Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones
Australia Natural Disasters
Cyclone Yasi

Cyclone Tracy

Category 4 Severe Tropical Cyclone Tracy devastated Darwin, Australia over the Christmas holiday in 1974. The storm killed 71 people, and caused $837 million in damages.

Asked in Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones, Cyclone Yasi, Cyclone Tracy

How do you prepare for a cyclone?

Board up the windows, find a safe place or leave, depending on your situation. Have canned food and bottled water if you stay and hope for the best. Further information: Emergency Management Queensland's website offers the following advice for basic action before and during a cyclone: Have a list of emergency phone numbers is an easily accessible position Determine which is the strongest, most secure room in your house Pack an Emergency kit which includes items such as first aid, torch and portable radio with spare...
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What was the deadliest tropical cyclone?

The deadliest hurricane to hit the United States was the Galveston, Texas hurricane of September 8, 1900. Between 8,000 and 12,000 people died. The technology for prediction of these storms did not exist, so the town was not evacuated. The deadliest anywhere in the Atlantic Basin was called "The Great Hurricane" - more than 27,000 people died in Oct 1780, mostly in the Leeward Islands and Puerto Rico. More recently, Hurricane Mitch killed over 19,000 in 1998 in Central America. In the Pacific...
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How did Cyclone Tracy impact on the environment?

Cyclone Tracy, 1974, ended in almost complete destruction, which caused a catastrophic disruption to Darwin. Water supplies were down as Darwin's supply was contaminated and there were no clean supplies. Sewerage lines were cut, resulting in a lack of sanitation, and poisons therefore leached out into the environment. Surprisingly, there was not a lot of drenching rain or storm surge associated with Cyclone Tracy, so none of the usual problems resulted from that quarter. Trees were uprooted, and animal habitats destroyed. Witnesses reported absolute...
Asked in Science, Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones, Plural Nouns, Cyclone Tracy

How are Cyclones predicted?

They are predicted using global climatic measurements (including sea surface temperature) and by using meteorological satellites (which can see them forming and measure their speed and heading). ...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

How many people were officially confirmed dead in Cyclone Tracy?

Officially, 71 people died in tropical cyclone Tracy, which struck Darwin, the capital city of Australia's Northern Territory, overnight on December 24, 1974, continuing until the morning of December 25. Most of the city was destroyed in the cyclone. Initially, 65 deaths were reported: 49 on land and 16 at sea, but on March 17, 2005 a new Coroner's report found six people on board the vessel Booya, which sank in Darwin Harbour during Cyclone Tracy, to have perished at sea. This effectively...
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When were people warned about Cyclone Tracy?

Warnings about Cyclone Tracy were first issued from 21 December 1974. Over the next four days, over 30 different warnings were issued. ...
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When did Cyclone Tracy hit Darwin?

Cyclone Tracy moved in late on Christmas Eve, 24 December 1974. The eye passed directly over Darwin just after midnight on December 25, and the cyclone had passed completely by around 7:00am the next morning. ...
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What caused Cyclone Tracy?

A cyclone - which is the Australian name for a hurricane - caused Cyclone Tracy. It actually began as a tropical depression in the Arafura Sea, north od Darwin. It developed into a small, but very intense tropical storm, which then developed cyclone status, passing right over Darwin on Christmas Eve 1974. Cyclones are intense low pressure systems which begin rotating and form a central eye. Part of the reason for the high damage level was the unpredictable way that Tracy moved....
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

How did Cyclone Tracy start?

Cyclones are perfectly normal weather phenomena, common in northern parts of Australia. Cyclone Tracy began as a depression in the Arafura Sea on 20 December 1974. It gradually moved in a southwesterly direction, whereupon it intensified. After that, it moved sharply in an east-southeasterly direction, then headed straight for Darwin. For details on how cyclones occur, see the related links. ...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

How did Darwin change and recover after Cyclone Tracy?

It was completely destroyed, and it had to be rebuilt. A link is provided for more detailed information. People had to leave the city, and some people never returned to Darwin, but stayed in other cities. When Darwin had to rebuild from scratch, it started off with far fewer people living there. The city was then rebuilt according to new building codes, and it is now regarded as a modern multicultural city of around 100,000 people. The new building codes also spread...
Asked in Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones, Example Sentences, Cyclone Tracy

Temperate and tropical cyclones?

Both temperate and tropical cyclones are low pressure adiabatic systems. However, the temperate cyclones are those which occur in mid latitudes i.e. 400 to 600 N & S. These are formed due to convergence of the warm (tropical) and Cold (Polar) airmasses. This is important to note that there confusion somewhere that these are formed by the convergence of warm and cold winds. Difference between winds and airmasses should carefully be understood. These cyclones, being convergence of contrasting airmasses, have clear and well...
Asked in Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones, Idioms, Cliches, and Slang, Cyclone Tracy

How do you know a cyclones coming?

