tribes attacking and defeating local neighbors and it was very gradual. When they made contact with peoples, such as the Greeks and Romans, who could muster greater resources than the local Celtic tribe, they could go no further. In addition, they were always fighting one another. They did not really see themselves as one people set against outside, non-Celtic people. One Celtic tribe would be just as likely to fight with a neighboring Celtic tribe as with a non-Celtic one. Michael Montagne

The Celts were too war-like and very hard to control. They basically self-destructed.

"The Celtic tradition of preferring indiviual combat over regimented organisation made the Celts look for alternative ways to resist. Guerilla tactics, resistance and even outright retreat, when outnumbered, gave Caesar the impression the Celts were "cowards"; but nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, Celtic leaders had trouble keeping their warriors from attacking Romans strong points head-on."

There is an excellent article, Vercingetorix: Gallic Warrior against Rome Contents, that gives the reader some insight on the Celts. The link to this article can be found in the Related Links to the right.

In addition, I think you are confusing the Celts with the Mongols, who did conquer perhaps the largest land empire in world history, and did suddenly recede from Europe just before conquering it.

If you are referring to the true Celts, then the answer is that there were no one "Celts". Rather, it was a large, very diverse group which shared a common derived language. As answer #1 points out above, the "Celts" were really many different tribes of folks, and not some single nationality.


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