Pap Smear

The Papanicolaou test (also called Pap smear, Pap test, cervical smear, or smear test) was invented by Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou. He was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection. The PAP test is a screening test to detect possible pre-cancerous and cancerous cells of the endo-cervical canal. A plastic a speculum is used to open the vaginal canal, and an applicator is used to very gently collect cells from the end of the cervix. Special stains are added to the specimen, which is sent to a lab for processing. Cervical cancers are typically caused by sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses (HPV) which most females contract soon after first becoming sexually active. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and other experts recommend starting screening at age 21 (or between ages 20 to 60, and definitely while sexually active. The test is not painful, though it can be temporarily uncomfortable.

941 Questions
Pap Smear

How can you make a pap smear less painful?

Hello, Easyiest way to make a smear test less painfull is by relaxing whilst haveing it done, no one likes them done, but just put your mind off whats been done and it wiill be over and done with quicker. jen

205206207
Pap Smear

Can getting a pap smear early on in your pregnancy cause a miscarriage?

No. My OB actually did a pap smear at 6 weeks pregnant to make sure everything is normal since it was getting close to my annual time.

193194195
Chlamydia
Pap Smear

Can a Pap smear detect chlamydia?

Pap smears can't detect chlamydia, and a normal Pap doesn't mean you don't have chlamydia. A pap smear looks for cervical cancer and precancerous problems. If you need testing for chlamydia, ask for the test by name.

181182183
Birth Control
Pap Smear

Do you need a pap smear to get birth control?

A pap smear and gynecological exam are not required to receive birth control. "The fact is, there isn't anything I would learn from doing a pelvic exam on a young woman that would prohibit me from offering her birth control pills," says Dr. Paul D. Blumenthal,director of contraceptive research and programsat Baltimore's Johns Hopkins University. Source: http://www.womensenews.org/story/health/040115/fewer-pelvic-exams-teens-seeking-birth-control

Also, a DNA test in lieu of an exam may be recommended based on recent findings mentioned at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/07/health/07virus.HTML

There is a lot of debate regarding the need for pap smears especially in woman who are in monogamous relationships for extended periods of time. In addition, many doctors have been pressing for young woman to receive an annual pap smear within 1 year of becoming sexually active; however, there is no need fora test so soon as cervical cancer in young woman is very unlikely (see sourced articles above). Even though the pap smear is something done routinely with many woman, it's not always necessary and you should always question the doctors regarding what risk factors are causing him/her to desire a pap smear. While it happens infrequently,individuals who were both virgins and continue to remain in a monogamous relationship have a nearly 0% chance of cervical cancer. Why does this matter? Well, you're willing to take birth control which is only 97-98% effective, your chances of getting cervical cancer would be lower than your chance of becoming pregnant in the hypothetical relationship I mentioned. I can say these relationships are possible as I am in one myself and until I went to my wifes doctors office with her, they would press for her to have anexam every time she was there. In my wifes case, we found out that her doctor was paid more for meeting quotas on pap smears which throws up many red flags.

While somewhat unrelated (but usually occurring during an exam), breast exams are now being recommended less. Source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/discussion/2009/11/17/DI2009111701453.HTML

You don't necessarily need a pap smear test when you ask for birth control, but some Doctors do advise that a pap test be performed but it isn't mandatory.

AnswerYes you can. See your Gyno.

A pap smear and gynecological exam are not required to receive birth control. "The fact is, there isn't anything I would learn from doing a pelvic exam on a young woman that would prohibit me from offering her birth control pills," says Dr. Paul D. Blumenthal,director of contraceptive research and programsat Baltimore's Johns Hopkins University.

There is a lot of debate regarding the need for pap smears, especially in women who are in monogamous relationships for extended periods of time. In addition, many doctors have been pressing for young women to receive an annual pap smear within one year of becoming sexually active; however, there is no need for a test so soon as cervical cancer in young women is very unlikely (see sourced articles above). Even though the pap smear is something done routinely with many women, it's not always necessary, and you should always question the doctors regarding what risk factors are causing him/her to desire a pap smear. While it happens infrequently, individuals who were both virgins and continue to remain in a monogamous relationship have a nearly 0% chance of cervical cancer. Why does this matter? Well, you're willing to take birth control which is only 97-98% effective, your chances of getting cervical cancer would be lower than your chance of becoming pregnant in the hypothetical relationship I mentioned. I can say these relationships are possible as I am in one myself and until I went to my wife's doctor's office with her, they would press for her to have an exam every time she was there. In my wife's case, we found out that her doctor was paid more for meeting quotas on pap smears, which throws up many red flags.