As soon as you see a spinning low pressure system out in significantly hot water out in the ocean this could be the beginning of a cyclone. There are usually spots of ocean that are marked as notorious hot water spots for forming cyclones. From a low pressure system it could then develop into a tropical low and then develop further into a tropical cyclone. ...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

What category storm was Cyclone Tracy?

Cyclone Tracy was a category 4 storm whilst still out at sea, but there is some evidence to suggest that it had reached category 5 status when it made landfall. The wind gauge at Darwin Airport officially recorded winds of 217 kilometres per hour before being blown away itself. Unofficial estimates suggest that the wind speed actually reached 300 kilometres per hour. ...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

What was Darwin like before Cyclone Tracy hit in 1974?

Before Cyclone Tracy hit in 1974, Darwin had a population of 48, 000 residents. Darwin had grown rapidly in the post-war years, and many houses, though comfortable, were not made to withstand cyclonic forces. A lot of houses were raised off the ground, to catch the sea breezes in the high humidity. This meant that in a cyclone, winds could get underneath and literally lift the house off its supporting poles. There were a lot of Aboriginal shanty-town settlements on the fringes...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

Who helped out people in Darwin after Cyclone Tracy?

Other Australians helped by offering donations to help the people who lost their homes and possessions - clothing, food, materials, temporary shelter: most Australians did something to help if they could. Answer The Commonwealth Government organised most of the efforts led by Major -General Alan Stretton of the Natural Disasters Organisation, and also the Northern Territory Government. The army was also called in to assist. Various community groups raised funds and distributed aid. The first response came from the Northern Territory police. They had already made...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

How did Cyclone Tracy start in December 1974?

Cyclone Tracy began as a tropical low several days before it hit Darwin. Up until a few hours before, it was not expected to affect the town, but unexpectedly turned and headed straight for Darwin on Christmas Eve, making a direct hit in the early hours of Christmas Day. See the Web Link below for more information. The site has a number of other pages, including all the warnings issued in the preceding days. A cyclone - which is the Australian name...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

How did people react to Cyclone Tracy?

Among the people of Darwin itself, there were quite different individual reactions. For example: Ignoring the warnings - many residents chose this option because there had been previous threats of cyclones, yet Darwin had not actually been hit by a cyclone for many years, and it was also Christmas Eve - surely they wouldn't be hit at Christmas?! Heeding the warnings and taking the suggested precautions for securing items and preparing for loss of services, e.g. water, electricity. Evacuating early, before the cyclone hit. After...
Asked in Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones, Australia, Cyclone Tracy

When do cyclones occur in Australia?

November to April is the official cyclone season, although November cyclones are rare and there have been cyclones outside of the season, such as in May. The reason cyclones occur at this time is because these are Australia's warmest months, and cyclones need warm sea temperatures of 26.5 degrees Celsius or higher to form. See the link below for the frequency of cyclones for each month below. ...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

What time did Cyclone Tracy start?

Cyclone Tracy developed over several days before it turned and headed for Darwin on December 24th 1974. Gale force winds began in the town at around midnight and the peak gust of wind was recorded at 3:05 am on the 25th before the equipment ceased to function. ...
Asked in Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones, Australia Natural Disasters, Cyclone Tracy

What category storm was Cyclone Larry?

== == == Cyclone Larry reached the status of a Category 5 storm on the Australian Tropical Cyclone Scale while out at sea. When it made landfall in Far North Queensland Larry was rated as a Category 4 storm with wind gusts topping at 240 km/h (150 mph). ...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

What happened during Cyclone Tracy?

Cyclone Tracy began as a tropical storm out in the Arafura Sea. It developed into a category 4 cyclone as it moved towards Australia's northern coast. On Christmas Day, 25 December 1974, Tracy made landfall and left Darwin in shreds. The cyclone passed directly over Darwin just after midnight, with its 'eye' centred on the airport and northern suburbs. The wind gauge at Darwin Airport officially recorded winds of 217 kilometres per hour before being blown away itself. Unofficial estimates suggest that...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

What was the effect of Cyclone Tracy?

The effects of Cyclone Tracy were profound. Many people lost all they had and left Darwin permanently. 65 people lost their lives. See the Web Link 'Cyclone Tracy Aftermath Index' to the left. Further information: It is said that the government wanted to downplay the actual death toll, as an election was looming. Sources indicate that only those who died and could actually be identified were included in the death toll. Perhaps hundreds more were killed, especially among the indigenous communities of the...
Asked in Cyclone Tracy

What were the economic impacts of Cyclone Tracy?

There were numerous economic effects from Cyclone Tracy. They included: Huge loss of homes - the city had to be virtually rebuilt from scratch. There were enormous costs involved in rebuilding infrastructure and damaged buildings. Reduced income for businesses affected by damage resulting from the cyclone. Local businesses had building damage and lost some of their produce. This drove up prices of goods and supplies because they had to be brought in from further away, so the businesses had to pay more for transportation costs. Many...