Egyptian Mythology

Believing in multiple Gods, ancient Egyptians wrote mythological stories to explain their roles. Some well-known Egyptian myths include the story of Osiris and Isis and the creation story involving the Ogdoad.

6,491 Questions
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

Short summary of isis and osiris?

Nut gave birth to Osiris, Set, Nephthys, Isis, and Horus. Osiris married Isis, as Set married Nephthys. When Osiris was bigger, he was seated on the throne and ruled Egypt as a good and great king.

Osiris left Egypt to teach the people of other lands, and Isis ruled in his place. Set tried to get the throne of Osiris, but he failed the first time. After that, he invited Osiris on a feast. He had already taken the measurements of his brother, and made a chest that fit Osiris exactly. Everyone at the feast admired the wooden chest and desired to own it. Set said that the person who fits perfectly in the chest would his own. The chest fit no one properly except Osiris. He locked him in and threw him in the Nile.

The wooden chest floated into the Great Green and came ashore at Byblos, in Syria. There it was flung by the waves into a tamarisk bush. The bush grew into a mighty tree that enclosed the chest. The king of Syria found it there. He cut the tree and made a pillar that enclosed the chest, that was supported by the roof of his palace.

Isis came searching for the wooden chest. She talked to the Queen's maid servants and braided their hair. The Queen was delighted by the beautiful braids which smelled like sweet perfume, and invited Isis into the palace. Isis took care of a baby price. She placed the child in a fire. The Queen ran to the child and pulled him out of the fire, thereby denying him immortality. Isis revealed who she was and asked the King for the wooden chest that was enclosed by the pillar. The pillar split open and Isis took the wooden that contained the body of Osiris.

Iris took his body back to Egypt and hid it in a secret place. Set found it by hunting in the moonlight. He cut it into 14 pieces, which he scattered throughout the land. Isis searched the land and buried each piece in the land and a temple was built by men at each place where a piece of Osiris was buried. And 13 different cities came to be the burial place of Osiris. Osiris entered the Duat (underworld) and ruled there as a good and just king.

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Ancient History
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

Why did the ancient egyptians worship horus?

Horus was the living Pharaoh, god of rulers, law, war, young men, light, the sun.

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Ancient Egypt
King Tutankhamun
Egyptian Mythology

Who ruled Egypt as a God King?

it was Ramses originally but it is the pharaohs.

All Pharaohs ruled Egypt as "God Kings", before and after Ramses, from the time that Narmer / Nemes united Upper and Lower Egypt.

According to the Polytheistic Religion practiced in Khmt (Black Land) the Pharaoh was regarded as a manifestation of Horus in life and Osiris in death. Horus is the God of war & hunting, son of Osiris (God of the after life) and Isis / Aset (Goddess of Magic, Maternity, Protection, Medicine....)

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Ancient Religions
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

What did the Ancient Egyptian god Horus wear?

The Pharaoh was Horus on earth, so Horus is often represented wearing the "double crown" -- the combined white crown of upper Egypt (it kind of looks like a big bowling pin lol) and the red crown of lower Egypt to symbolize his association with and authorization of the ruling family. He is usually in the form of a man with a falcon head, though sometimes he is represented as just a falcon wearing the double crown. While Re was the sun god, Horus represented the various stages of the sun (dawn, morning, afternoon, evening, and the hidden sun at night) which paralleled the stages of human life. In representing the stages of the sun as well as the life of "the son", because of course the pharaoh, like Horus, was the son of a god (Osiris was Horus's father, but the pharaoh was son of a father God/King and through him could be the son of whatever god he or his family wanted to associate themselves with) who had (as the Egyptians would say) "gone to the West" (ie died and been reborn), Horus is sometimes shown with such things as an eye or a solar disk to suggest which stage he is meant to portray. His actual name in Egyptian was simply "Hor". Horus is the Greek version of his name. While he is not a primordial god, he was one of the earliest gods worshipped in Egypt, for he was the son of the first god, Osiris, to die and be resurrected. His mythology centers around setting order over chaos through victory over the god Seth, who was responsible for murdering his father. While Horus's father ruled the underworld after his death, Horus was the god who remained in the earthly realm in his father's stead, ruling, as the pharaohs hoped they would too, with the blessing of those who had come before and as an example of maat (order and justice) to those who would follow.