No. The current standard of care recognizes that screening for cervical cancer and starting birth control are entirely separate issues. The Americal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, among others, suggests that patients be started on appropriate methods of birth control, and urged to get appropriate health screening exams, but urges health professionals not to require exams for birth control prescriptions unless there are other considerations or concerns making an exam necessary.

A visit is required at least annually to get a prescription for medication that requires one. A pap smear is typically not required every year; the frequency depends on your health history. The current standard of care is to separate the pap as a requirement for birth control prescription.
No, a pap smear is just used to test for cervical dysplasia which might lead to cervical cancer.

157158159
Pap Smear

Can a pap smear detect STDs?

Well, that's a question that has a short answer, and a longer explanation. The pap smear doesn't look for STDs itself, but looks for damage due to high-risk HPV infection. However, it is not uncommon for STD tests to be ordered at the same time.

The purpose of the pap smear is to identify patients who need further testing for cancerous and precancerous changes on the cervix. In the pap smear, a sample of cells is taken from the cervix and a specialist looks at the cells under a microscope (or a computer reads the result). In some cases, the health care provider may also request an test for high-risk (cancer-causing) HPV subtypes with the pap smear. Under the most recent guidelines for cervical cancer screening, this test is done for women 30 and over, or is added on in the case of a mildly abnormal pap (i.e. an ASCUS result). This test for high-risk HPV subtypes is not meant to tell you that you do or don't have HPV, but is only meant to highlight which patients need a different test schedule based on cancer-causing HPV subtypes.

In the course of collecting a Pap smear, the health care provider can also request that the lab check for STDs. In some cases, a test for STDs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis can be added on to the lab request and tested from the same swab. In other cases, a second swab is sent out for the infections, and a microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge can also be done to check from trichomoniasis.

In rare cases, a pap smear may show infection with trichomoniasis, but a normal pap smear can not be assumed to mean no trich infection. In even rarer cases, a pap may show signs of herpes. Herpes will only show up if there's active infection on the cervix, and a woman with a normal pap smear must not assume that she does not have herpes.

A pap smear cannot detect or rule out HIV, hepatitis, or syphilis. Blood tests are required to screen for these diseases.

In summary:

  • A normal pap smear does not tell you anything about your STD status.
  • If you would like STD testing, be sure to discuss this with your health care provider; don't assume that testing is being done.
  • A pap smear may occasionally detect trichomoniasis or herpes, but a normal pap doesn't mean you don't have these infections.
  • HPV testing during pap smears is not meant to tell you if you have now or have ever had HPV; it's only meant to detect high-risk HPV subtypes so that an appropriate screening schedule can be targeted to your needs.
  • HPV testing is not done on every pap smear. Ask your health care provider about the cervical cancer testing plan that's appropriate for your age and Pap history.

No, a pap test will not detect a STI infection. It will, though, detect PID which is caused by a STI.
No. You have to ask specifically for those tests.
102103104
Pap Smear

Gyn pap smear results are abnormal cells or ASCUS need colposcopy THAT means I have cervical cancer?

Not at all, do not panic!! Sometimes after pap smear the results unusual, so just wait until your gynaecologist discusses your results, the doctor will go through the whole procedure with you and explain what they are looking for, many such tests require further investigation, it is better to be sure and safe, have faith and patience.

101102103
Pap Smear

What does an abnormal pap smear mean?

I am also a woman with abnormal cells and i just learned that I may have cervical cancer. please get checked out. My abnormal cells are coming from a virus called hpv. Ask your doctor to do a test for hpv a lot of times there is no symptoms for the virus. This why we have pap smears. They find abnormal cells before they go on to become cancer. Sometimes they go back to normal and sometimes they have to be treated. Treatment can be by laser or a small operation. There is no reason to worry excessively as treatment can be done very simply. This is why it is so important to have smears done regularly. Lots of women can have abnormal cells and have another test and it's fine. Women often don't know that just before you start your periods you SHOULD NEVER go in for a pap smear because it will almost always show abnormal cells. Go after you have finished your periods. As the above poster stated it's a good idea to have your pap smear every year.
It could mean that you have a yeast infection.
It means you need to go back for more tests. Keep your appointment, its very important for your continued health.

A Pap smear allows your doctor to look at the cells from your cervix (the lower part of your womb) and see if there are any problems. An abnormal Pap smear means that the cells of your cervix have shown some slightly abnormal changes.

697071
Pap Smear

Can you have a pap smear at age 15 if there is a history of cervical cancer?

