Cold War

The nuclear arms race divided the world in a struggle as costly as any another war. East vs. West, Communism vs. Democracy, the Bear vs. the Eagle; all these were major factors in the lives of millions for 4 decades.

19,245 Questions
Politics and Government
War and Military History
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

How do satellites in the Warsaw pact provide a buffer for the Soviet Union?

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Cold War
US Foreign Policy

How did McCarthyism affect US foreign policy?

By making the united states once again go through another "witch hunt" and showing that we were a nation growing paranoid of communism and socialism.. combined with all the factors of arms races, nuclear fears of war..

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World War 2
USSR in WW2
Cold War
Eastern Europe

What did America do when Stalin decided he wanted to control Eastern European countries and make them satellite nations?

The United States made the CIA and sent a bunch of soldiers to reinforce the borders. The CIA killed KGB agents and the military stopped an invasion.

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Vietnam War
Cold War
Acronyms & Abbreviations

What is the significance of acronym MAD to the Cold war?

The significance of MAD, or mutually assured destruction in the Cold War, boils down to the reason behind the term Cold War itself. The Cold War, where conflict was between go-betweens on each side: for example, South Korea vs. North Korea or South Vietnam vs. North Vietnam, were pitched battles between logistics of the Americans and logistics of the Soviets. The Soviets and Americans never engaged in prolonged pitched conflict with each other. It was "cold" because neither side fired weapons at the other, in anger. Otherwise, it would be "hot". Think "hot-headed" and a gun, and "cooled off" and a gun, and you get the gist of it.

Sure, they have a gun, but no one's shooting in the latter.

The reason the conflagration, or an open war never occurred was due to the policy of mutually assured destruction. Mutually assured destruction boiled down to this: with enough nuclear weapons and enough ways of getting them to their destination, anyone who got a first strike would still not be feeling very swell in the morning. No one would get out of the pit without paying dearly for it.

This was the basis of the oft-repeated and cliche line of the physicist Albert Einstein, "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones."

The specter of the nuclear and thermonuclear weapon provided such a tool of utter, wanton devastation, that both sides pursued peaceful dealings with one another, despite the military-industrial complexes of both the Soviet Union and the United States revving up, quite openly to obliterate one another.

The promise of mutually assured destruction, where the mass of nuclear weapons and delivery systems were so great, that both sides knew for certain, if one of the nations fell, so would the other; they avoided the what was once considered "inevitable" conflict that would have happened if mutually assured destruction was not a policy shared between the two.

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History of the United States
Cold War
History of Russia

What were the 1950 anti communist trials?

Better known as the McCarthy Trials running from the late 40's to the early 50's. The events of often compared to the Salem Witch Trials in that anyone could make an accusation or suggestion of subversion or treason and no real evidence was necessary. The people brought before the 'Commission' and asked to admit there acts or perhaps name others to get a pass. It was a system ruled by fear (think post September 11- when Bush denied and removed the rights of hundreds of thousands of people, with little resistance because resistance equals treason). Anyone deemed to be a communist was blacklisted and became seen as less then human.

Hope this helps, for more info check online, a great summary can be found on wikipedia just type McCartyism.

Good Luck

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Korean War
Cold War
History of Korea

What caused the Korean War. Communist aggression by North Korea.?

The Korean War was unquestionably began when the Communist-Inspired North invaded the South. Soviet Russia and the United States were responsible for elevating the status of the conflict into a multi-national war.

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Cold War

Who is Nikita's successor?

alexei?

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Korean War
Vietnam War
Cold War

Why were the Cold War geographic boundaries drawn?

When Soviet & US/Allied forces drove their invasions toward the enemies positions, such as the center of Berlin or near the 38th parallel in Korea or the 17th parallel in Vietnam, that's where the leadership of those particular combatants would draw the line.

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World War 1
Cold War

Was the Tsar weakened by the First World War?

The Tsar wasn't weakened by World War One, he was overthrown, arrested and executed as a result of it. The entire Royal household was also executed to prevent a reinstatement. Centuries of oppression of the Russian people by the Tsar's was brought to a head by the deaths of so many Russian troops and the hardships that occurred at home. An extremely embarrassing and expensive defeat of the Russian Navy by the Japanese in a brief war prior to World War One set the stage, and the 1914 war proved to be the tipping point.

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Cold War
Countries, States, and Cities
Nuclear Weapons

Which country has the most nuclear weapons?

The United States currently owns 9,600 nuclear weapons, while Russia currently owns 16,800. But Russia actually always had more nuclear weapons than the United States.

Russia was lacking in nuclear warheads from beginning of time to 1975. For various reasons, the USSR (and now Russia) have pretty much always had more ICBM weapons than the US, while the US maintained a larger stockpile of gravity bombs, SLBMs, and cruise missiles. Currently, as nuclear-tipped cruise missiles were forbidden under the START I treaty, only bombs, ICBMs, and SLBMs are in existence, with the number of 'usable' weapons varying over time.

