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grievances cited in the Declaration of Independence?

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Magali Herman

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โˆ™ 2022-06-17 18:51:52
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US Civil War

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Why were poll taxes created

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โˆ™ 2011-10-17 04:55:13
  1. He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good
  2. He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
  3. He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
  4. He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
  5. He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
  6. He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
  7. He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
  8. He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
  9. He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
  10. He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance
  11. He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
  12. He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
  13. He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
  14. For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
  15. For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

    For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

  16. For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
  17. For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
  18. For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province,establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
  19. For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
  20. For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
  21. He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
  22. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people
  23. He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
  24. He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands
  25. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
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Anonymous

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โˆ™ 2020-10-22 13:29:15
okay thankyou

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โˆ™ 2011-09-13 21:39:00

There are lots of greivances, mostly related to the belief by colonists there was a conspiracy of power around the British Crown attempting to impinge the god given natural rights of men in favor of tyrannical rule. The document argues that King George III (the Crown):

1. refused to allow colonists or hindered their right to representation --he refused to assent to laws made by colonies; called legislative bodies to meet in places of his convenience, distant from their materials and homes to force them to agree to his measures; dissolved houses of representation for opposing his invasion of their rights, and then refused re-election of those houses

2. made judges answer to the crown for employment and salary (so making the judiciary a tool of the crown and more powerful than the elected representatives)

3. kept standing armies in times of peace (a sign of autocracy) without legislative approval of colonies

4. allowed the British Navy to impress colonial sailors (who were seen by the Navy as British), and to force them to fight against the colonists during skirmishes as part of the British Navy

5. 'incited' native Americans to fight against patriots;

but it especially named opposition to the substance of

6. the 5 INTOLERABLE ACTS, in response to Boston Tea Party and associated unrest:

i.BOSTON PORT ACT: closing Boston port in response to Boston Tea Party, punishing all of the city rather than the guilty, without allowing any of them defense;

ii. Massachusetts GOV'T ACT: brought Mass government under British control by making government positions appointd by crown, and limited Boston town meetings. Intended to pit colonies against one another; instead, other colonies worried about the possibility of the crown's interference in their affiars.

iii. ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE ACT: allowed change of venue (even to Great Britain) for trials of royal officials if the King thought a fair trial could not happen in Massachusetts. Washington called it the "Murder Act."

iv. QUARTERING ACT: provided housing for the British soldiers in unoccupied buildings of any colony.

v. QUEBEC ACT: although not always an intolerable act, refered to by Declaration: it enlarged boundry of Quebec and abolished English Law, creating an apparent threat to the colonists.

of course, the Declaration was less about grievances, as the War was already on. Rather, it was an open letter justifying the Rebellion, according to Republican terms.

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Q: What were the list of grievances in the declaration of independence?
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