I'm sure you can if you talk to the doctor about your worries. In fact, I think it would be good for you to talk to her about what worries you. It's very unusual to get cervical cancer that young, even if there is a history if it in the family.

808182
Pap Smear

Can pap smear cause spotting in early pregnancy?

Yes, a pap smear can cause some spotting afterwards. Call your Dr. if it becomes heavy or you have cramping.

777879
Pap Smear

Have a pap smear while pregnant?

yes, a pap shows cervical cancer. They usually do it early and then don't test again for a year. good luck. joymaker rn Yes.

676869
Pap Smear

Is a Pap Smear a good tool for general cancer detection or is it only specific to cervical cancer?

Typically it's only for cevical cancer.

626364
Women's Health
HIV and AIDS
Pap Smear

What do pap smears test for?

Pap smears check to see if you need further testing to detect cancer of the cervix or precancerous changes on the cervix.

313233
Pap Smear

During a pap smear can a doctor tell if you are a virgin?

Well, no. Not really. It really depends. Please read on...

You see...women have what is called a "Hymen", (A thin membrane that covers the opening of the vagina.)

And while a GYN can determine whether or not the hymen has been ruptured, it is not automatically determined whether or not the women is still a "Virgin".

The reason...while the hymen is usually ruptured during "Intercourse" or "Masterbation"...it can also be ruptured during jolsting sports...such

as..."Horseback Riding" for instance.

I hope this helps you.

Have a nice day!

~S


You don't need to get a pap smear unless you have had a sexual partner.. So if you are a virgin, there's no need? But yes. They will be able to tell.
Virginity is not something that can be detected through a pap smear.

515253
Pap Smear

What does it mean if your pap smear finds changes in your cervix cells?

It could mean many things, most likely it will go away on its own but you will need to have a pap every six months to keep an eye on it. If its at a higher level then they may have to freeze those cells off. It could be the hpv virus or it could be signs of cervical cancer. Please keep up with your doctor and have it checked regularly. Answer They will check again using a dye to determine the severity. If severe they will do a biopsy.

515253
Pap Smear

What is a pap smear?

A pap smear is performed by a gynecologist or family practitioner. During a pap smear, a woman's cervix is lightly scraped and the sample is sent to a lab for testing. The test is used to look for dysplasia and cervical cancer.

A papsmear is a test conducted by your doctors that tests samples of cervical cells for abnormalities, infections and diseases. The test is usually conducted biannually on women once they become sexually active.
It tests for abnormal cells on the cervix.
The main purpose of the pap smear is to screen for cervical cancer. This type of cancer is associated with the HPV. This is why the HPV vaccines are available now. It's to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. During this exam, they often also do screening for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, which requires a separate sample.

101112
HIV and AIDS
Pap Smear

Do pap smears test for HIV?

no they do not, they only test for cervical cancer
No. Most HIV methods of testing are through blood tests. An HIV test doesn't actual determine if you are carrying HIV, but it tests if your blood is carrying a specific anti-body that reacts to HIV. Therefore, even if you have HIV, a test will be negative until your body produces the anti-body that will make a test react positive. In most cases, anti-bodies for HIV will develop in a person within 3 months of being exposed to HIV.

Newer forms of HIV rapid testing can be done using saliva (technically not saliva, but oral fluid released from the mucosal surface of the cheek), and also test for antibodies in the oral fluid. They are less sensitive than blood testing, but still very useful in many settings.

Pap smears test for abnormalities in cells, and not specifically for HIV anti-bodies. It is my understanding that this test is an "indicator test" only. Meaning, further tests must be done to determine if cancer is present (as well as if HIV is present).
No, it is not designed to detect HIV. If you are concerned, you should get tested specifically for HIV.
No, HIV will not show up on a PAP test.

434445
Pap Smear

What does a Pap smear says satisfactory but endocervical present mean?

Searching with the same question, I found this answer at: http://www.drfeelgood.com.au/articles/tests/understanding_pap_smears.htm The canal inside the cervix (endocervical canal) which leads to the uterus cavity is lined by cells which make a transition to become those of the internal lining of the uterus. The transition point can easily vary from woman to woman and even from time to time in the same woman. This transition is not visible with the naked eye. One theory is that the abnormal calls occur at the point of transition. This is why a doctor aims to get a sample from the endocervical canal. A pap smear result routinely reports the presence or absence of these endocervical cells. The aim is to have a representation of endocervical component ensuring that the transition point has been past. It is important to check with your doctor that the endocervical component is present. I always use a brush inserted into the cervix canal when I do a pap smear . I tell the patient whether I feel I have adequately sampled the area. If there is no endocervical component present I discuss with the patient that forcing the brush up any further may not be appropriate. We discuss risks versus benefits of screening tests and decide together whether we will take any further action on the matter.

