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A 327-day operation in which the U.S. and Britain planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after sonets blockaded the city.
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Answer The relief provided by air by America, Britain and France to West Berlin when it was blockaded by Stalin's Soviet Union in 1948-49. It lasted for ab…out 11 months until the Soviet Union abandoned the blockade.
The effort to supply Berlin despite the Soviet blockade
measure of how much work can be done in a lenght of time
The United States,Britian,France v.s. Soviet Union
The significance of the Berlin Airlift was that it showed the Soviet Union that the western Allies would not abandon the citizens of West Berlin and were prepared to go to ext…raordinary lengths to maintain their independence. With the Berlin Blockade in place, the Soviets had expected the Western allies to abandon the city but underestimated the Britain and America's determination to supply their troops and the civilian population of Berlin. After the airlift began the Soviets claimed it would never work and the subsequent success of the Airlift was a great humiliation for them. For more information, check out the related question below.
Any country is justified when helping starving people or people in need of medical assistance.
The Berlin Airlift was the US program to remain influential in West Berlin, Germany in response to the Soviet embargo - blocking incoming goods from West Germany to West Berli…n. The airlift provided necessary goods and supplies to the residents of the city for two years, until the Soviets rescinded the trade barrier. People involved could be directly the Germans of West Berlin, the Soviets, and the Americans (specifically Harry Truman, the President at the time who gave support to the airlift).
A total of 101 fatalities were recorded as a result of the operation, including 39 Britons and 31 Americans, mostly due to crashes. Seventeen American and eight British …aircraft crashed during the operation.
(1948-49) International crises that arose from an attempt by the Soviet Union to force the Allied powers (U.S., Britain, and France) to abandon their postwar jurisdictio…ns in West Berlin. The Soviets, regarding the economic consolidation of the three Allied occupation zones in Germany in 1948 as a threat to the East German economy, blockaded all transportation routes between Berlin and West Germany. The U.S. and Britain responded by supplying the city with food and other supplies by military air transport and airlifting out West Berlin exports. An Allied embargo on exports from the Eastern bloc forced the Soviets to lift the blockade after 11 months.
to deliver food and supplies to West Berlin
Happened during 1948 when the Russians blocked access to Berlin.
The Berlin Blockade escalated the Cold War by showing that the Soviet Union did not want Germany to be a independent, unified country. Because West Berliners were cut off from… the rest of the capitalist world, they needed food to be flown in by Allied planes. It is also significant because of the "candy bombers" (Germans who were children back then still remember pilots dropping sweets during their supply runs).
When World War II ended in 1945, Germany was split into four pieces, and each piece was ruled by one of the four major countries that won the war (UK, USA, Soviet Union an…d France). Berlin, the capital city of Germany, was split in the same manner; however, Berlin is almost exactly in the center of the Soviet part, which would eventually become East Germany. Before the war was even over, the Soviets and the other three started distrusting each other. Stalin, the dictator ruling the Soviet Union, was kind of paranoid. Additionally, since Germany was a large and powerful country, both sides wanted Germany to join their side (once the Nazi stuff was dealt with). So the Soviets started messing with the other Allies. Since Berlin was right in the middle of the Soviet part of Germany, there were only a couple highways and railroads that were allowed to go from western Germany to western Berlin. Most of western Berlin's food and supplies came from Soviet Germany. There were other things (that I don't have time to get into now) going on as well, such as the Marshall Plan and changes to the German money, which caused tension between the Soviets and the West. In an effort to take control of the rest of Berlin, in 1948 the Soviets stopped giving food and supplies to the west, and stopped allowing people to go on those highways and railroads to get to West Berlin. They had hoped that the starving people there would become upset with the western Allies and join the Soviets. That's when the Berlin Airlift happened. Since they couldn't bring in food and supplies on the ground, the Western Allies started having airplanes fly them into West Berlin. The Soviet plan failed as West Berliners overwhelming rejected their overtures. In 1949, the split of Germany became permanent- the Soviet part became "the German Democratic Republic" or East Germany, and the other three parts united to become "the Federal Republic of Germany" or West Germany.
The Berlin airlift was seen as an act of defiance by the West against the Soviet Union. After WWII the nation of Germany was divided between the Allies as well as its capital …city. Berlin rested well within the Soviet occupation zone, however, which made it impossible for Westerners to reach it by land. Stalin essentially wanted to politically besiege the sections of Berlin that weren't under his control. The American's eventually devised a plan to instead airdrop supplies into their controlled sectors, enabling them to hold out. The Soviets dared not to shoot down the planes or else spark another war. Eventually the "siege" was stopped, but the airlift still continued.
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General Lucius D. Clay was the first commander, but turned controls over to Major General William H. Tunner of the Military Air Transport Service on 22 July 1948. Tunner assum…ed command at Wiesbaden on 28 July 1948 and by mid August, two-thirds of all C-54 crews were on their way to Germany. Turn around time was reduced to 30 minutes per aircraft with a landing goal of one plane per minute, 24 hours per day. By March of 1949 the airlift was bringing in 196,223 tons of material per month.
Because Russia had taken over East Berlin, the supplies coming from West Berlin to East Berlin had been cut off, leaving the people in East Berlin with virtually no supplies. …The Berlin Airlift was then enacted as a sort of brinkmanship as well as to give East Berliners their items.