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Cold War

What was the root causes of cold war?

capitalism vs. communism

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Cold War
Treaties

What is the treaty of rome organization?

EEC

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Vietnam War
Cold War

How does the sniper highlight the futility of war?

By eliminating the need for battalions, regiments, brigades, divisions, etc. One "good" military sniper can pin down a whole rifle company. And if the terrain permits, and the enemy battalion isn't too spread out, one "good" sniper can pin down as whole battalion.

So why have battalions...unless they're specialized!

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History of Russia
Cold War

Is Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev alive or dead?

yes,because since about history mikhail died long time ago

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Cold War

Why did they call it the cold war?

The cold war a political rivalry between the Capitalist and Socialist blocs by build up of a arms race between the two super blocs..

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

Who did the Berlin Wall help?

It didn't really help anybody.

The issue was that after World War II, the Allies divided Germany into administrative zones, with different members of the Allies having responsibility for different zones.

This was done for the country as a whole, and more pertinently, for Berlin specifically.

Berlin happened to be within the Soviet (USSR) administrative zone, but because unlike other cities it was portioned out separately, parts of Berlin ("West Berlin") were administered by countries other than the USSR.

When the Soviet-controlled zone became a separate (communist) country from the rest of Germany, that meant there was a tiny region of democracy within soviet East Germany. (The other zones merged into West Germany. Technically, West Berlin was not actually a part of West Germany but a separate administrative area; however, they behaved in essentially every practical way as if they were part of West Germany, even to the extent of having their legislature vote to approve all laws passed by West Germany without debate.)

Many people decided they'd rather live in a democratic country than a socialist one (that's little-d democratic as in "democracy", not big-d Democratic as in "the Democratic party." Thought I should mention that to make it clear there was an actual difference between the two.).

And, since Berlin was kind of right there, people started streaming in.

The USSR didn't like this, so they built a wall to keep it from happening. (Also, they were somewhat offronted by the very concept of "West Berlin," and hoped they'd be able to basically starve the people into agreeing to become part of East Germany... this didn't work because of the Berlin Airlift, where other countries sent food to West Berlin by plane; the USSR didn't want actual war with other countries, particularly not the US, so while they could and did stop trucks from traveling through East Germany to get to Berlin, they couldn't really just shoot the planes down.)

In the general collapse of the Iron Curtain countries under the weight of Soviet mismanagement in the late 20th century, the wall was mostly torn down and the two Germanies reunited into a single country.

So, temporarily, it helped the Soviets keep control of East Germany and not continually lose people to West Germany, by providing a physical barrier making it harder for them to simply stroll across the border. But in the long run, it was ultimately futile.

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World War 2
Germany in WW2
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

What events worsened relations between the United States and the Soviet Union?

Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan

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World War 2
Japan in WW2
Cold War

What was the Marshall Plan and its goal?

to help rebuild Europe

Apex

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Vietnam War
Cold War

What were the causes of the Vietnam War?

Among the reasons/causes of the Vietnam War:

  • As for why the US got involved, Americans feared the "domino theory" of expanding communist empires. The Truman doctrine stated that America would assist governments resisting communism.
  • French rule was harsh: only the government was allowed to produce/sell alcohol & salt; rice was exported from huge French-owned plantations while many Vietnamese did not have enough to eat; workers in mines and rubber plantations could be jailed if they tried to leave their jobs; and taxes of every kind multiplied. Then during WW2, the French shared control of Vietnam with the Japanese.
  • In 1945, Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam a free and independent country. However, the British and Chinese helped the French to return and the USA did nothing to stop them.
  • In 1954, after a massive Viet Minh victory over the French at Dien Bien Phu, peace talks were held in Geneva and Vietnam was divided at the 38th parallel. Elections were planned for 1956 but the South Vietnamese leader, Ngo Dinh Diem, refused to hold these.
  • The USA was worried about the spread of Communist power in Asia and Ho Chi Minh was a member of the French Communist Party.

The main reason for the war was to stop the spread of communism. There are many other views on this subject so I would suggest reading some books on the subject.

You can find a complete timeline and reasons for actions at www.historyplace.com

The United States feared that Vietnam would be taken over by communists, so they sent troops there. - arrowbeat

The primary cause of the Vietnam War was the invasion of the French shortly after World War II. By occupying the country, the French created an imbalance in the cultural lifestyle of the Vietnamese. This disruption of the peaceful Vietnamese life was taken advantage of by the communists, who at that time where seeking to spread their political views on small, weak, countries that were unbalanced by the French.

