Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials were tribunals held by the Allied Forces after World War 2. More than twenty leaders of the Third Reich were tried for the atrocities committed during the Holocaust, as well as other war crimes.

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Nuremberg Trials

Who was convicted in the Nuremberg trials?

To read about the full trial and who was convicted go to the website listed to the right.

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Is there a list of Nazis who escaped prosecution in the Nuremberg Trials?

There were millions of members of the Nazi Party, most of whom did not actually commit war crimes. The Nuremburg trials only dealt with the senior party leadership. Michael Montagne

AnswerYes, there were several. One of the main reason that some escaped, say, hanging was because of their health. AnswerThe vast majority of those Nazis who committed serious crimes escaped prosecution. From 1942 till early 1945 the total number of personnel employed in the death camps and other concentration camps was 60,000+. No more than 1,000 were put on trial. (Obviously, it wouldn't have been possible to secure convictions in all cases). In addition to camp personnel, there were also large numbers of serious war crimes committed outside camps.

As for 'lists', some of the more notorious Nazis were tracked down by Simon Wiesenthal and others, some by the Israeli secret service and a few came to light in other ways. In WW2 Britain and the U.S. promised to punish those responsible for war crimes. However, to a large extent this promise wasn't honoured.

Joncey

and when they did flee or escape most of them fleed to latin america.

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Nuremberg Trials

Why did the Nuremberg Trials take place in Nuremberg?

It was rather a ironic and symbolic place to hold the trials. From 1927-1938, the Nazis held major rallies there. It was there where the Nazis passed the Nuremberg Laws, outlawing the Jews doing really anything.

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What was the cost of the Nuremberg Trials?

His name was Sir Hans Undenburg.

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What were the Nuremberg trials and what were they supposed to accomplish?

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Did the Nuremberg trials give the Jews justice?

Aside from the point brought up by Dan Galilee in his Expert Answer, which is that only a few Nazis were actually tried and convicted, many genocide-victims would take objection to the idea that there could actually be justice for the victims of a genocide. The trials provided vindication of the crimes, but there is no amount of suffering, pain, humiliation, degradation, etc. that could be conferred upon the perpetrators of the Holocaust for them to understand in a visceral way what they did to millions of people. That understanding, perhaps could be justice. Admittedly, Jews have gotten trials, at least, as opposed to Armenians, Rwandans, Cambodians, Chinese, Caucasian Peoples (e.g. peoples of the Caucasus Mountains like Kalmyks and Daghestanis), and numerous other groups have never gotten any sort of trial or vindication of the suffering they went through, but justice is impossible.

If anything has been justice for the Jews, it has been what the German people have done in the years since the Holocaust to reach out to the Jewish World and atone, often for actions that only their parents, grandparents, or great-grandparents were involved in. The undoing of the motivation for hatred taken by the younger generation could be seen as a form of justice.

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The Nuremberg Trials held Japanese war criminals accountable for crimes agenst humanity in violation of the rules of war true or false?

The first Nuremberg trial were only for the European war criminals (Class-A). Subsequent Nuremberg trials were held for lesser criminals. Other European countries also held separate trials for lesser war criminals (Class B & C).

The International Military Tribunal for the Far Ear were for major Japanese war criminals (Class-A). Other countries held separate trials for lesser (Class-B and C) war criminals.

Also after WWI Germany agreed to hold war crimes trials but since the allies did not occupy the German/Austrian nations, the trials were not generally successful, thought the court did its best.

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What charges were made against Nazis at the Nuremberg Trials?

"Crimes against Humanity"

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What were the Nuremberg Trials?

In the Nuremberg trials many leading Nazis were tried for their crimes committed during World War II.

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The Nuremberg trials were international military tribunals held after WWII in 1946 onwards, which tried accused Nazi war criminals for crimes against humanity.

There was a whole series of Nuremberg Trials, starting with the Trial of the Major War Criminals in 1945-46.

Of the 24 members of the Nazi leadership, three were acquitted, twelve were sentenced to death by hanging and the rest were handed prison sentences ranging from ten years to life.

On October 16, 1946 ten of the twelve men were hanged. One was tried and convicted in absentia, originally presumed escaped, he was later declared dead by the German government. And the other, managed to commit suicide hours before his scheduled execution.

Many other individuals and organizations were tried such as military officers guards, financiers and other collaborators. The Nuremberg trials resulted in 24 executions, 128 imprisonments and 35 acquittals.

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In addition to the Nuremberg Trials there were many other trials of people accused of atrocities. For example, there were separate trials for those accused of atrocities at Bergen-Belsen (September-November 1945) and Auschwitz (1947-48).

The Nazis' acts against humanity in supporting the killing off of all the Jews, and for not trying to stop the crimes.

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To put all Nazi Generals on Trial for the Holocaust.

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Was there controversy in the Nuremberg Trials?

yes

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What was the purpose of the Nuremberg trials which took place 1945 to 1949?

Chief US Prosecutor said it best in his opening statement:

"The wrongs which we seek to condemn and punish have been so calculated, so malignant, and so devastating, that civilization cannot tolerate their being ignored, because it cannot survive their being repeated. That four great nations, flushed with victory and stung with injury stay the hand of vengeance and voluntarily submit their captive enemies to the judgment of the law is one of the most significant tributes that Power has ever paid to Reason."

"The common sense of mankind demands that law shall not stop with the punishment of petty crimes by little people. It must also reach men who possess themselves of great power and make deliberate and concerted use of it to set in motion evils which leave no home in the world untouched."

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What was the purpose of the Nuremberg trials?

Short answer: The punishment of Nazi war criminals.

To bring key Nazis to justice and to show the world what the Nazis had done ... (The alternative considered by the Allies was simply to kill them without trial).