454647
Pap Smear

How long does sperm stay in a girl and can be checked by a pap smear or urinslyses?

72 hours. I'm no medical doctor. But I am a female. I have always been told sperm can live inside a female body and can pregnate for up to 72 hours. If their is any reason for health concerns or to report an incident, SEEK A MEDICAL EXAME IMMEDIATELY! And yes, sperm will show up on a pap exam. Some examiners tell you to not have sex for 3 days prior to the exam so the sperm won't mess up the results. A pap is a specific test for cancer, often caused by HPV (one in six people have HPV and most men have no symptoms. Always use a condom, and think about getting vaccinated against HPV.). It's also technically possible they would show on a urinalysis, if the urine stream carried some stray sperm from around the area into the cup, but it's not likely - and also not something that would be reported on a urinalysis, since those tests are done for specific reasons (drug testing, pregnancy, specific diseases). So - pap smear likely, urinalysis not likely, use condoms and talk to your doctor.

454647
NuvaRing
Pap Smear

Does the NuvaRing need to be removed for a pap smear?

No, it does not need to be removed for a Pap smear. The annual gyn exam and testing can be done with the Nuva Ring in place.

Not that I know of. I have had a pap smear done with it in. It may just be the practitioner's preference. If so, then she/he can probably remove and place it back immediately after the exam. But I would leave it in and inform my practitioner.

434445
Pap Smear

Do you get your pap smear results before you get your lab bill?

Obviously no.. Is the process that fast?

345
Pap Smear

What does a pap smear detect?

Pap Smears detect abnormal cervical cells that may develop into cervical cancer. This is abnormality in cells is usually caused by HPV, human papiloma virus.
Well, that's a question that has a short answer, and a longer explanation. The pap smear looks for damage due to high-risk HPV infection.

The purpose of the pap smear is to identify patients who need further testing for cancerous and precancerous changes on the cervix. In the pap smear, a sample of cells is taken from the cervix and a specialist looks at the cells under a microscope (or a computer reads the result). In some cases, the health care provider may also request an test for high-risk (cancer-causing) HPV subtypes with the pap smear. Under the most recent guidelines for cervical cancer screening, this test is done for women 30 and over, or is added on in the case of a mildly abnormal pap (i.e. an ASCUS result). This test for high-risk HPV subtypes is not meant to tell you that you do or don't have HPV, but is only meant to highlight which patients need a different test schedule based on cancer-causing HPV subtypes.

In the course of collecting a Pap smear, the health care provider can also request that the lab check for STDs. In some cases, a test for STDs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis can be added on to the lab request and tested from the same swab. In other cases, a second swab is sent out for the infections, and a microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge can also be done to check from trichomoniasis.

In rare cases, a pap smear may show infection with trichomoniasis, but a normal pap smear can not be assumed to mean no trich infection. In even rarer cases, a pap may show signs of herpes. Herpes will only show up if there's active infection on the cervix, and a woman with a normal pap smear must not assume that she does not have herpes.

In summary:

  • A pap smear is a screening test to find out what women need further testing to rule out cancerous or precancerous changes on the cervix.
  • A pap smear may occasionally detect trichomoniasis or herpes, but a normal pap doesn't mean you don't have an STD.
  • HPV testing during pap smears is not meant to tell you if you have now or have ever had HPV; it's only meant to detect high-risk HPV subtypes so that an appropriate screening schedule can be targeted to your needs.
  • HPV testing is not done on every pap smear. Ask your health care provider about the cervical cancer testing plan that's appropriate for your age and Pap history.
345
Pap Smear

Semen cause an abnormal pap smear?

no becasue a pap smear is to see if you have and type of HIV AIDS HYPOTISTIS or any thing like that unless that semen contains any of them then no it wont mess it up

434445
Pap Smear

Can a pap smear determine pregnancy?

aqNo, a pap smear is used to determine cancerous cells and other abnormalities in the soft tissue. To determine pregnancy you will need either a urine test or to be more accurate a blood test.

373839
Health
Women's Health
Pap Smear

Do you still need a pap test without a uterus?

Yes you still need a pap test, which can determine cervical or ovarian cancers. They are usually every three years if you have had a hysterectomy.

434445
Pap Smear

Is it even possible to get a pap smear every two weeks?

ok done after every two week

123

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.