Start of wars in VietnamBeginnings of Vietnam War

You did not indicate which wars you are interested in. The Chinese had control over Vietnam, but in 939, they left and an independent Vietnam was created. In 1407, the Chinese regained control of the area. In 1427, the Chinese were driven out and another Vietnam nation was established. In 1861, the French seized control of Saigon and the rest of the south by 1867. They took control of the north by 1883. In 1940-41, the Japanese advanced into and took control of Northern and Southern French Indo-China, as France had been defeated by Germany at that time. It was during this period, that Ho Chi Minh, a Vietnamese Communist, returned to Vietnam from China and headed a Revolutionary League to regain independence for Vietnam. In 1945, he proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. When the Allies defeated Japan in WWII, the British and Chinese accepted the surrender of the Japanese in Vietnam and the French re-entered the area and took over control again. On December 19, 1946, Vietminh forces attacked the French in Hanoi and the Indochina War--also known as the Vietminh War--began. US Involvement in Vietnam: In 1954, the Vietminh forces of Vietnam defeated the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, and the nation was temporarily divided into two sections, north and south. The people of the south chose Ngo Dinh Diem as their ruler and Ho Chi Minh ruled the north. Diem refused to go along with the planned elections in 1956 to unite the nation so the Vietminh members in the south created the Viet Cong and the war between north and south for control of the country began. The government of South Vietnam requested military advisors from the United States to help train the South Vietnamese army. Ho Chi Minh was a communist and during the Cold War of the 1950s and 60s, the aim of the US government was containment of communist power and not to let it spread. The Eisenhower administration provided South Vietnam with money and advisors to help stop the threat of a North Vietnamese takeover. The United States also was pledged by treaty (SEATO) to aid the member nations in southeast Asia, if they were attacked by a foreign (communist) power. Following the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, President Lyndon B. Johnson also believed in containment and the domino theory. If one nation falls to communism, the next nation will fall, and the next, etc. It became the aim of the Johnson administration to prevent a communist takeover in Southeast Asia. In August, 1964, President Johnson reported to the nation that American ships had been attacked by North Vietnam gunboats in the Gulf of Tonkin, in international waters. The Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving the President the power to use whatever force necessary to protect our interests in the area. At the time, the truth was not reported. << Rather than being on a routine patrol Aug. 2, the US destroyer Maddox was actually engaged in aggressive intelligence-gathering maneuvers � in sync with coordinated attacks on North Vietnam by the South Vietnamese navy and the Laotian air force.>> http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=2261

Money and power is the background of any war

It was an attempt to stop the spread of Communism.

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Korean War
Vietnam War
Cold War

Was the Korean war bigger than the Vietnam war?

In terms of violence and scale yes. In terms of area and time no.

Korea commenced immediately as a conventional war; with tanks and aircraft, ships and men. But it was confined to the Korean peninsula, and lasted only 3 years.

Vietnam began like a cancer and escalated from a guerrilla war into a conventional war after 1964 (due to the Tonkin Gulf Incident). In Vietnam, which was not a peninsula, bombing and infiltration affected the bordering nations of Cambodia and Laos, and had the potential to spread to further neighboring countries had the US pursued the war with even more determination than it actually did. However, the US desparately tried to confine the war to only South Vietnam, with an aerial war over North Vietnam, and "secret" bombings of Laos and Cambodia.

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History of the United States
Cold War
US in WW2
Harry Truman

What were the results of the Truman Doctrine?

Greece and Turkey did not become part of the Soviet sphere.

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Cold War
Apollo 13

What was the first us manned space program called?

Mercury.

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History of Europe
Cold War
Society and Civilization

What does the term Iron Curtain refer to?

The term "Iron Curtain" referred to a theoretical boundary which divided Europe into two separate zones, symbolically, politically and physically. Use of the term started at the end of World War II and continued until the end of the Cold War, which was from about 1945 to 1990. With the Iron Curtain in place, some of the Eastern and Central European countries were under the political influence of the Soviet Union. Exceptions were West Germany, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Austria.

The term "Iron Curtain" was originally used during World War II by German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and later Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk towards the end of the war. It was popularised by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who first used it in his "Sinews of Peace" address at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, on 5 March 1946, during which he stated:

"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow."

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Korean War
Vietnam War
Cold War

What were the two big policies that the US followed during the Korean and mainly the Vietnam War?

The Monroe Doctrine and the Magna Carta

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USSR in WW2
Cold War
US in WW2
Soviet Union (USSR)

What incident in 1960 heightened cold war tensions between the US and the Soviet Union?

Newly appointed Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev threatened the United States to nuclear damnation several times throughout the year. The following year, the already strained relationship between the US and the Soviet Union came to a breaking point when, in 1961, the Soviets pledged total support to Fidel Castro in the famed Bay of Pigs incident.

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