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Ancient Religions
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

Who is Thoth's wife?

Egyptian myths can be slightly confusing, so brace yourself...

In a well known myth to those who are familiar with basic Egyptian myths is the myth of the Ogdoad, these were the 8 children (4 sets of twins) born of Thoth and his wife Ma'at, daughter of Ra, who was the personification of truth and justice.

But, in some Nomes (Regions) of Egypt, another wife of Thoth was the goddess Seshat, who was his 'counter-part' as goddess of the written word.

I've tried to keep this a s simple as possible, so sorry if I ended up confusing you ...

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Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

What is the symbol of Osiris?

The Djed or spinal column

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Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

What role did Horus play in ancient Egypt?

Horus is the god of the living Pharaoh, rulers, law, war, young men, light, the sun.

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Hieroglyphics
Egyptian Mythology

How do you write Thoth in hieroglyphs?

Thoth is not the Egyptian version of his name, but an approximation used by the Greeks who visited Egypt. In hieroglyphs he is called DHwty, the D being a sound like "dj". We can never know how this was pronounced by the ancient Egyptians, but modern Egyptologists say Djehuty.

There are many ways of writing this in hieroglyphs and scribes could choose to write the name in full or in abbreviated form, depending on the available space.

Often the name is written with Thoth's totem bird, the Egyptian ibis, mounted on a kind of stand; this is followed by the loaf-sign (t) and two short, sloping strokes (y). The determinative sign for "god" is usually written at the end.

When written out in full and using phonemes (sound-signs), it has the cobra (dj) + the twisted rope (h) + the chick (w) + the loaf (t) + the two sloping strokes (y) = DHwty. Again the "god" determinative would usually follow.

The link takes you to an image of Thoth as a scribe, with his name written in typical shortened form at the top of the right-hand column (the first column of text):

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Greek and Roman Mythologies
The Difference Between
Egyptian Mythology

What are the differences between Greek and Egyptian mythology?

Egyptian religion focused on worshiping the Sun and the Nile, so their gods represented those aspects most often. Additionally, there were far fewer Egyptian deities and they were not really modeled after the Egyptians themselves, with many combining the features of humans and animals together.

The Greek pantheon was plentiful, and while there was plenty of sun worship among the Greeks, their chief deity was God of the Heavens, which was a way to make their chief god more important than the chief god of other peoples (who usually put the sun god at the head of their pantheon). This would allow the Greeks to easily subjugate, religiously, any other god forms (which they did in Egypt by equating Ra to Helios/Apollo, making Zeus his ruler/father). The Greeks also did not deify their rulers the way the Egyptians did.

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Mobile Phones
Egyptian Mythology

How do you write a valid phone number?

First right the area code for example 1-902- (dash) than the first three numbers -the last three numbers. ie: 1-902-123-45678

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Religion & Spirituality
Egyptian Mythology

What animal was Sekhmet associated with?

Sekhmet was associated with lions. In all her depictions she is presented as a lioness, often with the body of a woman. This shows her fierce, destructive, and even maternal side.

In her myth, when she returns to Ra after having ran away and ravaged mankind she is transformed in to the benevolent cat Goddess Bast, showing her pacified aspect.

So Sekhmet is associated with Lions and domestic cats.

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Ancient Religions
English to Hebrew
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

Who was Isis' beloved?

Osiris

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Egyptian Mythology

How was horus conceived?

Horus was born to the goddess Isis after she retrieved all the dismembered body parts of her murdered husband Osiris, except his penis which was thrown into the Nile and eaten by a catfish, and used her magic powers to resurrect Osiris and fashion a gold phallus to conceive her son. In another version of the story, Isis was impregnated by divine fire.