This question is much too extensive to answer here. There was not one trial at Nuremberg - there were a number of them. The first, and best-known one was that of the Major War Criminals (1945-46). There was also a doctors trial, a judges trial, and the list goes on. The Web has many excellent links about the work of the Nuremberg War Crimes tribunal.

You can refer to the related link below regarding the Nuremberg War Trials .

During the Nuremburg Trials (Nuremburg Germany, 1945-46), 24 of the surviving Nazi leaders were tried, most notably:

Hermann Goering - tried and charged with crimes against humanity. The night before he was to be hanged, he killed himself by cyanide tablet.

Joachim von Ribbentrop - Foreign Minister of Germany. Hanged for war crimes.

Wilhelm Keitel - Famed German Field Marshal and Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, or High Command of the Armed Forces. Tried and sentenced to death by hanging as a major war criminal.

Alfred Jodl - Deputy to Wilhelm Keitel. Sentenced to death by hanging.

Ernst Kaltenbrunner - The highest ranking SS officer to be tried, having the full rank of Obergruppenfuhrer, translated as Senior Group Leader. Was tried and executed.

Julius Streicher - Wrote an anti-Semitic children's book, Der Giftpilz. It used the metaphor of an attractive yet deadly mushroom to sway the German people against the Jews. More importantly, he edited Der Stürmer This was a rabidly antisemitic weekly, and from 1941 he called for the extermination of the Jews. Tried and sentenced to death by hanging.

Hjalmar Schacht - Co-founder of the German Democratic Party. Tried, and, ultimately acquitted. He founded his own bank in 1953 and died in 1970. He was against the Nazi regime and was imprisoned by Hitler in 1944.

Martin Bormann - Private secretary to Adolf Hitler. Managed to remain at large during the trials. His remains were found in the 1970's, but not before a 26-year search for him in South America and Europe.

Several other high ranking officers were tried at Nuremburg. In all, 24 were executed, 128 were imprisoned, and 35 were acquitted.

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What happened at Nuremberg trials?

Why were these trials held in Nuremberg, Germany? What was the symbolism behind choosing this location?

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What crimes were the defendants accused of at the Nuremberg Trials?

being a chicken.

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Did Julius Streicher say at the Nuremberg Trials that he was only doing what Martin Luther told us to do?

A:At his trial, Streicher said, "Anti-Semitic publications have existed in Germany for centuries. A book I had, written by Dr. Martin Luther, was, for instance, confiscated. Dr. Martin Luther would very probably sit in my place in the defendants' dock today, if this book had been taken into consideration by the Prosecution. In the book 'The Jews and Their Lies', Dr. Martin Luther writes that the Jews are a serpent's brood and one should burn down their synagogues and destroy them . . . ." [my emphasis]

So, yes, Streicher was attempting to pass the blame for his own actions on to Martin Luther, but of course Streicher and his Nazi colleagues went far beyond burning and destroying synagogues. Wrong as Luther was, he never proposed the extermination of the Jews.

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Was there a jury at the Nuremberg trials?

No, there was no jury. The accused were tried by a panel of judges nominated by the four main Allied governments.

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Who did the Nuremberg Trials hold accountable for World War 2?

Germany

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What was significant about the Tokyo and Nuremberg Trials?

They set a standard for international law and conduct of war.

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Did the Nuremberg Trials only punish German leaders for the Holocaust?

  • The best known trial was only concerned with the surviving leaders, but there were several 'follow-up' trials concerned with crimes committed lower down. These include the 'Doctors' Trial', which was concerned with 'medical' crimes of various kinds, and the 'I-G-Farben Trial', which was mainly concerned with the fact that the chemicals conglomerate, I-G-Farben, had set up its own, private concentration camp, Auschwitz III (Buna).
  • In addition to the Nurembery trials there were others, both in Germany and other countries. These trials were not confined to German nationals.
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Did any Nazis escape prosecution in the Nuremberg trials?

Some notable Nazis authoritative absented at the Nuremberg trials because of their death. There were Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, and Joseph Goebbels. Robert Ley and Hermann Göring managed to commit suicide during the trials. 3 of other 24 notable Nazis were acquitted: Hjalmar Schacht, Hans Fritzsche, and Franz von Papen. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach escaped punishment by medical reasons.

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Nuremberg Trials

What were the consequences of the Nuremberg war crimes trials?

In post WW 2 Europe, Nuremberg Germany was the city where the allies put Nazi war criminals on trial. The trials exposed to the horror of most people, how many war crimes were committed and how many innocent civilians were put to death. The trials also exposed the Holocaust and the genocide of Jewish people in Europe during the war. Many Nazi's were given death sentences and long prison terms.

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How many people were convicted in the Nuremberg trials?

The International Military Tribunal finished its work and handed down its verdicts on October 1, 1946, ironically, on the Jewish Day of Atonement. Of the 22 defendants, 11 were given the death penalty, 3 were acquitted, 3 were given life imprisonment and four were given imprisonment ranging from 10 to 20 years. Those sentenced to death were hanged at Spandau Prison on October 6, 1946. Those acquitted were placed in the inept denazification program following the trial. Those who received prison sentences were sent to Spandau Prison.

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Nuremberg Trials

Why didn't the Germans get caught for killing the Jews?

They did, this is how we know about it now.

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What as addressed by the Nuremberg Trials?

War crimes and crimes against humanity .

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What are Nuremberg trials during the holocaust?

they where certaint laws made up by the Nazis

they where certaint laws made up by the Nazis

No they are not, they are the convictions of the 21 leaders and happend in 1945 to 1949 Nuremberg laws were made by the Nazis not the trials

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