Normal cocaine (Cocaine Hydrochloride) is the typical white
powder people snort. This form is a water soluble salt of the
cocaine free base and the HCl. This form also vaporizes at a
temperature very close to the temperature at which it burns, making
it difficult to smoke.
Crack cocaine is a cheap yet inefficient method of freeing the
base cocaine molecule from the salt. It uses baking soda to remove
the proton from the base. However, this safe, cheap method does not
involve any purification steps, leaving some water and baking soda
(impurity) along with the newly formed "crack" which forms crystals
and floats to the top. So freebase cocaine along with other
impurites are what make up crack cocaine.
Freebase cocain is formed by a similar process. However, ammonia
is used to remove the proton and free the cocaine base. Diethyl
ether (extremely flammable and volatile) is used to dissolve and
remove the freebase cocaine. This can simply be siphoned off the
top since ethyl ether does not mix with the water/ammonia solution.
The Diethyl Ether evaporates and pure freebase cocaine is left
The straight forward answer is that there is absolutely no
difference between crack and cocaine base, because crack is a
street name or nick for cocaine base. The uses and effects are 100%
So the next question is why is there a higher penalty for crack
than cocaine base. The straight forward answer is our Legislative,
Executive and Judicial branch has engaged in racial discrimination
when charging black americans, which is what we call the new form
of the Jim Crow Law.
Whites who are charged with cocaine base don't get the aka crack
added to their indictment and therefore since 1914 the federal
statute continues to treat cocaine hydrochloride (snortable) the
same as cocaine base (smokable) , whites therefore receive a lesser
Black Americans on the other hand get the aka crack included in
their indictment therefore receiving excessively long prison
sentences. Example a white person who is charged with 5 grams of
cocaine base would get a 6 to 12 months sentence the same sentence
5 gram cocaine powder would provide 'a misdemeanor'.
While the black individual who possess the same quantity would
receive, a mandatory minimum sentence of 5 years which is a felony
for a substance that is identical to the substance a white person
possessed, the only difference is the aka crack term used in the
indcitment to described the cocaine base possessed by the black
So a fact, which is undissputable, crack does not physically or
scientifically exist because no scientifically test exists that
would differientiate cocaine base as being crack remember it is a
street term, the test only results in cocaine base.
Therefore crack is a nick name for cocaine base. Crack and
cocaine base are the same thing, the only difference is what race
you are and the sentence imposed, because of your race.