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Family Guy
Greek and Roman Mythologies
Egyptian Mythology

Where do Gryphons originate?

They are most commenly found in Greek Mythology but can also be found in Egyptian myth.

The griffin, griffon, or gryphon(Greek: γρύφων, grýphōn, or γρύπων, grýpōn, early form γρύψ, grýps; Latin: gryphus) is a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. As the lion was traditionally considered the king of the beasts and the eagle was the king of the birds, the griffin was thought to be an especially powerful and majestic creature. The griffin was also thought of as king of the creatures. Griffins are known for guarding treasure and priceless possessions. Adrienne Mayor, a classical folklorist, proposes that the griffin was an ancient misconception derived from the fossilized remains of the Protoceratops found in gold mines in the Altai mountains of Scythia, in present day southeastern Kazakhstan. In antiquity it was a symbol of divine power and a guardian of the divine. Some have suggested that the word griffin is cognate with Cherub.

While Griffins are most common in Ancient Greece, there is evidence of Griffins in Ancient Egyptian art as far back as 3,300 BC.

Most statues have bird-like talons, although in some older illustrations griffins have a lion's forelimbs; they generally have a lion's hindquarters. Its eagle's head is conventionally given prominent ears; these are sometimes described as the lion's ears, but are often elongated (more like a horse's), and are sometimes feathered. The earliest depiction of griffins are the 15th century BC frescoes in the Throne Room of the Bronze Age Palace of Knossos, as restored by SirArthur Evans. It continued being a favored decorative theme in Archaic and Classical Greek art. In Central Asia the griffin appears about a thousand years after Bronze Age Crete, in the 5th-4th centuries BC, probably originating from the Achaemenid Persian Empire. The Achaemenids considered the griffin "a protector from evil, witchcraft and secret slander".

The modern generalist calls it the lion-griffin, as for example, Robin Lane Fox, in Alexander the Great, 1973:31 and notes p. 506, who remarks a lion-griffin attacking a stag in a pebble mosaic Dartmouth College expedition at Pella, perhaps as an emblem of the kingdom of Macedon or a personal one of Alexander's successor Antipater.

The Pisa Griffin is a large bronze sculpture which has been in Pisa in Italy since the Middle Ages, though it is of Islamic origin. It is the largest bronze medieval Islamic sculpture known, at over three feet tall (42.5 inches, or 1.08 m.), and was probably created in the 11th century in Al-Andaluz(Islamic Spain).

From about 1100 it was placed on a column on the roof of Pisa Cathedral until replaced by a replica in 1832; the original is now in the Museo dell' Opera del Duomo (Cathedral Museum), Pisa.

Infrequently, a griffin is portrayed without wings, or a wingless eagle-headed lion is identified as a griffin; in 15th-century and later heraldry such a beast may be called an alce or a keythong. In heraldry, a griffin always has forelegs like an eagle's; the beast with forelimbs like a lion's forelegs was distinguished by perhaps only one English herald of later heraldry as the opinicus.

See provided link for further information.

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Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

Why is sekhmet important?

Sekhmet was the goddess of war. The lion was the fiercest creature in all of Egypt, so, the Egyptians thought the goddess of war would have a lion head. She appears also in the form of a lioness, with a sun disc glowing above her head. In her human(ish) form, she would defend the Pharaoh and his army by destroying his enemies with her fiery arrows.

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Ancient Religions
Egyptian Mythology
Anubis

Was Anubis real?

Anubis was an Egyptian god. He is considered by most today to be primarily mythological only. He actually held two positions in Egypt, depending on when in Egyptian history one was alive. In the early Dynastic periods he was considered the highest god in context to the dead and spirit world. His duties were belonging to any event post life on Earth. He watched over mummifications, burials, and the transition of the spirits. However, in the later periods during the Middle Kingdom he was reduced in scope to be below his fellow God Osiris, eventually resulting in the people declaring Osiris was his father.

Many people believed in the reality of Anubis up into the second century A.D. Even the Greeks Hellenized him to become joined with Hermes, resulting in Hermenubis. In dealing with most issues of faith, I would say that there is no current archaeological evidence indicating Anubis was ever a real creature. The evidence definitely indicates he was worshipped by the Egyptians as a real deity. Therefore, as with most issues of religion, it becomes your decision to believe or not to believe in Anubis' reality.

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Egyptian Mythology

What does the living horus mean?

The phrase, "The Living Horus" was used by Egyptian pharaohs who believed themselves to be an incarnation of the God Horus on Earth. In death, the pharaoh is associated with Osiris - god of the Underworld or Afterlife and the father of the God Horus. It is the god Osiris who grants the pharaoh everlasting life and the spirit of the deceased pharaoh is then associated with the constellation of Orion.

Osiris and Horus are the same deity in different manifestations: Horus represents the sun at dawn while Osiris is the sun at sunset when it disappears below the horizon. So, Osiris dies and is resurrected: to live again as Horus.

It's like when people used to say: "The King is dead! Long live the King!" The death of one pharaoh is swiftly followed by the ascension to the throne of his successor. When a pharaoh died, joining Osiris, the new pharaoh becomes the "Living Horus". Does that help?

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Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

How did goddess Isis die?

Isis didnt die. He was locked away in a coffin, and was dragged down the river of Nile and ended up in Phoencia (Lebanon), and the coffin got stuck inside a trunk of a cedar tree. That tree was used to make pillars for the king, and until then, 7 parts of his body were seprated, and that represents 7 full moons each year.

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Old Testament
Geometry
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

What did Amun look like?

Godly

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Mythology
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

Who is the Egyptian goddess of fire?

Two Egyptian goddesses have been chosen as goddesses of fire.

In the Egyptian pantheon, Tefnut was the goddess of humidity/moisture and, oddly enough, also the goddess of fire.

Sekhmet, the goddess of sun, was also worshipped as a goddess of fire.

Tefnut and Sekhmet are both usually represented as women-lionesses (body of a woman, head of a lionesse).

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Egyptian Mythology

Why is Sobek an important god?

Sobek is a freaking crocodile what don't u understand 4 real he'll eat u. God stop putting me under pressure !

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Ancient Religions
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

What do the Egyptian god seth represent?

Set, or Seth, or Sitri, as he is known in the Goetia, was the God of Darkness, the desert, storms, and mischief. He was certainly not an evil god, for that is too simple a classification. He can represent chaos to a degree, and is certainly quite dark, but he is usually benign. He often helped humans and there are many depictions of him showing humans how to do various things to improve their lives (crafts, farming, etc.) and he was often helpful to other gods, battling the forces of darkness and chaos to allow the Sun to make its daily journey. However, he did kill his brother, Osiris and cut his body into 28 pieces (Osiris is a Moon God, the Moon has 28 days in its cycle). This is when Osiris fully became god of the afterlife. Osiris and Set are some of the most important of all Egyptian Gods.

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Fables and Folklore
Greek and Roman Mythologies
Egyptian Mythology

What is a Gryphon?

A Gryphon or Griffon or Griffin is a mythological creature with the body, tail, and back legs of a lion; the head and wings of an eagle; and an eagle's talons as its front feet.

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Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Mythology

How does the Egyptian god re represent the sun?

long along time the earth was dark and the Egyptian god re present the sun, so we have light on the earth we live.

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Ancient Egypt
Aphrodite (Venus)
Egyptian Mythology

What do Aphrodite and Hathor have in common?

Firstly, they were both the goddess of love, they were both married, and they both had fiery tempers. They also both loved making helpless mortals fall in love with each other, often against their will and they were both voted the most beautiful of the goddesses.

Aphrodite was a Greek goddess. Hathor was an Egyptian goddess.

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